Đáp án và lời giải chi tiết Đề số 11 - Đề thi thử THPT Quốc Gia môn Tiếng Anh
Part 1: Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.
A. finished B. promised
C. escaped D. followed
A. gossip B. gentle
C. gamble D. garage
Part 2: Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress in each of the following questions.
A. solidarity B. effectively
C. documentary D. dedication
A. emerge B. organic
C. belief D. medium
Part 3: Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.
Question 5. The world work is developing very quickly. If you don’t self-learn continuously, we will not_____social movements.
A. put up with B. keep up with
C. get on with D. deal with
Question 6. She ______ on her computer for more than two hours when she decided to stop for a rest.
A. has worked
B. has been working
C. was working
D. had been working
Question 7. The teacher recommended that Tom______his composition as soon as possible.
A. finish writing
B. finished writing
C. should finish to write
D. finishes writing
Question 8. He has been waiting for this letter for days, and at_______it has come.
A. the end B. last
C. the moment D. present
Question 9. I’m sorry I haven’t got any money. I’ve______my wallet at home.
A. missed B. let
C. left D. forgotten
Question 10. There’s a list of repairs as long as_______.
A. your arm B. a pole
C. your arms D. a mile
Question 11. I tried to talk to her, but she was as high as a______.
A. kite B. house
C. sky D. wall
Question 12. Not only______to determine the depth of the ocean floor, but it is also used to locate oil.
A. seismology is used
B. using seismology
C. is seismology used
D. to use seismology
Question 13. ______advised on what and how to prepare for the interview, he might have got the job.
A. Had he been
B. If he had
C. Unless he had been
D. Were he to be
Question 14. The jury_____her compliments______her excellent knowledge of the subject.
A. returned/ to B. paid/ to
C. returned/ on D. paid / on
Question 15. Determining the mineral content of soil samples is an exacting process; ______,experts must perform detail tests to analyze soil specimens.
A. therefore B. afterward
C. so that D. however
Question 16. John lost the______bicycle he bought last week and his parents were very angry with him because of his carelessness.
A. new beautiful blue Japanses
B. beautiful blue Japanese new
C. beautiful new blue Japanese
D. Japanese beautiful new blue
Part 4: Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions.
Question 17. Miranda still has (A) trauma from the tragic (B) accident, that (C) took away her closest (D) friend.
Question 18. The office furniture that (A) was ordered last month have just arrived (B) , but we’re not sure whether (C) the manager likes (D) it.
Question 19. Don’t go (A) up to your hotel room because (B) the maid is making the beds, cleaning (C) the bathroom, and vacuum (D) the carpet.
Part 5: Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Question 20. After many years of unsuccessfully endeavoring to form his own orchestra, Glenn Miller finally achieved world fame in 1939 as a big band leader.
A. offering B. deciding
C. requesting D. trying
Question 21. My uncle, who is an accomplished guitarist, taught me how to play.
A. skillful B. perfect
C. modest D. famous
Part 6: Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Question 22. The Red Cross is an international humanitarian agency dedicated to reducing the sufferings of wounded soldiers, civilians and prisoners of war.
A. happiness B. loss
C. sadness D. pain and sorrow
Question 23. They are launching a campaign to promote awareness of environmental issues.
A. encourage B. publicize
C. hinder D. strengthen
Part 7: Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the most suitable response to complete each of the following exchanges.
Question 24. – “I passed the TOEFL test, Mom.” – “_______.”
A. All right B. Well done
C. Good luck D. Thank you
Question 25. - Roger: “Wow! You look terrific in that new dress!” - Tina: “________”
A. Oh, what a pity!
B. I’m afraid so!
C. Thank you. I’m glad you think so.
D. Why dare you say so?
Part 8: Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions.
Question 26. When the unemployment rale is high, the crime rate is usually also high.
A. The unemployment rate is as high as the crime rate.
B. The high rate of unemployment depends on the high rate of crime.
C. The higher the unemployment rate is, the higher the crime rate is.
D. The unemployment rate and crime rate are both higher.
Question 27. You will get a rise in salary after six months.
A. Your salary will be risen after you work six months
B. After six months your salary will be raised.
C. You'll get your salary after six months' work.
D. After six month your salary will be raised.
Question 28. The captain said to his men: “Abandon the ship immediately!”
A. The captain ordered his men to abandon the ship immediately.
B. The captain threatened his men to abandon the ship immediately.
C. The captain invited his men to abandon the ship immediately.
D. The captain suggested his men abandon the ship immediately.
Part 9: Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions.
Question 29. Mr.Smith is a professor. His car was stolen yesterday.
A. His car was stolen yesterday, he is a professor.
B. Mr.Smith, who his car was stolen yesterday, is a professor.
C. Mr.Smith, who is a professor, his car was stolen yesterday.
D. Mr.Smith, whose car was stolen yesterday, is a professor.
Question 30. I never received the letter. It was sent to the wrong address.
A. Since it was sent to the wrong address, I have never received the letter.
B. I never received the letter because it was sent to the wrong address.
C. I never received the letter because of sending to the wrong address.
D. Sent to wrong address, I never received the letter.
Part 10: Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks
New cycling schemes
The County Council has decided to give a higher (31)______ to cycling and agreed a new strategy to guide the way ahead in East Sussex.
Cycling is a (32) ______, healthy and environmentally friendly form of transport. It is (33) ______ to make it safer, more convenient, and to increase the proportion of journeys made by bicycle.
Cycling is being encouraged both for utility purposes (such as journeys to work, school and the shops) and for recreation trips for exercise and enjoyment, including longer trips by tour. Recent cycle schemes carried out in conjunction with District Councils and other bodies (34) ______ the Brighton and Hove seafront route and the Cross Levels Way cycle route, in Eastbourne.
Local people will be consulted as the strategy is implemented. The County council will work with local cycling and other groups, and a countrywide Cycling Forum will be formed to (35) ______ that all bodies concerned with cycling are in regular (36) ______ .
The (37) ______ of the Cycling strategy are given in a leaflet, and a copy of the full strategy document can be seen in County Council Public Libraries.
A. advantage B. benefit
C. priority D. income
A. low-cost B. dangerous
C. shortcut D. high-speed
A. written B. convinced
C. spoken D. intended
A. consist B. include
C. improve D. participate
A. improve B. ensure
C. maintain D. assert
A. basis B. touch
C. contact D. account
A. rights B. cyclists
C. objectives D. vehicles
Part 11: Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions
The days of the camera-toting tourist may be numbered. Insensitive travelers are being ordered to stop pointing their cameras and camcorders at reluctant local residents. Tour companies selling expensive trips to remote corners of the world, off the well-trodden path of the average tourist, have become increasingly irritated at the sight of the visitors upsetting locals. Now one such operator plans to ban clients from taking any photographic equipment on holidays. Julian Mathews is the director of Discovery Initiatives, a company that is working hand-in-hand with other organizations to offer holidays combining high adventure with working on environmental projects. His trips are not cheap; two weeks of white-water rafting and monitoring wildlife in Canada cost several thousand pounds.
Matthews says he is providing 'holidays without guilt', insisting that Discovery Initiatives is not a tour operator but an environmental support company. Clients are referred to as 'participants' or 'ambassadors'. 'We see ourselves as the next step on from eco-tourism, which is merely a passive form. of sensitive travel - our approach is more proactive.'
However, says Matthews, there is a price to pay. 'I am planning to introduce tours with a total ban on cameras and camcorders because of the damage they do to our relationships with local people. I have seen some horrendous things, such as a group of six tourists arriving at a remote village in the South American jungle, each with a video camera attached to their face. That sort of thing tears me up inside. Would you like somebody to come into your home and take a photo of you cooking? A camera is like a weapon; it puts up a barrier and you lose all the communication that comes through body language, which effectively means that the host communities are denied access to the so-called cultural exchange.'
Matthews started organizing environmental holidays after a scientific expedition for young people. He subsequently founded Discovery Expeditions, which has helped support 13 projects worldwide. With the launch of Discovery Initiatives, he is placing a greater emphasis on adventure and fun, omitting in the brochure all references to scientific research. But his rules of conduct are strict. 'In some parts of the world, for instance, I tell people they should wear long trousers, not shorts, and wear a tie, when eating out. It may sound dictatorial, but I find one has a better experience if one is well dressed. I don't understand why people dress down when they go to other countries.'
Matthews' views reflect a growing unease among some tour companies at the increasingly cavalier behaviour of well-heeled tourists. Chris Parrott, of Journey Latin America, says: 'We tell our clients that indigenous people are often shy about being photographed, but we certainly don't tell them not to take a camera. If they take pictures without asking, they may have tomatoes thrown at them.' He also reports that increasing numbers of clients are taking camcorders and pointing them indiscriminately at locals. He says: 'People with camcorders tend to be more intrusive than those with cameras, but there is a payoff - the people they are filming get a tremendous thrill from seeing themselves played back on the viewfinder.'
Crispin Jones, of Exodus, the overland truck specialist, says: 'We don't have a policy but, should cameras cause offence, our tour leaders will make it quite clear that they cannot be used. Clients tend to do what they are told.
Earthwatch, which pioneered the concept of proactive eco-tourism by sending paying volunteers to work on scientific projects around the world, does not ban cameras, but operates strict rules on their use. Ed Wilson, the marketing director of the company, says: 'We try to impress on people the common courtesy of getting permission before using their cameras, and one would hope that every tour operator would do the same. People have to be not only environmentally aware but also culturally aware. Some people use the camera as a barrier; it allows them to distance themselves from the reality of what they see. I would like to see tourists putting their cameras away for once, rather than trying to record everything they see.'
Question 38. The word ‘indigenous’ in paragraph 5 is closest in meaning to
A. timid B. native
C. ignorant D. impoverished
Question 39. Which of the following does Chris Parrott believe?
A. Local people may react angrily towards tourists who use cameras
B. Tourists are becoming more sensitive about their use of cameras.
C. Camcorders always cause more trouble with local people than cameras
D. Tourists are unlikely to agree to travel without their cameras.
Question 40. In the first paragraph we learn that Discovery Initiatives
A. organizes trips to places where few tourists go
B. offers trips that no other tour company offers
C. has decided to respond to its customers’ complaints
D. has already succeeded in changing the kind of tourist it attracts
Question 41. Which of the following best summarizes the view of Earthwatch?
A. There are more problems concerning the use of cameras these days.
B. Cameras enable people to be detached from places they visit.
C. Too many tour operators ignore the problems caused by cameras.
D. Most tourists realize when they have caused offence to local people.
Question 42. The word ‘courtesy’ in the last paragraph is closest in meaning to
A. dignity B. politeness
C. nobility D. elite
Question 43. What does Matthews say in paragraph 3 about cameras and camcorders?
A. They prevent local people from learning about other societies.
B. They encourage holidaymakers to behave unpredictably.
C. They discourage holidaymakers from intruding on local people.
D. They give local people a false impression of holidaymakers.
Question 44. What is Matthews keen for clients to realize?
A. that the brochure does not contain all the information they need.
B. that certain behavior may spoil their enjoyment of a trip.
C. that it is likely that they will not be allowed in certain places.
D. that they may find certain local customs rather surprising.
Part 12: Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.
Biological diversity has become widely recognized as a critical conservation issue only in the past two decades. The rapid destruction of the tropical rain forests, which are the ecosystems with the highest known species diversity on Earth, has awakened people to the importance and fragility of biological diversity. The high rate of species extinctions in these environments is jolting, but it is important to recognize the significance of biological diversity in all ecosystems. As the human population continues to expand, it will negatively affect one after another of Earth’s ecosystems. In terrestrial ecosystems and in fringe marine ecosystems (such as wetlands), the most common problem is habitat destruction. In most situations, the result is irreversible. Now humans are beginning to destroy marine ecosystems through other types of activities, such as disposal and runoff of poisonous waste; in less than two centuries, by significantly reducing the variety of species on Earth, they have irrevocably redirected the course of evolution.
Certainly, there have been periods in Earth’s history when mass extinctions have occurred. The extinction of the dinosaurs was caused by some physical event, either climatic or cosmic. There have also been less dramatic extinctions, as when natural competition between species reached an extreme conclusion. Only 0.01 percent of the species that have lived on Earth have survived to the present, and it was largely chance that determined which species survived and which died out.
However, nothing has ever equaled the magnitude and speed with which the human species is altering the physical and chemical world and demolishing the environment. In fact, there is wide agreement that it is the rate of change humans are inflicting, even more than the changes themselves, that will lead to biological devastation. Life on Earth has continually been in flux as slow physical and chemical changes have occurred on Earth, but life needs time to adapt-time for migration and genetic adaptation within existing species and time for the proliferation of new genetic material and new species that may be able to survive in new environments.
Question 45. What does the passage mainly discuss?
A. The cause of the extinction of the dinosaurs
B. The variety of species found in tropical rain forests
C. The time required for species to adapt to new environments
D. The impact of human activities on Earth’s ecosystems
Question 46. The word “critical” is closest in meaning to
A. complicated B. interesting
C. negative D. essential
Question 47. The author mentions the extinction of the dinosaurs in the 2nd paragraph to emphasize that
A. the cause of the dinosaurs’ extinction is unknown
B. actions by humans could not stop the irreversible process of a species’ extinction
C. not all mass extinctions have been caused by human activity
D. Earth’s climate has changed significantly since the dinosaurs’extinction
Question 48. The word “jolting” is closest in meaning to
A. shocking B. unknown
C. illuminating D. predicted
Question 49. The author mentions all of the following as examples of the effect of humans on the world’s ecosystems EXCEPT
A. habitat destruction in wetlands
B. the introduction of new varieties of plant species
C. damage to marine ecosystems
D. destruction of the tropical rain forests
Question 50. With which of the following statements would the author be most likely to agree?
A. Human influence on ecosystems should not be a factor in determining public policy.
B. Humans should be more conscious of the influence they have on ecosystems.
C. The extinction of a few species is an acceptable consequence of human progress.
D. Technology will provide solutions to problems caused by the destruction of ecosystems.
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