Đáp án và lời giải chi tiết Đề số 24 - Đề thi thử THPT Quốc Gia môn Tiếng Anh
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.
A. hear B. pear
C. clear D. near
A. attacked B. stopped
C. decided D. searched
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress in each of the following questions.
A. individual B. reputation
C. experience D. scientific
A. improve B. possible
C. comfortable D. realize
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.
Question 5: Caffeine is very ______, which is why people drink so much coffee.
A. addicting B. addictive
C. addicted D. addiction
Question 6: Tom seldom drinks coffee, ______?
A. does he B. does Tom
C. doesn’t he D. doesn’t Tom
Question 7: The diagrams ______ by young Faraday were sent to Sir Humphrey Davy at the end of the year 1812.
A. which made B. made
C. making D. were made
Question 8: Someone is going to have to take responsibility for this disaster. Who is going to ______?
A. foot the bill
B. carry the can
C. hatch the chicken
D. catch the worms
Question 9: What noisy neighbors you’ve got! If my neighbors ______ as bad as yours, I ______ crazy.
A. are / will go
B. were / would go
C. had been / would have gone
D. are / would go
Question 10: Apart from those three very cold weeks in January, it has been a very ______ winter.
A. pale B. mild
C. calm D. plain
Question 11: The ______ of toothpaste are located in the health and beauty section of the supermarket.
A. quarts B. pints
C. tubes D. sticks
Question 12: If orders keep coming in like this, I'll have to ______ more staff.
A. give up B. add in
C. gain on D. take on
Question 13: You ______ for me; I could have found the way all right.
A. don’t have to wait
B. needn’t have waited
C. could have waited
D. didn’t need to wait
Question 14: We've had to postpone ______ to France because the children are ill.
A. be gone B. to go
C. going D. go
Question 15: In today’s paper, it ______ that there will be a new government soon.
A. writes B. tells
C. states D. records
Question 16: His clothes are in a mess because he ______ the house all morning.
A. will have painted
B. will be painting
C. has been painting
D. had been painting
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Question 17: When the police arrived the thieves took to flight leaving all the stolen things behind.
A. did away B. climbed on
C. took away D. ran away
Question 18: Please, you are so nervous, do try to contain your anger.
A. hold back B. consult
C. consume D. contact
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Question 19: I didn't take a deliberate decision to lose weight. It just happened.
A. calculated B. planned
C. accidental D. intentional
Question 20: The position fell vacant when Rodman was promoted.
A. bright B. obscure
C. worthless D. occupied
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best completes each of the following exchanges.
Question 21: Jane and Suzie are talking after school.
Tom: “I’m awfully sorry I can’t go with you.”
Mary: “______? Haven’t you agreed?”
A. Why do you think B. How come
C. What is it D. Why don’t you
Question 22: Peter and Mike are talking during a class break.
Peter: “What are you doing this weekend?”
A. I’m very busy now
B. I plan to visit my aunt
C. I think it will be interesting
D. I hope it isn’t raining
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks from 23 to 27.
A 16-year-old girl from Essex has been sacked after describing her job as boring on the social networking website, Facebook. The teenager, who had been working (23) _____ an administrative assistant at a marketing company for just three weeks, didn’t feel very enthusiastic about the duties she was asked to do. (24) _____ of moaning to her friends she decided to express her thoughts on her Facebook page to a colleague, who (25) _____ the boss’s attention to it. He immediately fired her on the (26) _____ that her public display of dissatisfaction made it impossible for her to continue working for the company. She later told newspapers she had been treated totally unfairly, especially as she hadn’t even mentioned the company’s name. She claimed she’s been perfectly happy with her job and that her light-hearted comments shouldn’t (27) _____ taken seriously. A spokesperson from a workers’ union said the incident demonstrated two things: firstly, that people need to protect their privacy online and secondly, that employers should be less sensitive to criticism.
A. for B. as
C. like D. at
A. Due B. Regardless
C. Instead D. In spite
A. got B. caught
C. paid D. drew
A. terms B. condition
C. grounds D. basis
A. to be B. have been
C. be D. have
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 28 to 34.
Korea’s recent unveiling of the world’s first cloned dog was welcomed by King Chow, assistant professor of biotechnology at the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, but he also warned that we need to be on guard against possible reproductive cloning. Professor Chow went on to explain that, “The development of the technology is a good thing in itself but how we monitor it and who we allow to use it will be of great importance”.
Professor Chow is one of many academics who feel that a clear line must be drawn between reproductive cloning and therapeutic cloning. Therapeutic cloning involves the use of embryonic stem cells to develop human cells or organs that can be used to cure diseases such as Parkinson’s and diabetes. People in wheelchairs may be able to walk again thanks to this technology as scientists believe that they can clone new cells to repair back and neck injuries.
Reproductive cloning involves implanting a cloned embryo into a uterus in the hope of producing a healthy foetus. A company called Clonaid claims to have successfully cloned thirteen human babies. They say that all of the babies are healthy and are in various location including Hong Kong, UK, Spain and Brazil. Clonaid states that they are using human cloning to assist infertile couples, homosexual couples and families who have lost a beloved relative.
The same technology can be used for animal cloning. If endangered species such as the giant panda and Sumatran tiger could be cloned, they could be saved from extinction. Livestock such as cows could also be cloned to allow farmers to reproduce cattle that produce the best meat and most milk. This could greatly help developing countries where cows produce significantly less meat and milk.
Question 28: What does the passage mainly discuss?
A. How the development of technology can be monitored.
B. How different human cloning is from animal cloning.
C. A famous scientist working on cloning technology.
D. Two different types of human cloning technology.
Question 29: According to the passage, which of the following is NOT true?
A. Cloning technology can help cure back and neck injuries.
B. The first dog to be cloned was in Korea.
C. Many countries can use cloning technology to produce more meat and milk.
D. Diabetes can’t be cured by using cloning technology.
Question 30: The word “assist” in paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to _____.
A. hinder B. help
C. contribute D. cure
Question 31: The word “unveiling” in paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to _____.
A. entrance B. introduction
C. opening D. promotion
Question 32: According to the passage, who is King Chow?
A. A scientist who discovered cloning technology.
B. A Professor of Biotechnology.
C. A famous Parkinson’s doctor.
D. A therapeutic cloning expert.
Question 33: According to paragraph 4, what animals are in danger of extinction?
A. cows B. giant pandas
C. all breeds of tiger D. livestock
Question 34: The word “it” in paragraph 2 refers to ______.
A. reproductive cloning
B. the development of cloning technology
C. Hong Kong University of Science and Technology
D. the first cloned dog
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 35 to 42.
THE PRAISE OF FAST FOOD
The media and a multitude of cookbook writers would have us believe that modern, fast, processed food is a disaster, and that it is a mark of sophistication to bemoan the steel roller mill and sliced white bread while yearning for stone-ground flour and a brick oven. Perhaps, we should call those scorn industrialised food, culinary Luddites, after the 19th-century English workers who rebelled against the machines that destroyed their way of life. Instead of technology, what these Luddites abhor is commercial sauces and any synthetic aid to flavouring our food.
Eating fresh, natural food was regarded with suspicion verging on horror; only the uncivilised, the poor, and the starving resorted to it. The ancient Greeks regarded the consumption of greens and root vegetables as a sign of bad times, and many succeeding civilizations believed the same. Happiness was not a verdant garden abounding in fresh fruits, but a securely locked storehouse jammed with preserved, processed foods.
What about the idea that the best food is handmade in the country? That food comes from the country goes without saying. However, the idea that country people eat better than city dwellers is preposterous. Very few of our ancestors working the land were independent peasants baking their own bread and salting down their own pig. Most were burdened with heavy taxes and rent, often paid directly by the food they produced. Many were ultimately serfs or slaves, who subsisted on what was left over; on watery soup and gritty flatbread.
The dishes we call ethnic and assume to be of peasant origin were invented for the urban, or at least urbane, aristocrats who collected the surplus. This is as true of the lasagna of northern Italy as it is of the chicken korma of Mughal Delhi, the moo shu pork of imperial China, and the pilafs and baklava of the great Ottoman palace in Istanbul. Cities have always enjoyed the best food and have invariably been the focal points of culinary innovation.
Preparing home-cooked breakfast, dinner, and tea for eight to ten people 365 days a year was servitude. Churning butter or skinning and cleaning rabbits, without the option of picking up the phone for a pizza if something went wrong, was unremitting, unforgiving toil. Not long ago, in Mexico, most women could expect to spend five hours a day kneeling at the grindstone preparing the dough for the family's tortillas.
In the first half of the 20th century, Italians embraced factory-made pasta and canned tomatoes. In the second half, Japanese women welcomed factory-made bread because they could sleep a little longer instead of getting up to make rice. As supermarkets appeared in Eastern Europe, people rejoiced at the convenience of readymade goods. Culinary modernism had proved what was wanted: food that was processed, preservable, industrial, novel, and fast, the food of the elite at a price everyone could afford. Where modern food became available, people grew taller and stronger and lived longer.
So the sunlit past of the culinary Luddites never existed and their ethos is based not on history but on a fairy tale. So what? Certainly no one would deny that an industrialised food supply has its own problems. Perhaps we should eat more fresh, natural, locally sourced, slow food. Does it matter if the history is not quite right? It matters quite a bit, I believe. If we do not understand that most people had no choice but to devote their lives to growing and cooking food, we are incapable of comprehending that modern food allows us unparalleled choices. If we urge the farmer to stay at his olive press and the housewife to remain at her stove, all so that we may eat traditionally pressed olive oil and home-cooked meals, we are assuming the mantle of the aristocrats of old. If we fail to understand how scant and monotonous most traditional diets were, we fail to appreciate the 'ethnic foods' we encounter.
Culinary Luddites are right, though, about two important things: We need to know how to prepare good food, and we need a culinary ethos. As far as good food goes, they've done us all a service by teaching us how to use the bounty delivered to us by the global economy. Their ethos, though, is another matter. Were we able to turn back the clock, as they urge, most of us would be toiling all day in the fields or the kitchen, and many of us would be starving.
Question 35: The word “preposterous” in paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to ______.
A. sensible B. popular
C. ridiculous D. right
Question 36: Which of the following is NOT an important factor mentioned in paragraphs 5 and 6?
A. the development of take-away food as an option
B. the arduous nature of food preparation before mass-production
C. the global benefits of industrialised food production
D. the range of advantages that industrialised food production had
Question 37: What is the overall point that the writer makes in the reading passage?
A. People should learn the history of the food they consume.
B. Criticism of industrial food production is largely misplaced.
C. Modem industrial food is generally superior to raw and natural food.
D. People should be more grateful for the range of foods they can now choose from.
Question 38: The word “its” in paragraph 7 refers to ______.
A. food supply’s B. fairy tale’s
C. history’s D. sunlit past’s
Question 39: What does the writer say about peasants?
A. They created imaginative soup and flatbread dishes.
B. Much of what they produced went to a landowner.
C. They were largely self-sufficient.
D. They had a better diet than most people living in cities.
Question 40: What is an important point the writer wishes to make in paragraph 7?
A. People need to have a balanced diet.
B. There are disadvantages to modem food production as well as advantages.
C. People everywhere now have a huge range of food to choose from.
D. Demand for food that is traditionally produced exploits the people that produce it.
Question 41: Lasagna is an example of a dish ______.
A. that tastes like dishes from several other countries
B. that was only truly popular in northern Italy
C. invented by peasants
D. created for wealthy city-dwellers
Question 42: The word “servitude” in paragraph 5 is closest in meaning to ______.
A. attitude B. enslavement
C. capability D. liberty
(248094) Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions.
Question 43: Many people who live near the ocean (A) depend on it as a source of (B) food, (C) recreation, and (D) to have economic opportunities.
Question 44: The techniques of science and (A) magic are quite (B) different, but their basic aims – (C) to understand and control nature, (D) they are very similar.
Question 45: The (A) various parts of the body require (B) so different (C) surgical skills that (D) many surgical specialties have developed.
(248099) Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions.
Question 46: It’s a waste of time asking Peter for help because he is too busy.
A. Peter is too busy that he can’t help anyone.
B. You shouldn’t ask Peter for help as he will refuse.
C. There’s no point asking Peter for help because he is too busy.
D. It takes your time when you ask Peter for help because he is too busy,
Question 47: “I’m sorry for not keeping my promise, Mum!” said John.
A. John said he was sorry for not keeping his promise.
B. John apologised to his Mum for breaking his promise.
C. John apologised his Mum because he didn’t keep his promise.
D. John felt sorry for his mum’s not keeping her promise.
Question 48: We’re still hesitating about which school our son ought to go to.
A. We had great difficulty deciding upon which school our son should attend.
B. We haven’t yet decided where we should send our son to school.
C. We are not sure whether we should let our son choose a school for himself.
D. We won’t send our son to any school unless we are certain that it is the one we want.
(248105) Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions.
Question 49: I’d like to blame you. However, I know I can’t.
A. Much as I’d like to blame you, I know I can’t.
B. However much would I like to blame you, I know I can’t.
C. Since I know I can’t, I’d like to blame you.
D. Though I wouldn’t like to blame you, I know I can’t
Question 50: My brother couldn’t speak a word. He could do that when he turned three.
A. Not until my brother turned three he could speak a word.
B. It was before my brother turned three that he could speak a word.
C. Not until my brother turned three could he speak a word.
D. My brother couldn’t speak a word even after he turned three.
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