Đáp án và lời giải chi tiết Đề số 31 - Đề thi thử THPT Quốc Gia môn Tiếng Anh
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.
Question 1: She finally admitted that she broke the pot_____________.
A. purposefully B. clumsily
C. willingly D. deliberately
Question 2. When Tet holiday comes, Vietnamese people often feel inclined to _________ their houses.
A. do up B. do in
Question 3. The strike was ________ owing to a last-minute agreement with the management.
A. called off B. broken up
Question 4. It was announced that neither the passengers nor the driver _________ in the crash.
A. are injured
B. was injured
C. were injured
D. have been injured
Question 5. In today’s paper it __________ that we shall have an eclection this year.
A. says B. admits
Question 6. Peter was ejected after committing five personal _________ in water sport game yesterday.
A. mistakes B. faults
Question 7. Toxic chemicals in the air and land have driven many species to te ________ of extinction.
A. tip B. edge
Question 8. She ran _________ an interesting articles about fashion while she was reading the newspaper.
A. after B. across
Question 9. It’s a secret. You _________ let anyone know about it.
A. musstn’t B. needn’t
Question 10. You should make a(n) __________ to overcome this problem.
A. trial B. imrpression
Question 11. Nothing ever seems to bother Colin. No matter what happens, he always seems to remain as cool as _________ .
A. cool feet B. ice- cream
C. a cucumber D. as Eskimo
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word or phrase that is CLOSEST in meaning to indicate the underlined part in each of the following questions.
Question 12. We had to list the chronology of events in World War II on our test.
A. time sequence
Question 13. The team wasn’t playing well, so the coach took the bull by the horns and sacked several senior players.
A. made the right decision
B. made the wrong decision
C. made a bold decision
D. made a final decision
Mark the letter A,B , C or D on your answer sheet to showthe underlined part that needs correction.
Question 14. I found my new (A) contact lenses strangely (B) at first, but I got used to (C) them in the end (D).
Question 15. Dreaming, like all (A) other mental processes, it is (B) a product of the brain (C) and its activity (D).
Question 16. Japanese (A) initially used (B) jeweled objects to decorate (C) swords and ceremonial items (D).
Question 17. The grass needs (A) cutting (B), so let (C) us have one of the men to take (D) lawn- mower and do it.
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet ton indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 18 to 25.
There are a number of natural disasters that can strike across the globe. Two that are frequently linked to one another are earthquakes and tsunamis. Both of them can cause a great amount of devastation when they hit. However, tsunamis are the direct result of earthquakes and cannot happen without them.
The Earth has three main parts. They are the crust, the mantle, and the core. The crust is the outer layer of the Earth. It is not a single piece of land. Instead, it is comprised of a number of plates. There are a few enormous plates and many smaller ones. These plates essentially rest upon the mantle, which is fluid. As a result, the plates are in constant - yet slow - motion. The plates may move away from or toward other plates. In some cases, they collide violently with the plates adjoining them. The movement of the plates causes tension in the rock. Over a long time, this tension may build up. When it is released, an earthquake happens.
Tens of thousands of earthquakes happen every year. The vast majority are so small that only scientific instruments can perceive them. Others are powerful enough that people can feel them, yet they cause little harm or damage. More powerful earthquakes, however, can cause buildings, bridges, and other structures to collapse. They may additionally injure and kill thousands of people and might even cause the land to change its appearance.
Since most of the Earth’s surface is water, numerous earthquakes happen beneath the planet’s oceans. Underwater earthquakes can cause the seafloor to move. This results in the displacement of water in the ocean . When this occurs , a tsunami may form. This is a wave that forms on the surface and moves in all directions from the place where the earthquake happened. A tsunami moves extremely quickly and can travel thousands of kilometres. As it approaches land, the water near the coast gets sucked out to sea. This causes the tsunami to increase in height. Minutes later, the tsunami arrives. A large tsunami - one more than ten meters in height- can travel far inland. As it does that, it can flood the land, destroy human settlements, and kill large numbers of people.
Question 18. Which of the following is true regarding the crust?
A. It is the smallest of the Earth's three layers.
B. It is thicker on land than it is under the water.
C. There many separate pieces that make it up.
D. The mantle beneath it keeps it from moving too much.
Question 19. The word "perceive" in bold in paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to___________.
A. detect B. comprehend
Question 20. What is the passage mainly about?
A. When earthquakes are the most likely to happen.
B. What kind of damage natural disasters
C. How earthquakes and tsunamis occur can cause.
D. Why tsunamis are deadlier than earthquakes.
Question 21. The word "adjoining" in bold in paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to___________.
A. residing B. approaching
C. bordering C. appearing
Question 22. Which of the following is NOT mentioned in paragraph 3 about earthquakes?
A. How severe the majority of them are
B. How often powerful ones take place
C. How many people they typically kill
D. What kind of damage they can cause
Question 23. Which of the following statements does paragraph 1 support?
A. A tsunami happens in tandem with an earthquake.
A. Earthquakes cause more destruction than tsunamis.
C. The most severe type of natural disaster is an earthquake.
D. Earthquakes frequently take place after tsunamis do.
Question 24. The word "it" in bold in paragraph 2 refers to___________.
A. The mantle B. The crust
Question 25. Based on the passage, what is probably true about tsunamis?
A. They are able to move as fast as the speed of sound.
B. They cannot damage ships sailing on the ocean.
C. They can be deadly to people standing near shore.
D. They kill more people each year than earthquakes.
Mark the letter A, B, C or D to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions.
Question 26. Tom was encouraged by my success. He decided not to quit his work.
A. Encouraged by my success, Tom decided not to quit his work.
B. Encouraging by my success, Tom decided not to quit his work.
C. To be encouraged by my success, Tom decided not to quit his work.
D. That he was encouraged by success, Tom decided not to quit his work.
Question 27. The new restaurant looks good. However, it seems to have few customers.
A. In order to get more business, the new restaurant should improve its appearance.
B. The new restaurantwould have more sustomers if it looked better.
C. If it had a new more customers, the new restaurant would look better.
D. In spite of its appearance, the new restaurant does not appear to attract much business.
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to choose the sentence which is closest in meaning to the given one.
Question 28. It is possible that the fire in the ship was started by a bomb.
A. They say that a bomb started the fire in the ship.
B. The fire in the ship might have been started by a bomb.
C. It shall be said the fire in the ship had been started by a bomb.
D. The fire in the ship is known to have been started by a bomb.
Question 29. Had Kathy studied hard, she would have passed the examination.
A. Kathy knew that she would succeed in the examination.
B. But for her hard study, Kathy would have succeeded in the examination.
C. Kathy studied very hard but she did not succeed in the examination.
D. Kathy did not study hard, so she failed.
Question 30. “Would you mind moving the bicycle?” said the janitor. “It’s in the way.”
A. The janitor advised me to move the bicycle and said that it was in the way.
B. The janitor asked if I woul mind moving the bicycle and said to me that it was in the way.
C. The janitor told me to move the bicycle because it was in the way.
D. The janitor suggested moving the bicycle and told that it was in the way.
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet ton indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 31 to 37.
Archaeological records paintings, drawings, and carvings of humans engaged in activities involving the use of hands indicate that humans have been predominantly right-handed for more than 5,000 years. In ancient Egyptian artwork, for example, the right-hand is depicted as the dominant one in about 90percent of the examples. Fracture or wear patterns on tools also indicate that a majority of ancient people were right-handed.
Cro-Magnon cave paintings some 27,000years old commonly show outlines of human hands made by placing one hand against the cave wall and applying paint with the other. Children today make similar outlines of their hands with crayons on paper. With few exceptions, left hands of Cro-Magnons are displayed on cave walls, indicating that the paintings were usually done by right-handers.
Anthropological evidence pushes the record of handedness in early human ancestors back to at least 1.4 million years ago. One important line of evidence comes from flaking patterns of stone cores used in toolmaking: implements flaked with a clockwise motion (indicating a right-handed toolmaker) can be distinguished from those flaked with a counter-clockwise rotation (indicating a left-handed toolmaker).
Even scratches found on fossil human teeth offer clues. Ancient humans are thought to have cut meat into strips by holding it between their teeth and slicing it with stone knives, as do the present-day Inuit. Occasionally the knives slip and leave scratches on the users` teeth. Scratches made with a left-to- right stroke direction (by right-handers) are more common than scratches in the opposite direction (made by left-handers).
Still other evidence comes from cranial morphology: scientists think that physical differences between the right and left sides of the interior of the skull indicate subtle physical differences between the two sides of the brain. The variation between the hemispheres corresponds to which side of the body is used to perform specific activities. Such studies, as well as studies of tool use, indicate that right- or left-sided dominance is not exclusive to modern Homo sapiens. Populations of Neanderthals, such as Homo erectus and Homo habilis, seem to have been predominantly right-handed, as we are.
Question 31. The word “clues” in line 14 is closest in meaning to
A. solutions B. details
Question 32. The word “other” in line 7 refers to
A. outline B. hand
Question 33. All of the following are mentioned as types of evidence concerning handedness EXCEPT…
A. ancient artwork
B. asymmetrical skulls
C. studies of tool use
D. fossilized hand bones
Question 34. The fact that the Inuit cut meat by holding it between their teeth is significant because……
A. the relationship between handedness and scratches on fossil human teeth can be verified
B. it emphasizes the differences between contemporary humans and their ancestors
C. the scratch patterns produced by stone knives vary significantly from patterns produced by modern knives
D. it demonstrates that ancient humans were not skilled at using tools
Question 35. Why does the author mention Homo erectus and Habilis in line 23-24?
A. To contrast them with modern humans
B. To explain when human ancestors began to make tools
C. To show that early humans were also predominantly right-handed
D. To prove that the population of Neanderthals was very large
Question 36. What is the main idea of the passage?
A. Human ancestors became predominantly right-handed when they began to use tools.
B. It is difficult to interpret the significance of anthropological evidence concerning tool use.
C. Humans and their ancestors have been predominantly right-handed for over a million years.
D. Human ancestors were more skilled at using both hands than modern humans.
Question 37. What does the author say about Cro-Magnon paintings of hands?
A. Some are not very old.
B. It is unusual to see such paintings.
C. Many were made by children.
D. The artists were mostly right-handed.
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word or phrase that is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined part n each of the following questions.
Question 38. Sorry, I can’t come to your party. I am snowed under with work at the moment .
A. relaxed about B. busy with
C. interested in D. free from
Question 39. The power failure at dinnertime caused consternation among the city’s housewisves.
A. anxiety B. calm
C. dismay D. deliberation
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word wose underlined part differs from other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.
A. lunch B. kitchen
C. technology D. purchase
A. embarrassed B. beloved
C. naked D. adopted
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best completes each of the following exchanges.
Question 42. Teacher: “ Janet, you’ve written a much better essay this time”.
Janet: “ ……………………………”
A. Writing? Why?
B. Thank you. It’s really encouraging
D. What did you sya? I’m so shy.
Question 43. Ken and Tom are high-school students. They are discussing where their study group will meet. Select the most suitable response to fill in the blank.
Ken: “ Where is our study group going to meet next weekend?” Tom: “_____”
A. We are too busy on weekdays.
B. The library would be best.
C. Why don’t you look at the atlas.
D. Studying in a group is great fun.
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word from the rest in the position of the main stress in each of the following questions.
A. symbolic B. popular
C. dimention D. pollution
A. enter B. supply
C. allow D. begin
Read the following the passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrasethat best fits each of the numbered blanks.
From the next year, every student in their final rear at our school will study for a compulsory Diploma of Practical Achievement. This will be in addition to the normal examinations. Up to now, the course has been optional, but from now on every student must (31)_________it.
The aim is to (32)__________ students with "life skills", which the Diploma divides into eight categories. These cover a range of things relevant to life beyond school, from sending an e-mail to giving presentation to an audience. Under the heading "survival", (33)_______, students can learn car mainternance, first aid and cooking. We have discovered that many students cannot do simple things such as mend a puncture or boil an egg. At the other extreme, the Diploma includes such things as how to design a webpage and how to cope if someone has a heart attack. It has been called a " Diploma in Common Sense".
On the course, students will not be taught in the traditional (34)__________, but rather will be guided and encouraged to do things for themselves. This is above all a practical "hand-on" course. To a greater or lesser extent, good schools have always tried to (35)__________these skills. Unfortunately, students have not always shown much interest because such skills are not directly related to passing exams for higher education. We hope this will change now that we have a proper course that will lead to a recognised diploma.
A. pick B. make
C. adopt D. take
A. equip B. give
C. offer D. donate
A. as a result B. therefore
C. otherwise D. for example
A. means B. approach
C. route D. way
A. grow B. develop
C. make D. do
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