Đề số 40 - Đề thi thử THPT Quốc Gia môn Tiếng Anh

Đáp án và lời giải chi tiết Đề số 40 - Đề thi thử THPT Quốc Gia môn Tiếng Anh

Đề bài

Mark the letter A, B, C, D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from that of the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions:

Question 1.

A. promise                   B. devise

C. surprise                   D. realise

Question 2.

A. comment                B. development

C. confidence             D. reference

Mark the letter A, B, C, D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress in each of the following questions:

Question 3.

A. voluntary                 B. necessary  

C. compulsory             D. stationary

Question 4.

A. advent                     B. pizza

C. survive                    D. rescue

Mark the letter A, B, C, D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions:

Question 5. Works are written (A) by Vladimir Nabokov often (B) contain heroes and heroines who (C) have lived (D) in many places.

Question 6. Mostly (A) medical doctors have had (B) some training (C) in (D)psychology and psychiatry.

Question 7. Sandara has not rarely (A) missed a play (B) or concert since (C) she was seventeen years old (D).

Mark the letter A, B, C, D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer in each of the following questions:

Question 8. I bought the car because it is in good quality and at a            price.

A. comfortable              B. valuable

C. reasonable              D. enjoyable

Question 9. More and more people were moving to Glasgow as they found it there             to earn a living.

A. so much easier 

B. much so easier 

C. so easier

D. by far the easiest

Question 10. You aren’t allowed to drive your car in the city centre at          rush hour because there is too much traffic then.

A. a                           B. an

C. x                           D. the

Question 11. I explained the grammar rule as           as I could, but many students are still confused.

A. simple                     B. simplified

C. simplistic                D. simply

Question 12. It’s amazing how Jenny acts as though she and Daren         serious problems at the moment.

A. aren’t having

B. weren’t having

C. hadn’t had

D. hadn’t been having

Question 13. When we were in Athens, I bought a         statuette.

A. white beautiful marble little

B. marble beautiful little white

C. beautiful little marble white

D. beautiful little white marble

Question 14. It         that many people are homeless after the floods.

A. is reported              B. reports

C. is reporting             D. reported

Question 15. The brain is made up of billions of neurons that differ          each other greatly               size and shape.

A. with – with              B. from – by

C. from – in                D. with - from

Question 16. I think the strikes will bring           some changes in management.

A. off                          B. on

C. down                      D. about

Question 17. I         most of my books                    to my roommates when I left college.

A. give – away               B. throw – away

C. put – away                 D. get – away

Question 18. Different conservation efforts in order to save endangered species.

A. have made

B. have been made

C. have done 

D. have been done

Question 19. Many Vietnamese families now own household          such as refrigerators, microwaves and cookers.

A. applicators

B. applications

C. applicants 

D. appliances

Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word or phrase that is CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined part in each of the following.

Question 20. The education system is a mirror that reflects the culture.

A. points                    B. explains 

C. shows                     D. gets

Question 21. It is an occasion when strength and sports are tested, friendship and solidarity was built and deepened.

A. practice                   B. power 

C. will                         D. competence

Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.

Question 22. Doctors have criticized the government for failing to invest enough in the health service.

A. praised                    B. blamed

C. accused                   D. commented

Question 23. The company will only employ competent engineers, so they want to see evidence of their work as well the references from previous employers.

A. proficient                  B. inconvenient 

C. ambitious                 D. unqualified

Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the most suitable respone to complete each of the following exchanges.

Question 24. Peter: “Do you like going to the cinema this evening, Susan?”     Susan: “              .”

A. I feel very bored.

B. That would be great

C. You’re welcome

D. I don’t agree, I’m afraid.

Question 25. Peter: “Oops, I’m terribly sorry!?”     Susan: “              .”

A. You’re welcome

B. That’s OK

C. That’s right

D. You’re right

Mark the letter A,B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions.

Question 26. I had to clear the spare room before I could start decorating.

A. Not until had I cleared the spare room I could start decorating.

B. Before I cleared the spare room I could start decorating.

C. Only when I had cleared the spare room could I start decorating.

D. Only when I had finished clearing the spare room, I could start decorating.

Question 27. He didn’t pay attention to what I said.

A. He took no notice of my words.

B. He didn’t hear me even though I was saying to him.

C. He had no intention to talk to me.

D. He took my advice.

Question 28. “You’re always making terrible mistakes”, said the teacher.

A. The teacher asked his students why they always make terrible mistakes.

B. The teacher realized that his students always made terrible mistakes.

C. The teacher complained about his students making terrible mistakes.

D. The teacher made his students not always make terrible mistakes.

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrases that best fits each of the numbered blanks.

Parents and teachers are always making (29) between the time when they were children and the present generation . They say everything was better than it is today, especially in education. (30)   , they say they used to work much harder in school, and that nowadays, we aren’t very interested. I disagree, because we spend hours every day doing homework after our lessons or (31)      for exammination. I wonder (32)                our parents really had to study so much after school every day. In my opinion, it is no exaggeration to say we have forgotten how to play. I think one reason why kids (33)     in class is because they need to get rid of stress.

Question 29.

A. comparison              B. comparative

C. compare                  D. comparatively

Question 30.

A. As a result              B. Therefore 

C. For example           D. Nevertheless

Question 31.

A. relearning                B. revising

C. resitting                  D. redoing

Question 32.

A. why                         B. if 

C. that                         D. what

Question 33.

A. misunderstand          B. misdirect

C. miscarry                  D. misbehave

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.

The cause of tooth decay is acid, which is produced by bacteria in the mouth. The acid removes minerals from tooth enamel, allowing tooth decay to begin; the saliva in your mouth encourages remineralization and neutralizes the acid. The rate at which bacteria in the mouth produce acid depends on the amount of plaque on the teeth, the composition of the microbial flora, and whether the bacteria of the plaque have been "primed" by frequent exposure to sugar. To keep your teeth healthy, a regular dental hygiene program should be followed.

Removing plaque with a toothbrush and dental floss temporarily reduces the numbers of bacteria in the mouth and thus reduces tooth decay. It also makes the surfaces of the teeth more accessible, enabling saliva to neutralize acid and remineralize lesions. If fluoride is present in drinking water when teeth are forming, some fluoride is incorporated into the enamel of the teeth, making them more resistant to attack by acid. Fluoride toothpaste seems to act in another way, by promoting the remineralization of early carious lesions.

In addition to a regular dental hygiene program, a good way to keep your teeth healthy is to reduce your intake of sweet food. The least cavity-causing way to eat sweets is to have them with meals and not between. The number of times you eat sweets rather than the total amount determines how much harmful acid the bacteria in your saliva produce. But the amount of sweets influences the quality of your saliva. Avoid, if you can, sticky sweets that stay in your mouth a long time. Also try to brush and floss your teeth after eating sugary foods. Even rinsing your mouth with water is effective.

Whenever possible, eat foods with fiber, such as raw carrot sticks, apples, celery sticks, etc., that scrape off plaque, acting as a toothbrush. Cavities can be greatly reduced if these rules are followed when eating sweets.

Question 34. What does this passage mainly discuss?

A. Good nutrition

B. Food with fiber

C. Ways to keep your teeth healthy

D. Fluoridization and cavities

Question 35. The word “it” refers to             .

A. dental floss                       B. bacteria

C. removal of plaque              D. plaque

Question 36. According to the passage, all of the following statements about plaque are true EXCEPT                 

A. It consists of acid producing bacteria

B. It is not affected by eating sweets

C. It can be removed from teeth by brushing and flossing

D. It reduces the positive effect of saliva

Question 37. We can infer from the passage that one benefit of fluoride to healthy teeth is          .

A. It strengthens tooth enamel

B. It stimulates saliva production

C. It makes teeth whiter

D. It is a replacement for brushing and flossing in dental care

Question 38. What can be concluded from the passage about sweets?

A. All sweets should be avoided.

B. Sweets should be eaten with care.

C. It is better to eat sweets a little at a time throughout the day.

D. Sticky sweets are less harmful than other sweets.

Question 39. The author of the passage states that the amount of acid produced by the bacteria in your saliva increases          .

A. with the amount of sweets you eat

B. with the number of times you eat sweets

C. if you eat sweets with your meals

D. if you eat sticky sweets

Question 40. The word "scrape off" is closest in meaning to           .

A. repel                       B. rub together with 

C. remove                   D. dissolve

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.

Choosing a career may be one of the hardest jobs you ever have, and it must be done with care. View a career as an opportunity to do something you love, not simply as a way to earn a living. Investing the time and effort to thoroughly explore your options can mean the difference between finding a stimulating and rewarding career and move from job to unsatisfying job in an attempt to find the right one. Work influences virtually every aspect of your life, from your choice of friends to where you live. Here are just a few of the factors to consider.

Deciding what matters most to you is essential to making the right decision. You may want to begin by assessing your likes, dislikes, strengths, and weaknesses. Think about the classes, hobbies, and surroundings that you find most appealing. Ask yourself questions, such as “Would you like to

travel? Do you want to work with children? Are you more suited to solitary or cooperative work?” There are no right or wrong answers; only you know what is important to you. Determine which job features you require, which ones you would prefer, and which ones you cannot accept. Then rank them in order of importance to you.

The setting of the job is one factor to take into account. You may not want to sit at a desk all day. If not, there are diversity occupation – building inspector, supervisor, real estate agent – that involve a great deal of time away from the office. Geographical location may be a concern, and employment in some fields in concentrated in certain regions. Advertising job can generally be found only in large cities. On the other hand, many industries such as hospitality, law education, and retail sales are found in all regions of the country.

If a high salary is important to you, do not judge a career by its starting wages. Many jobs, such as insurance sales, offers relatively low starting salaries; however, pay substantially increases along with your experience, additional training, promotions and commission.

Don’t rule out any occupation without learning more about it. Some industries evoke positive or negative associations. The traveling life of a flight attendant appears glamorous, while that of a plumber does not. Remember that many jobs are not what they appear to be at first, and may have merits or demerits that are less obvious. Flight attendants must work long, grueling hours without sleeps, whereas plumbers can be as highly paid as some doctors.

Another point to consider is that as you mature, you will likely develop new interests and skills that may point the way to new opportunities. The choice you make today need not be your final one.

Question 41. The author states that “There are no right or wrong answers” in paragraph 2 in order to     

A. emphasize that each person’s answers will be different.

B. show that answering the questions is a long and difficult process.

C. indicate that the answers are not really important.

D. indicate that each person’s answers may change over time.

Question 42. The word “them” in paragraph 2 refers to                   .

A. questions                B.  answers 

C.  features                D. jobs

Question 43. According to paragraph 3, which of the following fields is NOT suitable for a person who does not want to live in a big city?

A. plumbing                 B.  law

C. retail sales               D. advertising

Question 44. The word “evoke” in paragraph 5 is closest in meaning to      .

A. agree on

B. bring to mind

C. be related to

D. differ from

Question 45. The word “that” in paragraph 5 refers to         .

A. occupation

B.  the traveling life

C.  a flight attendant

D. commission

Question 46. It can be inferred from the paragraph 4 that                 .

A. jobs in insurance sales are generally not well-paid.

B. insurance sales people can earn high salary later in their career.

C. people should constantly work toward the next promotion.

D. a starting salary should be an important consideration in choosing a career.

Question 47. In paragraph 6, the author suggests that                      .

A. you may want to change careers at some time in the future.

B. as you get older, your career will probably less fulfilling.

C. you will be at your job for a lifetime, so choose carefully.

D. you will probably jobless at some time in the future.

Question 48. According to the passage, which of the following is TRUE?

A. To make a lot of money, you should not take a job with a low starting salary.

B. To make lots of money, you should rule out all factory jobs.

C. If you want an easy and glamorous lifestyle, you should consider becoming flight attendant.

D. Your initial view of certain careers may not be accurate.

Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentence in the following questions.

Question 49. Most students was struggling with exams. He was enjoying the fresh air on the beach.

A. Most students was struggling with exams while he was enjoying the fresh air on the beach.

B. While most students was struggling with exams, he was enjoying the fresh air on the beach.

C. Most students was struggling with exams; meanwhile, he was enjoying the fresh air on the beach.

D. All are correct.

Question 50. We arrived at the airport. We realized our passports were still at home.

A. It was until we arrived at the airport that we realized our passports were still at home.

B. We arrived at the airport and realized that our passports are still at home.

C. Not until had we arrived at the airport, we realized our passports were still at home.

D. Not until we arrived at the airport did we realize that our passports were still at home.

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