Đáp án và lời giải chi tiết Đề số 44 - Đề thi thử THPT Quốc Gia môn Tiếng Anh
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress in each of the following questions.
A. diverse B. current
C. justice D. series
A. interview B. compliment
C. sacrifice D. represent
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.
A. supportive B. substantial
C. compulsory D. curriculum
A. listens B. reviews
C. protects D. enjoys
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following question.
Question 5. If an alarm _____, the thieves wouldn’t have broken into his house.
B. had installed
C. have installed
D. had been installed
Question 6. I know you didn’t want to upset me but I’d sooner you _____ the whole truth yesterday.
A. have told B. told
C. could have told D. had told
Question 7. A fire in the _____ building could be a problem for fightfires.
Question 8. There has been little rain in this area for months, _____?
A. has it B. has there
C. hasn’t it D. hasn’t there
Question 9. She could _____ in the garden when we came around, which would explain why she didn’t hear the bell.
B. be working
C. have worked
D. have been working
Question 10. The party leader traveled the length and _____ of the country in an attempt to spread his message.
A. width B. distance
C. diameter D. breadth
Question 11. Many young people have objected to _____ marriage, which is decided by the parents of the bride and groom.
A. sacrificed B. contractual
C. agreed D. shared
Question 12. The doctor _____ the cut on my knee and said it had completely healed up.
A. looked into B. researched
C. examined D. investigated
Question 13. Karen is so _____ that she thinks she is more important than anyone else.
A. meticulous B. pretentious
C. ironic D. susceptible
Question 14. “This room is filled with smoke”. “Yes, this is a ____ room.”
A. smoke-filled B. smoke-filling
C. filling-smoke D. smoking-filled
Question 15. As an ASEAN member, Vietnam has actively participated in the groups programs and has also created new_____ and cooperation mechanics.
A. initiatives B. initiators
C. initiations D. initiates
Question 16. Vietnam U23 made not only Asia but also Europe keep a close eye on them. They _____ internationally.
A. have made headlines
B. had made headlines
C. have done headlines
D. did headlines
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Question 17. The first few days at university can be very daunting, but with determination and positive attitude, freshman will soon fit in with the new environment.
A. interesting B. memorable
C. serious D. depressing
Question 18. The guards were ordered to get to the king’s room on the double.
A. in a large number
B. very quickly
C. on the second floor
D. every two hours
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Question 19. Strongly advocating healthy foods, Jane doesn’t eat any chocolate.
A. denying B. supporting
C. advising D. impugning
Question 20. The nominating committee always meet behind closed doors, lest its deliberations become known prematurely.
A. privately B. safely
C. publicly D. dangerously
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the most suitable response to complete each of the following exchanges.
Question 21. “What’s the matter? You don’t look very well.” – “I feel a little _____.”
A. out of the blue
B. out of order
C. under the weather
D. under a cloud
Question 22. Jane: “Would you mind if I use your computer for an hour?” – Tony: “______.”
A. Not at all. I’ve finished my job
B. Yes, you can use it
C. Of course not. I still need it now
D. Yes, it’s all right
Read the following passage and mark A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the blanks.
Modern industry pollutes, and it also seem to cause significant changes to the climate. What is needed is an industry that (23) _____ the benefits without the costs. And the glimmerings of such an industry can now be (24) ______.
That industry is based on biotechnology. At the moment, biotech’s main uses are in medicine and agriculture. However, its biggest long term impact maybe industrial. Biotechnology will (25) _____ demand for oil by taking the cheapest raw materials imaginable, carbon dioxide and water, and using them to make fuel and plastics.
Plastics and fuels made in this way would have several advantages. They can be called “renewable”, (26) _____ nothing is depleted to make them. They would be part of the natural carbon cycle, borrowing that element from the atmosphere for a few months, and returning it when they were burned or (27) _____. That means they could not possibly contribute to global warming. They would also be environmentally friendly in other ways.
All in all, the future could be green in ways that traditional environmentalists had not expected.
A. delivers B. collects
C. reaps D. produces
A. distinguished B. discerned
C. considered D. viewed
A. satisfy B. preserve
C. boost D. diminish
A. although B. since
C. otherwise D. therefore
A. garbaged B. wasted
C. disposed D. dumped
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.
Pollution is a threat to many species on Earth, but sometimes it can cause species to thrive. Such is the case with Pfiesteria piscicida. A one-celled creature called a dinoflagellate, Pfiesteria inhabits warm coastal areas and river mouths, especially along the eastern United States. Although scientists have found evidence of Pfiesteria in 3,000-year-old sea floor sediments and dinoflagellates are thought to be one of the oldest life forms on earth, few people took notice of Pfiesteria.
Lately, however, blooms – or huge, dense populations – of Pfiesteria are appearing in coastal waters, and in such large concentrations the dinoflagellates become ruthless killers. The blooms emit powerful toxins that weaken and entrap fish that swim into the area. The toxins eventually cause the fish to develop large bleeding sores through which the tiny creatures attack, feasting on blood and flesh. Often the damage is astounding. During a 1991 fish kill that was blamed on Pfiesteria on North California’s Neuse River, nearly one billion fish died and bulldozers had to be brought in to clear the remains from the river. Of course, such events can have a devasting effect on commercially important fish, but that is just one way that Pfiesteria causes problems. The toxins it emits affect human skin in much the same way as they affect fish skin. Additionally, fisherman and others who have spent time near Pfiesteria blooms report that the toxins seem to get into the air, where once inhaled they affect the nervous system, causing severe headaches, blurred vision, nausea, breathing difficulty, short-term memory loss and even cognitive impairment. For a while, it seemed that deadly Pfiesteria blooms were a threat only to North Carolina waters, but the problem seems to be spreading. More and more, conditions along the east coast seem to be favorable for Pfiesteria. Researchers suspect that pollutants such as animal waste from livestock operations, fertilizers washed from farmlands and waste water from mining operations have probably all combined to promote the growth of Pfiesteria in coastal water.
Question 28. What is true of Pfiesteria?
A. It seems to flourish in the presence of certain pollutants
B. It has been a menace to fish and humans for over 3000 years
C. It is the oldest life form on earth
D. In large concentrations, it poses a threat to fish but not to humans
Question 29. What is the main function of the toxins emitted by the dinoflagellates?
A. They are quick-acting poisons that will kill fish within minutes
B. They weaken the fish just long enough for the Pfiesteria to attack
C. They cause fish to develop wounds on which the creatures feed
D. They damage the nervous system of potential predators
Question 30. The word "astounding" in the passage is closest in meaning to ______.
Question 31. What were bulldozers used for in the Neuse River?
A. cleaning up the sediment at the bottom of the river
B. excavating holes to bury the dead fish
C. scooping up the vast number of dead fish in the water
D. removing the huge amounts of Pfiesteria from the river
Question 32. According to paragraph 2, what will NOT happen if one breathes the toxic air?
B. visual impairments
C. circulatory difficulty
D. terrible headaches
Question 33. What is especially worrying about Pfiesteria blooms?
A. Conditions are becoming increasingly favorable for their spread
B. They are fatal to humans who come in contact with them
C. They have devastated the fishing industry in US coastal waters
D. Researchers have no idea as to exactly what cause them
Question 34. All of the following are true, according to the passage, EXCEPT ______.
A. Pfiesteria caused the death of about one billion fish in the late 1990s
B. animal and chemical waste from farmlands, livestock and mining operation may contribute to the expansion of Pfiesteria
C. Pfiesteria was not commonly noticed despite scientific findings
D. the toxic substances emitted by Pfiesteria have a similar effect on human and fish skin
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.
It is common knowledge that the Internet, often called simply Net, is the largest network of computers in the world. It connects businesses, institutions and individuals. One of its main uses is communication, and electronic mail, or e-mail, is probably the most popular use of the Internet. Although the Net is widely used by people of all ages, many adults are now concerned about is possibly harmful effects on young people.
For example, chatting is a popular activity on the Net. Electronic chat rooms are Internet sites where people can communicate directly with one another. These chat rooms are quite popular with children. However, adults with inappropriate or illegal motives may also join chat rooms. Sometimes these adults try to arrange face-to-face meetings with unsuspecting victims. There have cases where children have been tricked by adults who pass them off as children and who give information that provokes to be entirely false.
Another cause of worry for parents is the huge amount of information accessible to users of the Internet. Not all information on the Net is accurate, and some deliberately misleading. In addition, parents worry that children may be exposed to harmful material. For instance, there are innumerable sites where explicitly violent or pornographic scenes are shown. Moreover, many organizations maintain hate sites that present racist or politically extreme views.
The Internet has tremendous potential for good, but it has also led to some serious questions about appropriate use. Where protection of their children is needed, parents should not hesitate to intervene. Unlimited freedom on the Net can lead to serious, sometimes dangerous, consequences.
Question 35. The author generally believes that children _____.
A. can learn a great deal from the Net
B. should never be allowed to use the Net
C. should not have unsupervised access to the Net
D. should be allowed to use the Net today
Question 36. According to the first paragraph, which group is most likely to be worried about children’s use of the Internet?
C. business people
D. people who work in institutions
Question 37. In chat rooms, _____.
A. people communicate face-to-face
B. people may give a false impression
C. you know who you are talking to
D. parents and children communicate with each other
Question 38. The expression pass themselves off as in paragraph 2 means ____.
A. look like B. participate
C. pretend to be D. contribute
Question 39. What can we understand about the face-to-face meetings mentioned in paragraph 2?
A. All people in chat groups have them.
B. They may turn out to be harmful to children.
C. They help to communicate better.
D. They give children false information.
Question 40. The racist and political extreme views mentioned in paragraph 3 are example of _____.
A. what you see on some Internet sites
B. what children think they use the Internet
C. parental intervention
D. the huge amount of information available.
Question 41. We can understand from the passage that _____.
A. there is not enough supervision on the Internet
B. politicians control the Internet
C. parents should not intervene
D. the Internet leads to criminal activity
Question 42. It seems that the main point the author is trying to make about the Internet is that it _____.
A. can be dangerous
B. provides unlimited access to information
C. is beneficial
D. should only be used by adults
Mark the letter A, B, C or D in your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions.
Question 43. Ginger is three times hotter than cumin, but not as hot as chili powder.
A. three times B. hotter than
C. not D. hot as
Question 44. Historically, it was the 3rd Asian Games in Japan that tennis, volleyball, table tennis and hockey were added.
B. was the 3rd Asian Games
Question 45. He was so careless that he left the work half doing and went to the cinema.
A. was B. careless
C. left D. doing
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions.
Question 46. He reluctantly accepted that he would have to spend the evening on his own.
A. He resigned spending the evening on his own unhappily.
B. He resigned himself to spending the evening on his own.
C. If he disagreed reluctantly, he would spend the evening on his own.
D. He did not accept spending the evening on his own.
Question 47. We can’t possibly offer a higher salary in these terrible economic conditions.
A. It is impossible for us to employ you until the economic conditions improve.
B. We could have offered you a higher salary if we had been better off financially.
C. Unless the economic conditions improve, you will not be able to earn a higher salary.
D. If the economic climate was better, it would be possible for us to offer you a higher salary.
Question 48. People think that traffic congestion in the downtown area is due to the increasing number of private cars.
A. Traffic congestion in the downtown area is blamed for the increasing number of private cars.
B. The increasing number of private cars is thought to be responsible for traffic congestion in the downtown area.
C. The increasing number of private cars is attributed to traffic congestion in the downtown area.
D. Traffic congestion in the downtown area is thought to result in the increasing number of private cars.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions.
Question 49. He did not remember the meeting. He went out for a coffee with his friends then.
A. Not remember the meeting, he went out for a coffee with his friends.
B. Not to remember the meeting, he went out for a coffee with his friends.
C. Not remembered the meeting, he went out for a coffee with his friends.
D. Not remembering the meeting, he went out for a coffee with his friends.
Question 50. The film was not interesting. However, he tried to watch the whole film.
A. In spite of the film uninteresting, he tried to watch the whole film.
B. Uninteresting as the film was, he tried to watch the whole film.
C. Despite of uninteresting film, he tried to watch the whole film.
D. Uninteresting as was the film, he tried to watch the whole film.
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