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ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QUỐC GIA MÔN TIẾNG ANH

Đề số 7 - Đề thi thử THPT Quốc Gia môn Tiếng Anh

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Đáp án và lời giải chi tiết Đề số 7 - Đề thi thử THPT Quốc Gia môn Tiếng Anh

Đề bài

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.

Question 1:

A. begged                 B. dogged 

C. buttoned                 D. blamed

Question 2:

A. eventually            B. shore 

C. proficient                D. assure

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.

Question 3: By next Saturday, Tom ______ a whole month without smoking a cigarette.

A. will go                     B. will have gone  

C. has gone                 D. has been going

Question 4: The man _______ his car outside hasn’t come back for it yet.

A. whom he left          B. who he left

C. who left                  D. whose

Question 5: She agreed that all the present paperwork ______ for everyone to have more time to socialize.

A. stopping                 B. be stopped 

C. to stop                    D. stopped

Question 6: I would rather Jane ______ my brother so much money when he asked for. I know for sure that I will have to pay his debt.

A. not lend                  B. would not lend 

C. had not lent             D. did not lend

Question 7: You should take regular exercise _____ sitting in front of the television all day.

A. in spite of               B. instead of 

C. without                   D. even

Question 8: I think almost everyone has heard the news from her, ________?

A. have they                B. hasn't he

 C. haven't they            D. don't I

Question 9: I remember ______ him tomorrow. It will be a big sum of money I’ve been saving so far.

A. paying                    B. to pay

C. paid                        D. to be paid

Question 10: The lake had ice on it this morning. It ____ very cold last night.

A. must have gotten   

B. could have gotten

C. would have gotten

D. should have gotten

Question 11: The world-famous physicist and ______ Stephen Hawking published on important paper before he died at the age of 76.

A. cosmologist            B. cosmologic

C. cosmonaut              D. cosmology

Question 12: Because the waiter didn’t ______ what I ordered, he brought me a mutton steak instead of the chicken wings that I’d wanted.

A. call on                     B. stay up

C. take down               D. check in

Question 13: Italian TV has ______ a young composer to write an opera for the TV’s thirtieth anniversary.

A. appointed               B. ordered  

C. consulted                D. commissioned

Question 14: The acoustics in the concert hall were very poor and it was necessary to _____ performers’ voices.

A. increase                  B. exaggerate

C. extend                     D. amplify

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on you answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress in each of the following questions.

Question 15:

A. compile                    B. compose

C. compete                  D. complex

Question 16:

A. expectation              B. opportunity

C. temperament           D. decoration

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.

Question 17: American children customarily go trick-or-treating on Halloween.

A. inevitably               B. happily

C. traditionally            D. readily

Question 18: At every faculty meeting, Ms. Volatie always manages to put her foot in her mouth.

A. move rapidly

B. trip over her big feet

C. fall asleep

D. say the wrong thing

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions.

Question 19: He was able to finish his book. It was because his wife helped him.

A. If it weren’t for his wife’s help, he couldn’t have finished his book.

B. If only he had been able to finish his book.

C. Without his wife’s help, he couldn’t have finished his book.

D. But for his wife’s help, he couldn't finish his book.

Question 20: The weather was so dismal. They had to cancel the picnic immediately.

A. The weather was too dismal that the picnic was cancelled immediately.

B. The picnic would be cancelled immediately since the weather was dismal.

C. So dismal was the weather that they had to cancel the picnic immediately.

D. The weather was enough dismal for them to cancel the picnic immediately.

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the most suitable response to complete each of the following exchanges.

Question 21: Adela and Phuong are talking about her new friend.

Adela: “________?” – Phuong: He’s tall and thin with blue eyes.”

A. What does he look like

B. What is he like

C. How does he look like 

D. How is he like

Question 22: Fiana and Fallon are talking about the weather.

Fiana: “Isn’t it going to rain tonight?” – Fallon: “_________.”

A. Yes, it isn’t.            B. I hope not 

C. I don’t hope so       D. No, it is.

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions.

Question 23: Impressed as we were by the new cinema, we found it rather expensive.

A. We were not impressed by the new cinema at all because it looked rather expensive.

B. We weren’t as much impressed by the new cinema’s look as its cost.

C. The new cinema was more expensive than we expected.

D. We were very impressed by the new cinema, but found it rather expensive.

Question 24: She said she would go to the police unless she was given her money back.

A. She went to the police because she hadn't got her money back.

B. She wasn’t given her money back because she had gone to the police.

C. She was given her money back and then went to the police.

D. She hasn't yet got her money back or gone to the police.

Question 25: As television programmes become more popular, they seem to get worse.

A. The more popular television programmes become, the worse they seem.

B. The most popular television programmes become, the worse they seem.

C. The popular television programmes, the worse they seem.

D. The more popular become television programmes, the worse they seem.

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions

Millions of people tune into the weather forecast each evening on television. Most of them imagine that the presenter does little more than arrive at the studio a few minutes before the broadcast, read the weather, and then go home. In fact, this image is far from the truth. The two-minute bulletin which we all rely on when we need to know tomorrow's weather is the result of a hard day's work by the presenter, who is actually a highly-qualified meteorologist. Every morning after arriving at the TV studios, the first task of the day is to collect the latest data from the National Meteorological Office. This office provides up-to-the-minute information about weather conditions throughout the day, both in Britain and around the world. The information is very detailed and includes predictions, satellite and radar pictures, as well as more technical data. After gathering all the relevant material from this office, the forecaster has to translate the scientific terminology and maps into images and words which viewers can easily understand. The final broadcast is then carefully planned. It is prepared in the same way as other programmes. The presenter decides what to say and in what order to say it. Next a "story board" is drawn up which lays out the script word for word. What makes a weather fore­cast more complicated than other programmes are the maps and electronic images which are required. The computer has to be programmed so that the pictures appear in the cor­rect order during the bulletin.

The time allocated for each broadcast can also alter. This is because the weather re­port is screened after the news, which can vary in length. The weather forecaster doesn't always know how much time is available, which means that he/she has to be thoroughly prepared so that the material can be adapted to the time available. Another related complication is that the weather forecast has to be a live broadcast; it cannot be pre-recorded. Live shows are very nerve-racking for the presenter because almost anything can go wrong. Perhaps the most worrying aspect for every weather fore­caster is getting the following day's predictions wrong. Unfortunately for them, this is not an unusual occurrence; the weather is not always possible to predict accurately. The weather is a national obsession in Britain, perhaps because it is so changeable. It’s the national talking point, and most people watch at least one day bulletin. It can be mortifying for a weather man or woman who has predicted rain for the morning to wake up to brilliant sunshine.

This day, a weather forecaster’s job is even more complicated because they are relied upon to predict other environmental conditions. For example, in the summer the weather forecast has to include reports on ultraviolet radiation intensity to help people avoid sunburn. The job of a weather forecaster is certainly far more complicated than just pointing at a map and describing weather conditions. It's a job for professionals who can cope with stressful and demanding conditions.

Question 26: What perception do most people have of weather forecasters?

A. They have many qualifications.

B. They do a hard day’s work at the studio.

C. They work very short hours. 

D. They always tell the truth.

Question 27:  Meteorologists get their information from

A. the TV studio.

B. the country’s main weather centre.

C. satellite and radar information. 

D. their office.

Question 28: Creating a weather forecast is complex because

A. maps have to be drawn. 

B. a lot of data has to be interpreted.

C. radar pictures are technical.

D. the information includes unreliable predictions.

Question 29:  The computer has to be carefully programmed

A. so that the visuals are sequenced correctly.

B. so that the script is visible to the presenter.

C. because the script has to be written on a story board.

D. because electronic maps are used.

Question 30:  Weather forecasters have to know the material well because

A. the broadcast is pre-recorded.

B. the forecast may be incorporated into the news broadcast.

C. the content of the report may have to change.

D. the length of the report may have to change.

Question 31:  What does “this” in paragraph 2 refer to?

A. The weather forecaster’s worry. 

B. Reading the weather live.

C. Giving a forecast that doesn't come true. 

D. An accurate prediction

Question 32:  In Britain, people’s attitude to the weather

A. is not changeable.

B. makes it a top discussion topic.

C. depends on the prediction being for a sunny or rainy day.

D. is a national problem.

Question 33: Nowadays, weather forecasters have to                      

A. do experiments to determine the pollen count.

B. simply point at map and describe weather conditions

C. cope with professionals. 

D. be able to cope under pressure

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.

Question 34: One of the reasons why families break up is that parents are always critical of each other

A. supportive              B. tired

C. intolerant                D. unaware

Question 35: My uncle, who is an accomplished guitarist, taught me how to play.

A. ill-educated             B. qualified

C. unskilled                 D. unimpaired

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the best option for each of the blanks.

YOGA

Yoga is one of the most ancient forms of exercise, originating in India 5000 years ago. Yoga has taken several years to become recognised world-wide, although recently, much more attention has been (36)______ to it because of the ways in which it can benefit health. Yoga can be practised by anyone, at any age, in any physical condition, depending on physical needs. For example, athletes and dancers can practise it to (37)______  their energy and to improve stamina; executives to give a much needed (38)______ to their overworked minds; children to improve their memory and concentration.

It's a good idea to (39)______  with a doctor first if you've suffered from any type of injury. None of the exercises should (40)______  you any pain, but it's best to start slowly at first. The best time to practise is either in the morning or in the evening. Beginners find it easier in the evening when the body is more supple.

Question 36:

A. put                        B. paid

C. allowed                 D. provided

Question 37:

A. receive                      B. return

C. realize                       D. restore

Question 38:

A. interruption              B. pause 

C. interval                     D. break

Question 39:

A. see                          B. check 

C. control                     D. call

Question 40:

A. make              B. do

C. cause             D. result

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to show the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions.

Question 41: Prevented (A) the soil from erosion, the trees planted by the fanner many years before (B) were what (C) stopped the flood from reaching (D) his house.

Question 42: The medical problems of parents and their (A) children tend to (B) be very similar to (C) because of (D) the hereditary nature of many diseases.

Question 43: Neither of the two candidates who (A) had applied (B) for admission to (C) the Industrial Engineering Department were (D) eligible for admission.

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to Indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.

There is a wide range of organisms by their population whose lives mostly depend on how they hunt or are hunted. And most living organisms have some way of protecting themselves from natural predators. Some mammals, like the platypus, carry internal toxins to transmit to predators via biting or other means, and some plants protect themselves by being poisonous. The African crested rat was originally thought to be poisonous because predators that tried to eat it often became paralyzed. But scientists have recently learned that's not actually the case.

The crested rat chews on the poisonous bark of a certain tree, and then smears the chewed-up substance onto its fur, where a strip of special quill-like hairs soaks up the poisonous mixture. Though similar to a porcupine's, the quills do differ: whereas the porcupine defends itself by poking predators, the African rat uses its quill-like hairs to deliver poison to them. When a predator comes after it, instead of running away, the rat stays put and parts its hair to reveal the strip of fur on its back where the poison is being stored. That raised strip is the first thing that receives a bite, and the poison inside disables the predator. These hair tubes are unusual. In fact, scientists do not know of another animal that uses plant poison in this way.

Scientists are puzzled that the rat doesn't appear to be affected by the poison. Because it affects heartbeat regulation, understanding how the rat can keep its heart rate regulated effectively while using the poison could help scientists develop new medicines for people with heart trouble. And they hope that those suffering from heart diseases will benefit from this.

Question 44: What is the main purpose of the passage?

A. To show how animals can affect plant life.          

B. To compare one animal to other similar ones.

C. To emphasize the dangers of researching animals.

D. To discuss an unusual animal defense technique.

Question 45: In paragraph 1, why does the author mention the platypus?

A. To illustrate that mammals may eat poisonous plants.

B. To give an example of a mammal that uses poison.

C. To show how it differs from the crested rat.

D. To explain that the platypus is at risk.

Question 46: The word “paralyzed” in paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to

A. disabled                   B. unaffected

C. inaccessible             D. undecided

Question 47: In paragraph 2,  what does the word “them” refer to?

A. predators                B. porcupines

C. crested rats             D. quill-like hairs

Question 48: The word “defends” in paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to  

A. encourages             B. protects 

C. feeds                       D. pretends

Question 49: What are scientists surprised by?

A. How toxic plant poison can be.

B. How useful plant toxins can be.

C. How quickly rats learn new behavior.

D. That the rats are protected from the poison.

Question 50: What would scientists like to investigate further?

A. Medicine used to counteract poison.

B. Other animals like the crested rat.

C. Health effects of a chemical.  

D. Rats with unhealthy hearts.           

Lời giải chi tiết

1

2

3

4

5

B

A

B

C

D

6

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9

10

C

B

C

B

A

11

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A

C

D

A

D

16

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C

C

D

C

C

21

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25

A

B

D

D

A

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30

C

B

B

A

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C

D

D

A

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36

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40

B

D

D

B

C

41

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45

A

C

C

D

B

46

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49

50

A

A

B

D

D

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