Đáp án và lời giải chi tiết Đề số 60 - Đề thi thử THPT Quốc Gia môn Tiếng Anh
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSET in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Question 1: We are very anxious about the result of the exam.
A. careful B. worried
C. excited D. indifferent
Question 2: The sale of drug is controlled by law in most countries.
A. restricted B. permitted
C. illegal D. binding
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions.
Question 3: Many flowering (A) plants benefit of (B) pollination by (C) adult butterflies (D) and moths.
Question 4: There is only (A) one Chinese (B) restaurant in town (C), isn’t it (D)?
Question 5: You had better to tell (A) her the (B) truth or she’ll (C) get angry with (D) you.
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Question 6: Despite having a bigger and cheaper choice of healthy foods, many Americans have lost a lot of weight.
A. acquire B. win
C. gained D. obtain
Question 7: The boy dose not resemble his brother in any way.
A. take up B. look up
C. look after D. take after
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the question from 8 to 14.
What is “extreme” weather? Why are people talking about it these day? “Extreme” weather is an unusual weather event such as rainfall, a drought or a heat wave in the wrong place or at the wrong time. In theory, they are very rare. But these days, our TV screens are constantly showing such extreme weather events. Take just three news stories from 2010: 28 centimetres of rain fell on Rio de Janeiro in 24 hours, Nashville, USA, had 33 centimetres of rain in two days and there was record rainfall in Pakistan.
The effects of this kind of rainfall are dramatic and lethal. In Rio de Janeiro, landslides followed, burying hundreds of people. In Pakistan, the floods affected 20 million people. Meanwhile, other parts of the world suffer devastating droughts. Australia, Russia and East Africa have been hit in the last ten years. And then there are unexpected heat waves, such as in 2003 in Europe. That summer, 35,000 deaths were said to be heat-related.
So, what is happening to our weather? Are these extreme events part of a natural cycle? Or are they caused by human activity and its effects on the Earth’s climate? Peter Miller says it’s probably a mixture of both of these things. On the one hand, the most important influences on weather events are natural cycles in the climate. Two of the most famous weather cycles, El Nino and La Nina, originate in the Pacific Ocean. The heat from the warm ocean rises high into the atmosphere and affects weather all around the world. On the other hand, the temperature of the Earth’s oceans is slowly but steadily going up. And this is a result of human activity. We are producing greenhouse gases that trap heat in the Earth’s atmosphere. This heat warms up the atmosphere, land and oceans. Warmer oceans produce more water vapour – think of heating a pan of water in your kitchen. Turn up the heat, it produces steam more quickly. Satellite data tells us that the water vapour in the atmosphere has gone up by four percent in 25 years. This warm, wet air turns into the rain, storms, hurricanes and typhoons that we are increasingly experiencing. Climate scientist, Michael Oppenheimer, says that we need to face the reality of climate change. And we also need to act now to save lives and money in the future.
Question 8: It is stated in the passage that extreme weather is ______.
A. difficult for scientists to understand
B. not a natural occurrence
C. becoming more common
D. killing more people than ever before
Question 9: The word “lethal” in the second paragraph probably means ______.
A. far-reaching B. long-lasting
C. happening soon D. causing deaths
Question 10: What caused thousands of deaths in 2003?
A. floods after a bad summer
B. a period of hot weather
C. a long spell of heavy rain
D. large-scale landslides
Question 11: According to the passage, extreme weather is a problem because ______.
A. we can never predict it
B. it only affects crowded places
C. it’s often very destructive
D. its causes are completely unknown
Question 12: Extreme weather can be caused by ______.
A. satellites above the Earth
B. water vapour in the atmosphere
C. very hot summers
D. water pans in your kitchen
Question 13: Satellites are used to ______.
A. change the direction of severe storms
B. trap greenhouse gases in the atmosphere
C. measure changes in atmospheric water vapour
D. prevent climate from changing quickly
Question 14: Which statement is NOT supported by the information in the passage?
A. Such extreme weather is hardly the consequence of human activity.
B. Extreme weather is substantially influenced by human activity.
C. Unusual weather events are part of natural cycles.
D. We can limit the bad effects of extreme weather.
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the most suitable response to complete each of the following exchanges.
Question 15: Paul: Make yourself at home.
A. Thanks! Same to you.
B. Yes. Can I help you?
C. Not at all. Don’t mention it.
D. That’s very kind. Thank you.
Question 16: “Well, it’s getting late. Maybe, we could get together sometime.”
A. Nice to see back you.
B. Sounds good. I’ll give you a call.
C. Take it easy.
D. Yes, I’ve enjoyed it.
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.
A. cacti B. invite
C. primary D. driven
A. clothes B. houses
C. increases D. rises
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.
Question 19: He felt _____ when he failed the exams the second time.
A. annoyed B. discouraged
C. undecided D. determined
Question 20: Unfortunately, your letter arrived after the final date for application. _____, we cannot consider you for the post
A. As result B. That is because
C. Consequently D. To this
Question 21: In some countries, each academic term is _____ by a week-long break.
A. separated B. left
C. subtracted D. departed
Question 22: Please let us know your decision as soon as _____.
A. possible B. better
C. you can D. Both A & C
Question 23: He is the world champion. We all know _____ he is at boxing.
A. how better B. how best
C. how good D. how well
Question 24: We would have agreed to the contract _____ for Tom’s opposition.
A. would it not have been
B. be it not
C. had it not been
D. should it not have been
Question 25: How well people remember things _____ on many factors.
A. depends B. depended
C. depending D. depend
Question 26: You _____ concern yourself with the programme. The organizers of the festival will take care of it.
A. mustn’t B. needn’t
C. may not D. might not
Question 27: She _____ thousands of pictures since the 1980s.
A. took B. was talking
C. has taken D. had been taking
Question 28: To my _____, winter is a daft time to go on a holiday.
A. mind B. opinion
C. belief D. view
Question 29: Universities send letters of _____ to successful candidates by post.
A. accept B. acceptably
C. acceptable D. acceptance
Question 30: They would _____ go by air than travel by train.
A. always B. better
C. rather D. prefer
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the question from 31 to 38.
One of the most convenient and cheapest ways to see America is by riding a Greyhound bus. This interstate bus system connects all major cities in the United States providing them with frequent and convenient service. The bus system even has an international service which connects the Canadian cities of Vancouver, Toronto and Montreal to the Continental United States. At the southern border Greyhound also makes connection with cities in Mexico.
Its network even extends to some of the smaller towns and out-of-the-way communities in the great expanse of the country. Travelling by bus may take longer than flying by plane, but the terminals are located in the center of most cities and there is easy excess to the downtown areas. At night these terminals are carefully supervised and controlled by security guards so as to guarantee safety. If a person in the terminal cannot produce an ongoing ticker to another destination, he will be required to leave. The purpose of this policy is to safeguard the security of passengers and discourage beggars from loitering around the premises. Some terminals in major cities are opened around the clock, while others may close after midnight and open again in the morning.
Greyhound also offers a variety of discount fares for the cross-country travelers who may like to visit many places across the continent. For them there is the Ameripass. This pass is designed for budget travelers and can be a great saving over the regular fare. This pass can be purchased for period from as short as one week to as long as thirty days. It enables the traveler to visit any city along the Greyhound route within the purchased time limit. What is being purchased, therefore, is not distance but time.
These buses are comfortable and air-conditioned. They are all equipped with toilets in the rear to add to the convenience of the passengers but there are some very severe rules of conducts which are strictly enforced. On all buses smoking is prohibited and the consumption of alcoholic beverages is not allowed. For those passengers who use a pocket-sized stereo like a Walkman transistor for personal entertainment, the law requires that the volume be turned down so as not to disturb the other passengers.
The drivers are well-trained, very courteous and professional and always introduce themselves at the beginning of the route. The stop frequently along the journey to permit smokers to grab a quick cigarette or for others to pick up a snack at a fast food restaurant.
Although bus travel may not be suited to everyone’s taste, it affords budget travelers and backpackers the chance to see America in comfort and safety and at a leisurely unhurried pace.
Question 31: What is an advantage of taking the bus?
A. The passengers are usually polite.
B. Meals are served from time to time.
C. One can smoke on the bus.
D. The bus terminals are usually in the center of the city.
Question 32: How are bus terminals made safe at night?
A. There is security control which checks on people in the terminal.
B. There are always many passengers.
C. Guard dogs are used.
D. Most terminals are closed during slow hours.
Question 33: What is the name of the discount pass which can be used on Greyhound passes?
A. Ampass B. USpass
C. American pass D. Ameripass
Question 34: When one purchases a special discount pass on Greyhound, he does not pay for distance. What does he pay for?
A. Convenience B. Time
C. Safety D. Comfort
Question 35: How can one describe the interior of a Greyhound Bus?
A. It is drab and dreary.
B. It is small and confining.
C. It is air conditioned and equipped with toilets.
D. It is dirty and stuffy.
Question 36: The phrase “around the clock” is closet in meaning to _____.
A. Not far from the clock
B. All day and all night without stopping
C. Early in the morning
D. Late at night
Question 37: Rules on Greyhound are strictly enforced. Which of the following is NOT a rule?
A. No use of bad language
B. No listening to music on audio cassette
C. No drinking of alcohol D. No smoking
Question 38: Which group of people are most likely to use Greyhound Buses?
A. people afraid of flying
B. Travelling businessmen
C. Backpackers and people travelling on budget
D. College students returning to school
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is CLOSET in meaning to each of the following questions.
Question 39: The roads were slippery because it snowed heavily.
A. The heavy snow made the roads slippery.
B. It snowed too heavily to make the roads slippery.
C. The heavy snow prevented the roads from being slippery.
D. Thanks to the slip of the roads, it snowed heavily.
Question 40: “Mum, please don’t tell Dad about my mistake,” the boy said.
A. The mother was forced to keep her son’s mistake secret when he insisted.
B. The boy earnestly insisted that his mother tell his father about his mistake.
C. The boy requested his mother not to talk about his mistake anymore.
D. The boy begged his mother not to tell his father about his mistake.
Question 41: If it hadn’t been for his carelessness, we would have finished the work.
A. He was careless because he hadn’t finished the work.
B. If he were careful, we would finish the work.
C. If he had been more careful, the work would have been completed.
D. Because he wasn’t careless, we didn’t finish the work.
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions.
Question 42: He smokes all the time. I can’t stand that about him.
A. That he smokes all the time I can’t stand.
B. What I can’t stand about him is the way he smokes all the time.
C. I can’t put up with what he smokes.
D. I can’t bear his smoke.
Question 43: The Prime Minister set up a committee of financial experts. They were to help him discuss and formulate new policies.
A. The Prime Minister, who is a financial expert, set up a committee to discuss and formulate new policies.
B. A committee of financial experts was set up by the Prime Minister to help him discuss and formulate new policies.
C. The Prime Minister, who was helped by financial experts, set up a committee to discuss and formulate new policies.
D. A committee consisting of financial experts who were helped by the Prime Minister discussed and formulated new policies.
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks from 44 to 48.
If women choose to pursue a career once they have children, they often miss out on a close relationship with children. Helen Jamieson is a mother of three who has given up work to look after her children (44) _____. She strongly believes that women are pressurized to do too much, (45) _____ themselves to the absolute limit. In her own case, after six years of paid employment, Helen finally decided to call it a day. She says she initially found it hard to be at home, though she never misses the job itself. She admits that if she had had a brilliant career to begin (46) _____, she might feel differently now. Financially, she is no worse off (47) _____ before, as the cost of childcare and commuting exceeded her actual income. (48) _____ the government starts to give other tax incentives to working parents, she says she will not return to the workplace until her children are grown up.
A. with a full-time B. for full-time
C. in full time D. full-time
A. and driving B. and taking
C. driving D. taking
A. with B. as
C. to D. at
A. then B. as
C. than D. so
A. Unless B. If
C. Provided D. Even if
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress in each of the following questions.
A. territory B. photography
C. separate D. desert
A. determine B. eventually
C. historian D. threaten
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