Đáp án và lời giải chi tiết Đề số 49 - Đề thi thử THPT Quốc Gia môn Tiếng Anh
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of the primary stress in each of the following questions.
A. aware B. survive
C. commit D. social
A. advocate B. diversity
C. employment D. decision
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.
A. digests B. defends
C. threatens D. swallows
A. doubt B. found
C. touch D. foul
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.
Question 5: There are programmes to raise people's ________ of their responsibility for natural conservation.
A. concentration B. qualification
C. attention D. awareness
Question 6: Lan and Huong have never come to class late, ______ ?
A. have they B. haven't they
C. has she D. hasn't she
Question 7: The shop assistant is ready to ________ me a helping hand. She was very nice.
A. take B. lend
C. offer D. get
Question 8: After they _________ all the food, they picked up their bags and left.
A. were eating B. have eaten
C. had been eating D. had eaten
Question 9: His brother refuses to listen to anyone else's point of view. He is very _________.
A. open-minded B. narrow-minded
C. bad-tempered D. kind-hearted
Question 10: This is the house _________ by his father five years ago.
A. bought B. was bought
C. be bought D. which bought
Question 11: I applied for a part-time job at the supermarket. They are going to _________.
A. hold me on B. carry me on
C. put me on D. take me on
Question 12: Most of us would maintain that physical __________ does not play a major part in how we react to the people we meet.
A. attractively B. attract
C. attractiveness D. attractive
Question 13: Thomas received a warning for speeding yesterday. He _________ so fast.
A. would have driven
B. mightn't have driven
C. need have driven
D. shouldn't have driven
Question 14: It was late, so we decided __________ a taxi home.
A. to taking B. taking
C. take D. to take
Question 15: You __________ so many accidents if you drove more slowly.
A. had not had
B. would not have
C. would not have had
D. will not have
Question 16: One condition of this job is that you must be _________ to work at weekends.
A. capable B. accessible
C. available D. acceptable
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Question 17: Since the death of Laura's father, her mother has become a breadwinner to support the family.
A. a person who bakes bread every morning
B. a person who goes out to work to earn money
C. a bakery-owner
D. a person who delivers bread to make money
Question 18: When you see your teacher approaching you, a slight wave to attract his attention is appropriate.
A. coming nearer to
B. catching sight of
C. pointing at
D. looking up to
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Question 19: The year-end party was out of this world. We had never tasted such delicious food.
A. enormous B. terrific
C. strange D. awful
Question 20: My uncle, who is an accomplished guitarist, taught me how to play.
A. unqualified B. unimpaired
C. unskilled D. ill-educated
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best completes each of the following exchanges.
Question 21: Mary and Peter are talking about Mary's plan.
A. We're going to get married next month
B. I believe I'll pass the exam
C. I didn't do the test well
D. I've got in stuck in the traffic jam for 3 hours
Question 22: Clara and Phil are discussing women and men in society.
Clara: "As I see it, women often drive more carefully than men."
A. Yes, please
C. What nonsense
D. Never mind
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions.
No one in our office want (A) to drive to work because (B) there are (C) always traffic jams at rush hour. (D)
The objective of (A) the ASEAN Vision 2020 is (B) to create economical integration (C) among (D) the member countries.
After analyzing (A) the steep rise in profits according to (B) your report, it was (C) convinced that your analyses were correct (D).
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks from 26 to 30.
Few people now question the reality of global warming and its effects on the world's climate. Many scientists (26) ________ the blame for recent natural disasters on the increase in the world's temperatures and are convinced that, more than ever before, the Earth is at risk from the forces of the wind, rain and sun. According to them, global warming is making extreme weather events, such as hurricanes and droughts, even more (27) ________ and causing sea levels all around the world to rise. Environmental groups are putting pressure on governments to take action to reduce the amount of carbon dioxide which is given (28) _________ by factories and power plants, thus attacking the problem at its source. They are in favour of more money being spent on research into solar, wind and wave energy devices, (29) _________ could then replace existing power stations. Some scientists, (30) ________ believe that even if we stopped releasing carbon dioxide and other gases into the atmosphere tomorrow, we would have to wait several hundred years to notice the results. Global warming, it seems, is to stay.
A. give B. put
C. take D. have
A. severe B. strong
C. heavy D. strict
A. away B. up
C. off D. over
A. what B. which
C. that D. who
A. however B. despite
C. although D. because
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following question from 31 to 37.
Water scarcity is fast becoming one of the major limiting factors in world crop production. In many areas, poor agricultural practices have led to increasing desertification and the loss of formerly arable lands: Consequently, those plant species that are well adapted to survival in dry climates are being looked at for an answer in developing more efficient crops to grow on marginally arable lands.
Plants use several mechanisms to ensure their survival in desert environments. Some involve purely mechanical and physical adaptations, such as the shape of the plant's surface, smaller leaf size, and extensive root systems. Some of the adaptations are related to chemical mechanisms. Many plants, such as cacti, have internal gums and mucilage which give them water-retaining properties. Another chemical mechanism is that of the epicuticular wax layer. This wax layer acts as an impervious cover to protect the plant. It prevents excessive loss of internal moisture. It also protects the plant from external aggression, which can come from inorganic agents such as gases, or organic agents which include bacteria and plant pests.
Researchers have proposed that synthetic waxes with similar protective abilities could be prepared based on knowledge of desert plants. If successfully developed, such a compound could be used to greatly increase a plant's ability to maintain health in such adverse situations as inadequate water supply, limited fertilizer availability, attack by pests, and poor storage after harvesting.
Question 31: The word “extensive” in the second paragraph is closest in meaning to _________.
A. comprehensive B. shallow
C. widespread D. spongy
Question 32: This passage deals mainly with _________.
B. developing efficient plants
C. factors limiting crop production
D. decreasing water supply
Question 33: The word “arable” in the first paragraph is closest in meaning to ________.
A. barren B. marsh
C. fertile D. parched
Question 34: Which of the following is a mechanical or physical mechanism that desert plants use?
A. The small root system
B. The vast leaf size
C. The high water system
D. The plant's shape
Question 35: Which is one of the ways in which the epicuticular wax protects the plant?
A. It guards against bacteria.
B. It helps the plant to avoid excessive moisture intake
C. It releases gases against plant pests.
D. It helps the plant to attack aggressors.
Question 36: All of the following are examples of an adverse situation for crops EXCEPT _________.
A. proper storage
B. inadequate water
C. insufficient fertilize
D. pest aggression
Question 37: It can be inferred that synthetic stimulate waxes _________.
A. have not succeeded
B. have been determined to be impervious to organic and inorganic agents
C. have not been developed yet
D. have the quality of causing bacteria
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following question from 38 to 45.
Not very long ago, when people needed to find a job, there were several possible steps. They might begin with a look through the classified ads in the newspaper. They could go to the personnel office at various companies and fill out an application, or they could go to an employment agency. They could even find out about a job opening through word-of-mouth from another person who had heard about it.
These days, job hunting is more complicated. The first step is to determine what kind of job you want (which sounds easier than it is) and make sure that you have the right education for it. Rapid changes in technology and science are creating many professions that never existed until recently. It is important to learn about them because one might be the perfect profession for you. The fastestgrowing areas for new jobs are in computer technology and health services. Jobs in these fields usually require specific skills, but you need to find out exactly which degrees are necessary. For example, it may be surprising to learn that in the sciences, an M.S. is more marketable than a Ph.D! In other words, there are more jobs available for people with a Master of Science degree than for people with a doctorate (however, people who want to do research still need a Ph.D.)
How do people learn about "hot" new professions? How do they discover their "dream job"? Many people these days go to a career counselor. In some countries, job hopping has become so common that career counseling is now "big business". People sometimes spend large amounts of money for this advice. In Canada and the United States, high school and college students often have access to free vocational counseling services on campus. There is even a career organization, the Five O'Clock Club, which helps members to set goals. Members focus on this question: what sort of person do you want to be years from now? The members then plan their career around that goal. All career counselors - private or public - agree on one basic point: it is important for people to find a career that they love. Everyone should be able to think, "I'm having such a good time. I can't believe they're paying me to do this."
Question 38: According to the second paragraph, all of the following steps are mentioned in hunting jobs today EXCEPT _________.
A. learning about different professions
B. deciding on a profession
C. doing a Ph.D degree
D. getting information about necessary skills or degrees
Question 39: The word “marketable” as used in the second paragraph could be best replaced by ________.
A. beneficial B. profitable
C. wanted D. well-paid
Question 40: It can be inferred from the passage that what determine one's success in job hunting is ________.
A. discovery of his or her own dream job
B. his or her choices of employment agencies
C. his or her degrees or skills
D. his or her career counsellors
Question 41: According to the second paragraph, why is it important for us to learn about various professions?
A. Because jobs in computer technology and health services are popular.
B. So as not to miss the profession that is perfect for us.
C. Since more jobs are available for people with a Master of Science Degree.
D. As technological advances have created new professions.
Question 42: The phrase “through word-of-mouth” in the first paragraph probably means _________.
A. via phone B. visually
C. in person D. orally
Question 43: Why does the author mention the steps of job hunting in the past in the first paragraph?
A. To explain the important of a job opening.
B. To emphasize that job hunting is becoming more complex at present.
C. To indicate that the process of job hunting stays the same over time.
D. To define the process of job hunting.
Question 44: According to the last paragraph, career counselling is now a "big business” due to ________.
A. the appearance of “hot” new professions
B. the discovery of "dream jobs”
C. the large amount of money of job advice
D. the increasing popularity of job hopping
Question 45: The word “them” in the second paragraph refers to _________.
A. skills B. professions
C. areas D. degrees
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions.
Question 46: Jack bought that second-hand car and he then recognized that he shouldn't have done that.
A. Jack wished that he has not bought that second-hand car.
B. Jack wished that he did not buy that second-hand car.
C. Jack regretted to buy that second-hand car.
D. Jack regretted buying that second-hand car.
Question 47: “Would you like to come to my birthday party, Sarah?” asked Frederic.
A. Frederic asked if Sarah was able to come to his birthday party.
B. Frederic asked Sarah if she liked his birthday party or not.
C. Frederic invited Sarah to his birthday party.
D. Frederic reminded Sarah of his coming birthday party.
Question 48: I know I can convince Dave that I'm right about that matter.
A. I know I can bring Dave up to my way of thinking on this matter.
B. I know I can get Dave round my way of thinking on that matter.
C. I know I can bring Dave round to my way of thinking on this matter.
D. I know I can bring Dave around my way of thinking on this matter.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions.
Question 49: The student next to me kept chewing gum. That bothered me a lot.
A. The student next to me bothering me a lot kept chewing gum.
B. The student next to me kept chewing gum bothered me a lot.
C. The student next to me kept chewing gum that bothered me a lot.
D. The student next to me kept chewing gum, which bothered me a lot.
Question 50: I suppose they are very tired. They have been working all morning.
A. Because they have been working hard they are now very tired.
B. They must be very tired as they have been working all morning.
C. They can be very tired due to working all moming.
D. They were very tired because of a hard working moming.
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