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Đề số 68 - Đề thi thử THPT Quốc Gia môn Tiếng Anh

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Đáp án và lời giải chi tiết Đề số 68 - Đề thi thử THPT Quốc Gia môn Tiếng Anh

Đề bài

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks from 1 to 5.

Most people will come across money problems at some time in their lives. It often happens when they are students and they have to do a part-time job in order to make (1) ___ meet. This can be (2) _____, but sometimes it is the only way to survive. However, living on a (3) _____ budget is good training for the future. Everyone should learn to live within their (4)_____. Unfortunately, some people have totally unrealistic goals and think that one day they will have lots of money to pay off their debts.  Then they can become very depressed when they fail to achieve those goals. 

So, if you want to (5) ____ it in this world, you need to work hard and to have some good luck, too.

Question 1.

A. bits                 B. lines

C. pieces             D. ends

Question 2.

A. conventional   B. exhausting

C. exhaustive      D. meaningful

Question 3.

A. tight                B. short

C. standard          D. firm

Question 4.

A. salaries            B. money

C. means              D. values

Question 5.

A. do                   B. make

C. get                  D.  have

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in  meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.

Question 6. She came for Christmas laden with gifts for everyone.

A. later                   B. provided

C. unloaded            D. lift

Question 7. He takes his dates to intimate restaurants where there is candlelight.

A. quiet                   B. noisy 

C. dark                    D. large and brightly lit

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning  to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.

Question 8. She was overcome by chagrin at the checkout couter when she discovered  she had left her wallet at home.

A. anger

B. poverty

C. embarrassment 

D. challenge

Question 9. The space shuttle covered vast distances.

A. very                        B. varying 

C. huge                        D. hard

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.

Question 10. Here’s a photo of the hotel _______ we stay in when we were in Beijing.

A. where                     B. which

C. why                        D. who

Question 11. The robber was sent to ______ prison for a total of three years.

A. Ø                            B. the

C. a                             D. an

Question 12. Did you remember  ________ Tim about the party?

A. to tell                      B. telling 

C. tell                          D. told

Question 13. I _______ go on a diet if I was fat , but I’m not.

A. will                         B. should

C. can                         D. would

Question 14. They ________  the play last night as they went to a football match instead.

A. couldn’t see

B. might have seen 

C. mustn’t have seen 

D. can’t have seen

Question 15. The  _______ of the house is ideal, with the living room over looking the bay.

A. site                          B. position

C. place                        D. location

Question 16.  I’m asking for your ___________.

A. forgiving                  B. forgivable

C. forgiveness              D. forgive 

Question 17. Those reality shows really _______ on my nerves.

A. take                        B. test 

C. get                          D. give

Question 18. ‘ You’re very clever!’

                      ‘ Thanks , but I get embarrassed when people ______ me compliments’

A. give                        B. pay

C. make                       D. say

Question 19. Buy me a newspaper on your way back,__________?

A. do you                    B. will you

C. have you                 D. don’t you

Question 20. A _______ in journalism can be quite rewarding.

A. work                       B. job

C. post                        D. career

Question 21. You were going to apply for the job , and then you decided not to . So what _______?

A. put you off             B. put you out

C. turned you off        D. turned you away 

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the most suitable response to complete each of the following exchanges.

Question 22. Liz is asking Andrew about the seat.

Liz: " Do you mind if I sit here? "

Andrew: "Not at all._________ "

A.  Be my guest.

B. I’d be glad to.

C. Fire away, I’m all ears.

D. Now you’re taking.

Question 23. Jenny and her classmates are talking about the next exams .

Jenny: "Do you think you’ll pass the exam ?

John : "I don’t know. _________.

A. How should I know. 

B. I’m having second thoughts.

C. I’m going to give it all I’ve got.

D. I’m keeping my fingers crossed.

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.

Question 24.

A. ploughs         B. photograghs

C. coughs           D. laughs

Question 25.

A. hear              B. clear

C. bear              D. ear

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress in each of the following questions.

Question 26.

A. reduction       B. popular

C. romantic        D. financial

Question 27.

A. copy             B. remove

C.  notice          D. cancel

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 28 to 35.

'A good book for children should simply be a good book in its own right.' These are the words of Mollie Hunter, a well known author of books for youngsters. Born and bred near Edinburgh, Mollie has devoted her talents to writing primarily for young people. She firmly believes that there is always and should always be a wider audience for any good book whatever its main market. In Mollie's opinion it is essential to make full use of language and she enjoys telling a story, which is what every writer should be doing: 'If you aren't telling a story,you're a very dead writer indeed,' she says.

With the chief function of a writer being to entertain, Molly is indeed an entertainer. 'I have this great love of not only the meaning of language but of the music of language,' she says. This love goes back to early childhood. 'I've told stories all my life. I had a school teacher who used to ask us what we would like to be when we grew up and, because my family always had dogs, and I was very good at handling them, I said I wanted to work with dogs, and the teacher always said "Nonsense Mollie dear, you'll be a writer." So eventually I thought that this woman must have something, since she was a good teacher - and I decided when I was nine that I would be a writer.

This childhood intention is described in her novel, A Sound of Chariots, which although written in the third person is clearly autobiographical and gives a picture both of Mollie's ambition and her struggle towards its achievement.

Thoughts of her childhood inevitably brought thoughts of the time when her home was still a village with buttercup meadows and strawberry fields - sadly now covered with modern houses. 'I was once taken back to see it and I felt that somebody had lain dirty hands all over my childhood. I'll never go back,' she said. 'Never.' 'When I set one of my books in Scotland,' she said, 'I can recapture my romantic feelings as a child playing in those fields, or watching the village blacksmith at work. And that's important, because children now know so much so early that romance can't exist for them, as it did for us.

To this day, Mollie has a lively affection for children, which is reflected in the love she has for her writing. 'When we have visitors with children the adults always say, "If you go to visit Mollie, she'll spend more time with the children." They don't realise that children are much more interesting company. I've heard all the adults have to say before. The children have something new.'

Question 28. What does Mollie Hunter feel about the nature of a good book?

A. It should not aim at a narrow audience.

B. It should be attractive to young readers. 

C. It should be based on original ideas.

D. It should not include too much conversation.

Question 29. In Mollie Hunter’s opinion, one sign of a poor writer is:

A. lifeless characters

B. complicated ideas

C. the weakness of the description 

D. the absence of a story 

Question 30. What do we learn about Mollie Hunter as a very young child?

A She didn’t expect to become a writer. 

B. She didn’t enjoy writing stories.

C She didn’t have any particular ambitions. 

D. She didn’t respect her teacher’s views.

Question 31. What does 'its' refer to in paragraph 3?

A. novel                      B. picture

C. ambition                 D. struggle

Question 32. How does Mollie feel about what has happened to her birthplace?

A. confused                B. ashamed

C. disappointed          D. surprised

Question 33. In comparison with children of earlier years, Mollie feels that modern children are:

A. more intelligent 

B. better informed

C. less keen to learn  

D. less interested in fiction

Question 34. Mollie’s adult visitors generally discover that ________

A. she is a very generous person

B. she is interesting company

C. she talks a lot about her work

D. she pays more attention to their children

Question 35. What is the writer’s purpose in this text?

A. to describe Mollie Hunter’s most successful books        

B. to share her enjoyment of Mollie Hunter’s books

C. to provide information for Mollie Hunter’s existing readers

D. to introduce Mollie Hunter’s work to a wider audience

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 36 to 42.

Writing is arguably the most important invention in human history. The opportunity for human knowledge to build on other knowledge is severely limited without the medium of writing. Not only does writing allow a permanence to human thought but also a complexity and scope to human expression that seem barely possible without it.

The earliest known artifacts that could be considered writing by the loosest  definition are the famous and extraordinarily beautiful 20,000-year-old "cave  paintings" in southern France and northern Spain. The pictures, mostly of animals but with some human figures, possibly tell some sort of story or may merely be pictures with expressive, magical, or religious purpose. Other assorted pictures have been found antedating the rise of the great civilizations of the Near East, but the earliest artifacts that are clearly writing date from about only 5,500 years ago inMesopotamia.

The earliest system of writing is usually attributed to the Sumerians of Mesopotamia during the end of the fourth millennium b.c. There, officials of such Sumerian city-states as Uruk had developed a system of recording numerals, pictographs, and ideographs on specially prepared clay surfaces.

Although the clay blanks used by the Uruk scribes are universally referred to as tablets, a word with the connotation of flatness, they are actually convex. Individual characters were inscribed in the clay by means of a stylus made of wood, bone, or ivory, with one end blunt and the other pointed. The characters were basically of two kinds. Numerical signs were impressed into the clay; all other signs, pictographs, and ideographs alike, were incised with the pointed end of the stylus. The repertory of characters used by the Uruk scribes was large; it is estimated at no fewer than 1,500 separate signs.

Question 36. This passage mainly discusses ________

A. "cave paintings" as an expressive achievement 

B.  the Uruk culture in Mesopotamia

C. early writing systems  

D.  writing instruments of the Uruk scribes

Question 37. According to the passage, the invention of writing was important for all of the following reasons  EXCEPT ________

A. it allowed for the development of human knowledge

B. it encouraged complexity of thinking

C. it began in Mesopotamia

D. it allowed human thought to be permanently recorded

Question38. The phrase "attributed to"  is closest in meaning to________

A. blamed on              B. characterized by

C. credited to              D. replaced by

Question39. The word "incised" in is closest in meaning to ________

A. painted                   B. cut

C. erased                     D. embroidered

Question40. Which of the following terms does NOT refer to something on which early writing was inscribed?

A. Clay surfaces          B. Characters

C. Clay blanks            D. Tablets

Question41. According to the passage, how were pictographs recorded?

A. They were cut into the clay.

B. They were painted onto the surface.

C. They were pressed into the clay.

D. They were brushed onto the surface.

Question42. The word "repertory" in line 23 is closest in meaning to ________

A. arrangement           B. composition

C. understanding         D. number

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions.

Question 43. “You shouldn’t have leaked our confidential report to the press, Frank!” said Jane.

A. Jane suspected that Frank had leaked their confidential report to the press.

B. Jane accused Frank of having cheated the press with their confidential report.

C. Jane blamed Frank for having flattered the press with their confidential report.

D. Jane criticized Frank for having disclosed their confidential report to the press.

Question 44. The sooner we solve this problem, the better it will be for all concerned.

A. If we could solve this problem soon, it would be better for all concerned.

B. It would be better for all concerned if we can solve this problem soon.

C. If all concerned are better, we can solve this problem soon.

D. If we can solve this problem soon, it will be better for all concerned.

Question 45. The woman was too weak to lift the suitcase.

A. The woman, though weak, could lift the  suitcase.

B. The woman wasn’t able to lift the suitcase, so she was very weak.

C. The woman shouldn't have lifted the suitcase as she was  weak.

D. So weak was the woman that she couldn't lift the  suitcase.

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions.

Question 46. Mike graduated with a good degree. However, he joined the ranks of the unemployed.

A. Mike joined the ranks of the unemployed because he graduated with a good degree.

B. If Mike graduated with a good degree, he would join the ranks of the unemployed.

C. Although Mike graduated with a good degree, he joined the ranks of the unemployed.

D. That Mike graduated with a good degree helped him join the ranks of the unemployed.

Question 47. Put your coat on. You will get cold.

A.You will not get cold unless you put your coat on.

B. Put your coat on, otherwise you will get cold.

C. It is not until you put your coat on that you will get cold.

D.You not only put your coat on but also get cold.

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions.

Question 48. The (A) Oxford English Dictionary is well known (B) for including many different meanings (C) of words and to give (D) real examples.

Question 49. After analyzing the steep rise (A) in profits according to (B) your report, it was (C) convinced that your analyses were correct.(D)

Question 50. Educated in the UK (A), his qualifications are (B) widely recognized (C) in the world of professionals.(D)

Lời giải chi tiết

1 2 3 4 5
D B A B B
6 7 8 9 10
C C C C B
11 12 13 14 15
A A D D D
16 17 18 19 20
C C A B C
21 22 23 24 25
C A C A C
26 27 28 29 30
B B A D A
31 32 33 34 35
C C B D D
36 37 38 39 40
C C B B B
41 42 43 44 45
C B D D D
46 47 48 49 50
C B D C B

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