Đề số 54 - Đề thi thử THPT Quốc Gia môn Tiếng Anh

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Đáp án và lời giải chi tiết Đề số 54 - Đề thi thử THPT Quốc Gia môn Tiếng Anh

Đề bài

Mark the letter A, B, C, D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

Question 1.

A. measurement         B. information 

C. economic                D. engineer

Question 2.

A. facilities                  B. particular

C. inhabitant               D. governmental

Mark the letter A, B, C, D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underline is pronounced differently from the rest.

Question 3.

A. advanced                B. surprised

C. orphaned                D. weighed

Question 4.

A. thereupon                B. thrill

C. through                   D. throne

Mark the letter A, B, C, D on your answer sheet to show the underlined part that needs correction.

Question 5. Several (A) people have apparent (B) tried to change the man’s mind (C) , but he refuses to listen (D) .

Question 6. Students suppose (A) to read all the questions (B) carefully and find out (C) the answer to them (D) .

Question 7. Public health (A) experts say that the money one spends avoiding illness (B) is less than the cost (C) of to treat (D) sickness.

Mark the letter A, B, C, D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following question.

Question 8. Lack of sleep over the last few months is finally            Jane.

A. catching up with  

B. getting on with

C. coming over    

D. putting on

Question 9. In China’s largest psychiatric facility, there is a serious lack of resources but the staff try hard to

                        this in their treatment of the patients.

A. make up for                  B. go in for

C. put up with                    D. set in for

Question 10. Of all the factors affecting agricultural yields, the weather is the one_____the most.

A. that influences farmers

B. farmers that is influences

C. why farmers influence it 

D. it influences farmers

Question 11. The passport she carried was       .

A. artificial                  B. imitation

C. untrue                    D. false

Question 12. Jane’s eyes burned and her shoulders ached. She        at the computer for five straight hours. Finally, she took a break.

A. has sat 

B. has been sitting 

C. had been sitting 

D. had sat

Question 13. He showed his         for the TV program by switching it off.

A. distaste                   B. discontent

C. annoyance               D. boredom

Question 14. It is necessary that he         of his old parents.

A. takes care               B. to take care

C. take care                 D. took care

Question 15. The two countries have reached an agreement through dialogues described as ________

A. productive              B. unproductive

C. productivity             D. counterproductive

Question 16. People usually can get sufficient          of the calcium their bodies need from the food they consume.

A. variety                    B. source

C. amount                   D. number

Question 17. The weather is going to change soon; I feel it in my         .

A. body                       B. legs

C. skin                         D. bones

Question 18. Kelly wanted to have a live band           at her wedding.

A. to be played           B. played 

C. play                       D. been playing

Question 19. It is a top secret. You       tell anyone about it.

A. won’t                      B. needn’t

C. mustn’t                   D. mightn’t

Mark the letter A, B, C or D n your answer sheet to indicate the most suitable response to complete each of the following exchanges.

Question 20. – John: ―How about giving me a hand?‖

- Tom: - ____________

A. I promise.

B. No, not yet

C. Sure, I’d be glad to help.

D. You’re welcome!

Question 21. – Liz: ―Thanks for the nice gift you brought to us!‖

                      - Jennifer: - ____________

A. Alright. Do you know how much it costs? 

B. Not at all. Don’t mention it.

C. Actually speaking, I myself don’t like it.

D. Welcome! It’s very nice of you.

Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word of phrase that is CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined part in each of the following question.

Question 22. Few businesses are flourishing in the present economic climate.

A. taking off               B. setting up

C. growing well           D. closing down

Question 23. The dog saw his reflection in the pool of water.

A. imagination               B. bone

C. leash                        D. image

Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word of phrase that is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined part in each of the following question.

Question 24. We ought to keep these proposals secret from the chairman for the time being.

A. revealed                      B. frequented

C. accessible                    D. lively

Question 25. They protested about the inhumane treatment of the prisoners.

A. vicious                         B. warmhearted

C. callous                         D. cold blooded

Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions.

Question 26. It is English pronunciation that puzzles me most.

A. Pronouncing English is not complicated.

B. I was not quick at English pronunciation at school.

C. Puzzling me most is how to pronounce English.

D. English pronunciation is difficult for me.

Question 27. The woman was too weak to lift the suitcase.

A. The woman wasn’t able to lift the suitcase, so she was very weak.

B. The woman, though weak, could lift the suitcase.

C. So weak was the woman that she couldn’t lift the suitcase.

D. The woman shouldn’t have lifted the suitcase as she was weak.

Question 28. “Would you like some more beer?” he asked.

A. He asked me if I liked some more beer.

B. He wanted to invite me for a glass of beer.

C. He offered me some more beer.

D. He asked me would I like some more beer.

Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions.

Question 29. My Tam is a pop star. She has many famous songs.

A. My Tam, who has many famous songs, is a pop star.

B. My Tam, that has many famous songs, is a pop star.

C. My Tam, whose has many famous songs, is a pop star.

D. My Tam, which has many famous songs, is a pop star.

Question 30. I’m not rich. I can’t help other people.

A. If I am rich, I can help other people.

B. If I were rich, I can help other people.

C. If I am rich, I could help other people.

D. If I were rich, I could help other people.

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.

A pioneering study by Donald Appleyard made the astounding discovery that a sudden increase in the volume of traffic through an area affects people in the way that a sudden increase in crime does. Appleyard observed this by finding three blocks of houses in San Francisco that looked much alike and had the same kind of middle-class and working-class residents, with approximately the same ethnic mix. The difference was that only 2,000 cars a day ran down Octavia Street (LIGHT street, in Appleyard’s terminology) while Gough Street (MEDIUM street) was used by 8,000 cars daily, and Franklin Street (HEAVY street) had around 16,000 cars a day. Franklin Street often had as many cars in an hour as Octavia had in a day.

Heavy traffic brought with it danger, noise, fumes and soot, directly, and trash secondarily. That is, the cars didn’t bring in much trash, but when trash accumulated, residents seldom picked it up. The cars, Appleyard determined, reduced the amount of territory residents felt responsible for. Noise was a constant intrusion into their homes. Many Franklin Street residents covered their doors and windows and spent most of their time in the rear of their houses. Most families with children had already left.

Conditions on Octavia Street were much different. Residents picked up trash. They sat on their front steps and chatted with neighbors. They had three times as many friends and twice as many acquaintances as the people on Franklin.

On Gough Street, residents said that the old feeling of community was disappearing as traffic increased. People were becoming more and more preoccupied with their own lives. A number of families had recently moved and more were considering. Those who were staying expressed deep regret at the destruction of their community.

Question 31. The word astounding  in line 1 is closest in meaning to                   .

A. startling                    B. disappointing

C. dubious                     D. alternative

Question 32. The three streets mentioned in this passage are different in that           .

A. they are in different cities.

B. the residents are of different ethnic backgrounds.

C. they have varying amounts of traffic.

D. the income levels of the residents vary considerably.

Question 33. Approximately how many cars used Franklin Street daily?

A. 2,000                    B. 8,000

C. 16,000                  D. 20,000

Question 34. All of the following are direct results of heavy traffic EXCEPT          .

A. increased amount of trash

B. greater danger to residents

C. more pollution

D. more vibrations

Question 35. The author’s main purpose in the second paragraph is to           .

A. discuss the problem of trash disposal

B. point out the disadvantage of heavy traffic

C. propose an alternate system of transportation

D. suggest ways to cope with traffic problems

Question 36. Which of the following is NOT a statement you would expect from a resident of Gough Street?

A. People on this street are unhappy because the neighborhood is deteriorating.

B. People on this street think mostly of themselves.

C. People on this street have more and more space for which they feel responsible.

D. A number of people are preparing to leave this street.

Question 37. In what order does the author present detailed discussions of the three streets?





Question 38. What is the writer’s attitude toward heavy traffic when he mentions the Appleyard’s study?

A. neutral                         B. favorable 

C. critical                          D. doubtful

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.

Dinosaurs were reptiles that lived during a period of earth’s history called the Mesozoic Era, which is known as the Age of Reptiles. The first dinosaurs appeared more than 200 million years ago. For many millions of years, they dominated the land with their huge size and strength. Then about 65 million years ago, they died out rather suddenly, never to reemerge.

The word dinosaur comes from two Greek words meaning “terrible lizard”.  Dinosaurs were not lizards, but their appearance could be truly terrifying. The biggest ones weighed more than ten times as much as a mature elephant and nearly equaled the size of most modern day whales. The famous kinds of dinosaurs, including the brontosaur and tyrannosaurus, reached 80 to 90 feet in length. Not all dinosaurs were giants, however, some were actually no larger than a chicken.

Scientists still do not know what caused dinosaur to disappear. One theory involves a change in the earth’s climate. It is believed that temperature dropped significantly towards the end of the Cretaceous Period. Too large to hibernate and not having fur or feathers for protection, it is possible that the climate became too chilly for dinosaurs. In contrast, other species having protection, such as the mammals and birds, were able to survive.

Question 39. The word “ones” in the passage refers to             

A. dinosaurs                   B. millions

C. lizards                        D. whales

Question 40. The word “chilly” in the passage refers to         

A. very hot                      B. extremely cold 

C. very cold                     D. humid

Question 41. What is the best title for this passage?

A. The Domination of the Land 

B. The Metabolism of Dinosaurs

C. Earth’s Largest Reptiles 

D. The History of Earth

Question 42. It can be inferred from the passage that the Age of Reptiles lasted about    

A. 200 million years 

B. 135 million years 

C. 80 million years

D. 65 million years

Question 43. The author uses the phrase ―never to reemerge‖ to indicate the dinosaurs            

A. became extinct               B. went into hiding

C. never died out                D. lost their way

Question 44. According to the passage, what is true about the size of dinosaurs?

A. It made them the largest creatures ever on earth.   

B. It varied quite greatly.

C. It guaranteed their survival. 

D. It was rather uniform.

Question 45. Which of the following can be inferred about mammals and birds?

A. Most have either fur or feathers over their bodies.

B. They preceded the dinosaurs.

C. They were too large to hibernate.

D. They could not survive the chilly temperatures.

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word for each of the blanks from 46 to 50.

Vietnamese generally shake hands when greeting and parting. Using both hands shows respect as does a (46)                     bow of the head. In rural areas, elderly people who do not extend their hand are greeted with a slight bow. Women are more likely to bow the head than to shake hands. Vietnamese names begin with the family name and are (47)                      by a given name. People address one another by their given names, but add a title that indicates their perceived relationship to the other person. These titles are family related rather than professional. Among colleagues, for example, the younger of the two might combine the given name with the title of ―Anh‖ (Older Brother). A/n (48)                              greeting combined with the given name and title is “Xin chao” (Hello). Classifiers for gender and familiarity are also combined with the greeting. In formal meetings, business cards are sometimes exchanged on greeting.

Vietnamese have a strong (49)                      of hospitality and feel embarrassed if they cannot show their guests full respect by preparing for their arrival. Therefore, it is (50)                       to visit someone without having been invited. Gifts are not required, but are appreciated. Flowers, incense, or tea may be appropriate gifts for the hosts. Hosts also appreciate a small gift for their children or elderly parents.

Question 46.

A. light              B. slight

C. lightly            D. lighted

Question 47.

A. continued     B. chased

C. followed        D. forwarded

Question 48.

A. easy              B. basic

C. fundamental   D. elementary

Question 49.

A. sense             B. sensation

C. sensitivity       D. sensibility

Question 50.

A. inactive           B. inaccurate

C. inappropriate   D. inexact

Lời giải chi tiết

1 2 3 4 5
A    D A A B
6 7 8 9 10
11 12 13 14 15
16 17 18 19 20
21 22 23 24 25
26 27 28 29 30
31 32 33 34 35
A C C  D B
36 37 38 39 40
41 42 43 44 45
46 47 48 49 50


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