Đáp án và lời giải chi tiết Đề số 28 - Đề thi thử THPT Quốc Gia môn Tiếng Anh
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that need correction in each of the following questions
Question 1: Many hundred years ago (A), there were (B) many villages and little (C) towns in (D) England.
Question 2: Alike (A) light waves (B), microwaves may be (C) reflected and concentrated (D) elements.
Question 3: Many successful (A) film directions (B) are former (C) actors who desire to expand (D) their experience in the film industry.
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.
Although the “lie detectors” are being used by governments, police departments, and businesses that all want guaranteed ways of detecting the truth, the results are not always accurate. Lie detectors are properly called emotion detectors, for their aim is to measure bodily changes that contradict what a person says. The polygraph machine records changes in heart rate, breathing, blood pressure, and the electrical activity of the skin (galvanic skin response, or GSR). In the first part of the polygraph test, you are electronically connected to the machine and asked a few neutral questions (“What is your name?”, “Where do you live?”). Your physical reactions serve as the standard (baseline) for evaluating what comes next. Then you are asked a few critical questions among the neutral ones (“When did you rob the bank?”). The assumption is that if you are guilty, your body will reveal the truth, even if you try to deny it. Your heart rate, respiration, and GSR will change abruptly as you respond to the incriminating questions.
That is the theory; but psychologists have found that lie detectors are simply not reliable. Since most physical changes are the same across all emotions, machines cannot tell whether you are feeling guilty, angry, nervous, thrilled, or revved up form an exciting day. Innocent people may be tense and nervous about the whole procedure. They may react physiologically to a certain word (“bank”) not because they robbed it, but because they recently bounced a check. In either case the machine will record a “lie”. The reverse mistake is also common. Some practiced liars can lie without flinching, and others learn to beat the machine by tensing muscles or thinking about an exciting experience during neutral questions.
Question 4: What is the main idea of this passage?
A. Lie detectors distinguish different emotions
B. Physical reaction reveal guilty
C. Lie detectors make innocent people nervous
D. How lie detectors are used and their reliability
Question 5: According to the test, polygraph ________.
A. measure a person’s thoughts
B. always reveal the truth about a person
C. make guilty people angry
D. record a person’s physical reactions
Question 6: According to the passage, what kind of questions is asked on the first part of the polygraph test?
Question 7: The word “ones” in paragraph 1 refers to ______.
Question 8: The word “it” in paragraph 1 refers to ______.
A. the question
B. your body
C. the assumption
D. the truth
Question 9: The word “assumption” in paragraph 1 could best be replaced with _____.
A. belief B. faith
C. statement D. imagining
Question 10: This passage was probably written by a specialist in _____.
C. criminal psychology
D. mind reading
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to the following questions
Question 11: The 26th Annual Meeting of the Asia-Pacific Parliamentary Forum (APPF) ______ in Hanoi, our beautiful and peaceful capital city, from January 18th to 21st, 2018
A. was held B. is held
C. is being held D. will be held
Question 12: The Meeting of Women Parliamentarians, a part of APPF-26, contributed to strengthening the presence and ______ of women parliamentarians and helping to forge a network connecting them together.
Question 13: National Assembly Chairwoman Nguyen Thi Kim Ngan said that ______, a large number of women and girls in various areas in the world are being discriminated and subjected to violence.
A. though positive outcomes in gender equality and women empowerment
B. despite of positive outcomes in gender equality and women empowerment
C. in spite positive outcomes in gender equality and women empowerment
D. in spite of positive outcomes in gender equality and women empowerment
Question 14: In the quarter-final showdown with Malaysia, Cho Jae-wan (Korea Republic) wrote himself into the history books when he found the back of the net just 11.35 seconds into the game – the second ______ goal in any AFC tournament.
Question 15: Bob was absent; he _____ sick again.
A. shouldn’t have been
B. mustn’t have been
C. must have been
D. should have been
Question 16: Could you ______ me a lift into town?
A. give B. get
C. do D. make
Question 17: The lack of family support and the committee’s concerns around the design of the proposed statue of the former British Prime Minister, Margaret Thatcher, outside UK Parliament were the key determining factors in ________ this application.
A. breaking up
B. turning down
C. taking off
D. putting up
Question 18: I think we’ve come in for a lot of _____ about the impatience of some shop assistants.
Question 19: Britain’s Prime Minister Theresa May was the first world leader ______ Trump at the White House after his inauguration last year.
D. to visit
Question 20: South African anti-apartheid veteran Winnie Madikizela-Mandela, ex-wife of late President Nelson Mandela, _______ in and out of hospital since 2016 for back and knee surgery.
A. has been being
B. has been
D. had been
Question 21: Vietnam reached the semi-finals of the AFC U23 Championship 2018 with a penalty shootout win _________ Iraq on Saturday, January 20th , 2018.
A. over B. with
C. against D. in
Question 22: He opened the letter without ______ to read the address on the envelope.
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.
Pollution is a threat to many species on Earth, but sometimes it can cause species to thrive. Such is the case with Pfiesteria piscicida. A one-celled creature called a dinoflagellate, Pfiesteria inhabits warm coastal areas and river mouths, especially along the eastern United States. Although scientists have found evidence of Pfiesteria in 3,000-year-old sea floor sediments and dinoflagellates are thought to be one of the oldest life forms on earth, few people took notice of Pfiesteria.
Lately, however, blooms – or huge, dense populations – of Pfiesteria are appearing in coastal waters, and in such large concentrations the dinoflagellates become ruthless killers. The blooms emit powerful toxins that weaken and entrap fish that swim into the area. The toxins eventually cause the fish to develop large bleeding sores through which the tiny creatures attack, feasting on blood and flesh. Often the damage is astounding. During a 1991 fish kill, which was blamed on Pfiesteria on North Carolina’s Neuse River, nearly one billion fish died and bulldozers had to be brought in to clear the remains from the river. Of course, such events can have a devastating effect on commercially important fish, but that is just one way that Pfiesteria causes problems. The toxins it emits affect human skin in much the same way as they affect fish skin. Additionally, fisherman and others who have spent time near Pfiesteria blooms report that the toxins seem to get into the air, where once inhaled they affect the nervous system, causing severe headaches, blurred vision, nausea, breathing difficulty, short-term memory loss and even cognitive impairment.
For a while, it seemed that deadly Pfiesteria blooms were a threat only to North Carolina waters, but the problem seems to be spreading. More and more, conditions along the east coast seem to be favorable for Pfiesteria. Researchers suspect that pollutants such as animal waste from livestock operations, fertilizers washed from farmlands and waste water from mining operations have probably all combined to promote the growth of Pfiesteria in coastal waters.
Question 23: What is true of Pfiesteria?
A. It seems to flourish in the presence of certain pollutants
B. It has been a menace to fish and humans for over 3000 years.
C. It is the oldest life form on earth
D. In large concentrations, it poses a threat to fish but not to humans.
Question 24: What is the main function of the toxins emitted by the dinoflagellates?
A. They are quick-acting poisons that kill fish within minutes.
B. They weaken the fish just long enough for the tiny creatures to attack
C. They damage the nervous system of potential predators.
D. They cause fish to develop wounds on which creatures feed.
Question 25: The word “astounding” in the passage is closest in meaning to _______.
Question 26: What were bulldozers used for in the Neuse River?
A. cleaning up the sediment at the bottom of the river
B. excavating holes to bury the dead fish
C. scooping up the vast number of dead fish in the water
D. removing the huge amount of Pfiesteria from the river
Question 27: According to the paragraph 2, what will NOT happen if one breathes the toxic air?
B. visual impairments
C. circulatory difficulty
D. terrible headaches
Question 28: What is especially worrying about Pfiesteria blooms?
A. Conditions are becoming increasingly favourable for their spread
B. They are fatal to humans who come in contact with them
C. They have devastated the fishing industry in U.S coastal waters
D. Researchers have no idea as to exactly what causes them
Question 29: All of the following are true, according to the passage, EXCEPT _____
A. Pfiesteria caused the death of about one billion fish in the late 1990s
B. animal and chemical waste from farmlands, livestock and mining operations may contribute to the expansion of Pfiesteria
C. Pfiesteria was not commonly noticed despite scientific findings
D. the toxic subtances emitted by Pfiesteria have a similar effect on human and fish skins
Question 30: In which environment would you NOT expect a Pfiesteria bloom to develop?
A. a marsh which absorbs waste water from a nearby pig farm
B. a river located near a rock quarry
C. a cool mountain lake teeming with fish
D. a river that flows through rich farmland
240735 Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of the primary stress in each of the following questions
A. author B. electronics
C. exercise D. candidate
A. maintain B. disturb
C. offer D. announcement
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions
Question 33: No vehicle weighing over 3.5 tons is allowed on this bridge, according to traffic signs placed at both ends of the structure
A. corruption B. construction
C. connection D. confusion
Question 34: The use of lasers in surgery has become relatively commonplace in recent years.
A. comparatively B. absolutely
C. relevantly D. almost
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions
Question 35: The Ministry of Education and training of Vietnam has declared a decree on the new educational program paving the way for foreign educational co-operation and investment.
A. initiating B. creating
C. ending D. forming
Question 36: If we use robots instead of humans, many people may be out of work
A. employed B. jobless
C. inemployed D. unemployed
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions.
Question 37: I have never listened to jazz music before
A. This is the first jazz music I listen to
B. This is the first time I listen to jazz music
C. This is the first time I have listened to jazz music
D. This is the first time I listened to jazz music
Question 38: Noisy as the hotel was, they stayed there.
A. Much as the hotel was noisy, they stayed there
B. In spite of the noisy hotel and they liked it
C. Despite the hotel was noisy, they stayed there
D. Although the noisy hotel, they stayed there
Question 39: “I’ll let you know the answer by the end of this week”, Tom said to Janet
A. Tom offered to give Janet the answer by the end of the week
B. Tom promised to give Janet the answer by the end of the week
C. Tom suggested giving Janet the answer by the end of the week
D. Tom insisted on letting Janet know the answer by the end of the week
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions
A. major B. native
C. sailor D. applicant
A. circles B. symptoms
C. areas D. complaints
Read the passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the blanks
It can take a long time to become successful in your chosen field, however talented you are. One thing you have to be aware of is that you will face criticism along the way. The world is full of people who would rather say something negative than positive. If you’ve made up your (42) ______ to achieve a certain goal, such as writing a novel, don’t let the negative criticism of others prevent you from reaching your target, and let the constructive criticism have a positive effect on your work. If someone says you’re totally in the (43)_______ of talent, ignore them. That’s negative criticism. If, (44)________, someone advises you to revise your work and gives you a good reason for doing so, you should consider their suggestions carefully. There are many film stars who were once out of work . There are many famous novelists who made a complete mess of their first novel – or who didn’t, but had to keep on approaching hundreds of publishers before they could get it (45)_______. Being successful does depend on luck, to a certain extent. But things are more likely to (46)_______ well if you persevere and stay positive.
A. thought B. mind
C. idea D. brain
A. absentee B. missing
C. lack D. shortage
A. hence B. however
C. whereas D. otherwise
A. publishes B. published
C. to publish D. publish
A. deal with B. turn out
C. sail through D. come into
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the most suitable response to complete each of the following exchanges.
Question 47: Mai and Lan are talking about Mai’s new house.
- Lan: “What a lovely house you have!”
- Mai: “_________”
A. I’m glad you like it. Thanks.
B. Thanks. It must be very expensive.
C. You’re welcome
Question 48: Lora is talking to Maria about her failure at applying for a job.
- Lora: “______”
- Maria: “Never mind, better luck next time”
A. I have a lot on my mind.
B. I’ve broken your precious vase.
C. I couldn’t keep my mind on work.
D. I didn’t get the vacant position.
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions
Question 49: Vietnam defeated Qatar in AFC U23 Championship semifinal. It marked a new episode in Vietnam’s football history.
A. Vietnam defeated Qatar in AFC U23 Championship semifinal and marked a new episode in Vietnam’s football history.
B. Vietnam defeated Qatar in AFC U23 Championship semifinal that it marked a new episode in Vietnam’s football history.
C. Vietnam defeated Qatar in AFC U23 Championship semifinal then it marked a new episode in Vietnam’s football history.
D. Vietnam defeated Qatar in AFC U23 Championship semifinal, which marked a new episode in Vietnam’s football history.
Question 50: They didn’t have the right visas. They couldn’t legally re-enter Thailand.
A. If they had had the right visas, they could have re-entered Thailand legally.
B. Had they had the right visas, they couldn’t re-entered Thailand legally.
C. Were they to have the right visas, they could re-entered Thailand legally.
D. If they had the right visas, they could re-entere Thailand legally.
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