Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.
A. possesses B. brushes
C. watches D. indicates
A. passionate B. pessimism
C. assessment D. passages
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress in each of the following questions.
A. celebrate B. occupy
C. festivity D. atmosphere
A. approximately B. considerable
C. environmental D. conservation
Mark the letter A, B, C or D in your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions.
Question 5. The Dutch are playing the Italian first, and then the Spanish and the Portuguese play.
A. Dutch B. Italian
C. Spanish D. Portuguese
Question 6. So extensive the lakes are that they are viewed as the largest bodies of fresh water in the world.
A. the lakes are B. are viewed
C. largest D. of fresh water
Question 7. Each of the musicians in the orchestra were rehearsing daily before the concert tour began.
A. musicians B. were
C. daily before D. began
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Question 8. The factory is fined for discharging dangerous chemicals into the river.
A. releasing B. increasing
C. decreasing D. keeping
Question 9. Thanks to her regular workouts and sensible diet she certainly strikes me as in the pink.
A. in absolute health
B. in good health
C. in clear health
D. in extreme health
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Question 10. If you are at a loose end this weekend, I will show you around the city.
A. free B. confident
C. occupied D. reluctant
Question 11. The problem is due to discipline, or, more precisely, the lack of discipline, in school.
A. informally B. flexible
C. casually D. wrongly
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions.
Question 12. On her birthday she had only her cat for company.
A. The only thing she brought to the birthday party was her cat.
B. She came to the birthday party in company with her only cat.
C. The birthday present of the company for her was just a cat.
D. She was on her own except for her cat on her birthday.
Question 13. I never thought that I could win a prize.
A. It never dawned in me that I could win a prize.
B. I was never put off from winning a prize.
C. It never crossed my mind that I could win a prize.
D. I never had full advantage of winning a prize.
Question 14. The mistake in the accounts was not noticed until the figures were re-checked.
A. It was not until the mistake in the accounts was noticed that the figures were re-checked.
B. Once re-checking the figures, the mistake in the accounts was noticed.
C. The mistake in the accounts only came to light when the figures were re-checked.
D. When the figures were re-checked they came to light the mistake in the accounts.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions.
Question 15. Mr. Smith is very interested in our plan. I spoke to him on the phone last night.
A. Mr. Smith, who is very interested in our plan, I spoke to on the phone last night.
B. Mr. Smith, to whom I spoke on the phone last night, is very interested in our plan.
C. Mr. Smith is very interested in our plan to whom I spoke on the phone last night.
D. Mr. Smith, who I spoke on the phone last night, is very interested in our plan.
Question 16. The new restaurant looks good. However, it seems to have few customers.
A. In order to get more business, the new restaurant should improve its appearance.
B. In spite of its appearance, the new restaurant dose not appear to attract much business.
C. If it had a few more customers, the new restaurant would look better.
D. The new restaurant would have more customers if it looks better.
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following question.
Question 17. Her first flight as the captain of a plane was an important _____ in her professional life.
A. aftermath B. shiftwork
C. milestone D. cause
Question 18. An inspiring speaker, Reverend Jackson always manages to _____ the best in his congregation.
A. bring up B. bring out
C. bring over D. bring across
Question 19. The bed-ridden old man objected _____ as a burden on his family.
A. to being regarded
B. at his being regarded
C. with his regarding
D. for regarding
Question 20. We are _____ considering having a swimming pool built as the summers are so long and hot.
A. seriously B. thoughtfully
C. sincerely D. responsibly
Question 21. ______ anything, she was unable to help the police.
A. While not seeing B. Since not seen
C. Not having seen D. As not seeing
Question 22. Michelle is a(n) _____ worker who always takes great care not to make any mistakes.
A. conductive B. meticulous
C. honorable D. careless
Question 23. The moment you _____ him, you’ll understand what I’m talking about.
A. see B. are seeing
C. will see D. saw
Question 24. Why should I throw the milk away? It _____.
A. isn’t smelling so badly
B. isn’t smelling so bad
C. doesn’t smell so bad
D. doesn’t smell so badly
Question 25. Mike has quickly established himself _____ the National Football League’s most valued player.
A. to be one of B. as one of
C. as D. to be
Question 26. “Why did you waste your money on going to see that movie?”
“I know. It’s the ____ film I’ve ever seen.”
A. worse B. baddest
C. worst D. bad
Question 27. Danielle would still be our best defender _____ an accident.
A. if she didn’t have
B. if she hadn’t
C. had she not had
D. weren’t she to have
Question 28. ____ are poised to change the face of the construction industry in the coming year.
A. Designing buildings environmentally
B. Building environmentally designing
C. Environmentally designed buildings
D. Designed environmental building
Question 29. “She is an excellent actress!” “You _____ again!”
A. can say that B. may say it
C. say it D. say that
Question 30. “Do you know who else is going to be running for governor?”
“_____ that Mr. Jones is planning to.”
A. Word is it B. Word has it
C. Word has D. The words are
Read the following passage and mark A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the blanks.
University researchers have taken samples from a preserved dodo specimen in an (31) _____ to uncover the extinct bird’s family tree. They worked with the British Natural History Museum to collect and study genetic material from large number of specimens: a preserved dodo, the extinct solitaire bird, and 35 kind of living pigeons and doves. Their analysis (32) _____ the doo and the solitaire to be close relatives with the Nicobar pigeon, their nearest living relative. The dodo lived on Mauritius in the Indian Ocean. It was a flightless bird, bigger than a turkey. By 1681, all dodos had been (33) _____ by hungry sailors. The solitaire, which looked a bit like a dodo, had gone the same way by 1800. By extracting short pieces of the dodo’s DNA and (34) _____ these with the DNA of living birds, the scientists were able to deduce when the dodo evolved away from its relatives into a separate entity. The scientists can now (35) _____ assume that the dodo developed its distinctive appearance and features as a result of its geographical isolation. They are now convinced that it separated from the solitaire about 25 million years ago, long before Mauritius became an island.
A. attempt B. intention
C. order D. assistance
A. advises B. involves
C. shows D. recommends
A. disappeared B. vanished
C. killed D. extinct
A. studying B. comparing
C. researching D. combining
A. surely B. hardly
C. highly D. safely
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.
There has been much debate over the past few decades concerning fears that automation will lead to robots replacing human workers on a massive scale.
The increasing use of robotics, computers and artificial intelligence is a reality, but its full implications are far from cut and dried. Some forecasts present the future in a utopian way, claiming that robots will take over the tedious heavy work thus freeing up human time and potential, allowing for more creativity and innovation. At the other end of spectrum are those who foresee an employment apocalypse, predicting that almost fifty percent of all American jobs could vanish within the next few decades. Former Microsoft chairman Bill Gates states that in 20 years robots could be in place in a number of job categories, particularly those at lower end of the scale in terms of skills.
The bottom line is that while the future is always uncertain, robots are a fixture of our society, which is not going to disappear. As with the Industrial Revolution, where machines were utilized in many tasks in place of manual laborers and social upheaval followed, the Digital Revolution is likely to place robots in various jobs. In spite of that, many of today’s jobs were not in existence before the Industrial Revolution, such as those of programmers, engineers and data scientists. This leads other experts to criticize this alarmist approach of robot scare-mongering, which is invariably compared to the 19th-century “Luddites”. This group was textile workers who feared being displaced by machines and resorted to violence, burning down factories and destroying industrial equipment – their rejection of inevitable progress has come to symbolize mindless ignorance.
Needless to say, exactly what new kinds of jobs might exist in the future is difficult to envision at present. Therefore, the crux of the issue is not whether jobs will be lost, but whether the creation of new vacancies will outpace the ever-increasing number of losses and what skills will be required in the future.
It is clearly not all doom and gloom, as demand for employees with skills in data analysis, coding, computer science, artificial intelligence and human-machine interface is rising and will continue to do so. Furthermore, the demand for skills in jobs where humans surpass computers, such as those involving care, creativity and innovative craftmanship, are likely to increase considerably. Ultimately, the key lies in the adaptation of the workforces, through appropriate education and training, to keep pace with our world’s technological progress.
Question 36. What is the main concern associated with technological advances in the workplace?
A. safety at work
B. increased unemployment
C. the use of artificial intelligence
D. robots taking over the world
Question 37. What do optimists predict technology will allow?
A. workplaces to become more relaxing
B. a greater enjoyment of life
C. flexible working hours
D. higher quality products
Question 38. What can be inferred from the comments made by Bill Gates?
A. Changes will occur for many decades.
B. There will be increasing amounts of unskilled workers.
C. Highly skilled workers have less to worry about.
D. Technology will have a negative effect in the workplace.
Question 39. Why is the example of the Industrial Revolution given?
A. It was also a time of great change in the workplace.
B. It had far less of an effect than the Digital Revolution.
C. It lead to widespread unemployment in the world.
D. It resulted in a more violent society.
Question 40. What is the modern-day view of the Luddites?
A. They managed to protect their jobs.
B. Their refusing to adapt to change is seen in a negative way.
C. Their adapting to new technology saved their jobs.
D. Their actions are inspiring many workers today.
Question 41. Which of the following is closest in meaning to crux in paragraph 4?
A. The most complex part
B. The hidden message
C. The least understood part
D. The most important part
Question 42. According to the article, which quality will technology never be able to replace?
B. human compassion
C. the desire to manufacture goods
D. human intelligence
Question 43. What is the main idea of this article?
A. There are few negative consequences to the Digital Revolution.
B. Learning about technology is a natural part of human development.
C. Workers will need to adapt to technological changes.
D. Unemployment will increase dramatically as technology advances.
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.
Thanks to electricity, candles are no longer a necessity in our lives, but they are still a pleasure. The warm flame of candlelight can quickly alter the mood and atmosphere of a room, often creating a peaceful scene that electric light just cannot match.
Candles are an important part of many cultural and religious festival and have been burnt in various forms for centuries. The ancient Romans and Egyptians made candles from a type of fiber coated with wax. However, up until the nineteenth century, most candles were made from a substance called tallow, obtained from beef fat. Tallow candles were very smoky and, understandably, had an unpleasant odor.
In the 19th century, candle makers learned to separate stearin, the solid form fat used as a type of glue, from tallow and used it to harden other fats. Candles that contained stearin would burn longer than previous ones and had a better smell. Stearin is still one of the main components of modern candle-making, and the techniques used to create candles today are much the same as they have been for many years. These days, the increase range of wax dyes, perfumes and other additives that are now available make candle making a very exciting and rewarding hobby.
Sales of candles have increased greatly over the last few years, showing that they have become part of our lives again, not through necessity, but because of the magical atmosphere they create. In our increasingly stressful lives, the calming quality of candlelight has a relaxing effect that many enjoy.
For those would like to learn to make candles, finding and buying candle-making kits is easy. Candle-making is definitely enhanced by the exciting possibilities of experimentation with various materials. Be brave and try out different effects – some of the most wonderful creations can happen by accident. With a bit of practice, you will be amazed at the very professional finish that can be achieved.
Despite their delicate beauty, candles can, of course, be highly dangerous. One should never leave lit candles unattended, even for a few moments. Always make sure candles are securely placed within candleholders.
Teach your children to respect a burning candle, and of course keep burning candles away from flammable materials. Keep your home safe by remembering that a candle is magical, but fire can be very destructive. Be careful, and enjoy the beauty of your candles!
Question 44. According to the text, what is the importance of candles?
A. We need them in case there is an electric backout.
B. We gain a feeling of calm when they are lit in a room.
C. We light them to create a more romantic atmosphere.
D. We cannot do without them in our daily lives.
Question 45. Why dose the writer mention ancient Romans and Egyptians in the text?
A. to show that before making candles, we should learn their history
B. to show one of the ways candles were made in the past
C. to show how candles were invented
D. to show that candles have always been used
Question 46. Why was stearin used in candles?
A. It create a more colorful flame than tallow.
B. It covered up unpleasant smells in the air.
C. It was used to get rid of fat in the candles.
D. It helped make candles burn longer.
Question 47. According to the text, what dose the increase of candle sales illustrate?
A. People enjoy the calming effect that candles produce.
B. The variety of candles to choose from makes them more attractive.
C. People buy candles as gifts more often than they used to.
D. Candles are cheaper to buy now than they were in the past.
Question 48. According to the text, what is needed to succeed at candle-making?
A. a few years of practice
B. a lot of time and money
C. willingness to take risks
D. many expensive materials
Question 49. What dose the passage warn readers not to do?
A. burn candle without adult supervision
B. leave a room where a candle is burning
C. use unapproved ingredients in candles
D. burn candles for only a few minutes
Question 50. Which of the following best expresses the main idea of this passage?
A. Candle-making can be a successful business.
B. Candles are made from different types of material.
C. Candles continue to be a part of people’s lives.
D. Candle-making has changed little over the years.
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