Đáp án và lời giải chi tiết Đề số 52 - Đề thi thử THPT Quốc Gia môn Tiếng Anh
Read the following passage and mark A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the blanks.
Higher education also provides a competitive edge in the career market. We all know that in the economic times we are living in today, finding jobs is not guaranteed. The number of people unemployed is still relatively high, and the number of new career (1) isn’t nearly enough to put people in jobs they are seeking.
As a job seeker, you’re competing with a high number of experienced workers (2) have been out of the workforce for a while and are also seeking work. (3) , when you have a higher education, it generally equips you for better job security. Generally speaking, employers tend to value those who have completed college than those who have only completed high school and are more likely to replace that person who hasn’t (4) a higher education. Furthermore, some companies even go so far as to pay your tuition because they consider an educated (5) to be valuable to their organization. A college education is an investment that doesn’t just provide you with substantial rewards. It benefits the hiring company as well.
A. responsibilities B. activities
C. opportunities D. possibilities
A. who B. where
C. whose D. which
A. Otherwise B. Moreover
C. Therefore D. However
A. permitted B. refused
C. applied D. received
A. employment B. employer
C. employee D. unemployed
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.
A. campus B. plane
C. game D. base
A. enjoyed B. loved
C. joined D. helped
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress in each of the following questions.
A. parent B. attempt
C. women D. dinner
A. assistance B. appearance
C. position D. confidence
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following question.
Question 10: In 1959, the political philosopher Hannah Arendt became the first woman a full professor at Princeton University.
A. to appoint
B. who be appointed as
C. to be appointed
D. was appointed
Question 11: you like what I want to do or not, you won’t make me change my mind.
A. Because B. Whatever
C. If D. When
Question 12: Do you think doing the household chores is the of the women city?
A. responsible B. responsive
C. responsibility D. responsibly
Question 13: Peter has been studying for almost three years and he will have this degree and return to his country in six months.
A. others B. the other
C. other D. another
Question 14: You will have to your holiday if you are too ill to travel.
A. put aside B. call off
C. back out D. cut down
Question 15: Never before such a severe flood in this mountainous area.
A. do I see B. I have seen
C. I had seen D. have I seen
Question 16: With what my parents prepare for me in terms of education, I am about my future.
A. confide B. confident
C. confidence D. confidential
Question 17: The goal is to make higher education available to everyone who is will and capable his finacial situation.
A. regardless of B. owing to
C. in terms of D. with reference to
Question 18: number of boys were swimming in the lake, but I didn’t know exact number of them.
A. A/the B. A/an
C. The/the D. The/an
Question 19: The course was so difficult that I didn’t any progress at all.
A. do B. make
C. produce D. create
Question 20: Oxfam tries to send food to countries where people are suffering malnutrition.
A. by B. of
C. for D. from
Question 21: the table, Mr.Robert called the family for support.
A. Being laid B. Having laid
C. Have laid D. Having lying
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Question 22: This boy is poorly-educated and doesn’t know how to behave properly.
A. ignorant B. uneducated
C. knowledgeable D. rude
Question 23: Urbanization is the shift of people moving from rural to urban areas, and the result is the growth of cities.
A. transposition B. maintenance
C. variation D. movement
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the most suitable response to complete each of the following exchanges.
Question 24: Hoa is asking Hai, who is sitting at a corner of the room, seeming too shy.
- Hoa: “Why aren’t you taking part in our activites? ”
- Hai: “ Yes, I can. Certainly”
A. Can you help me with this decorations?
B. Can I help you?
C. Shall I take your hat off?
D. Could you please show me how to get the nearest post office?
Question 25: Mary is talking to a porter in the hotel lobby.
- Poter: “Shall I help you with your suitcase?”
- Mary: “ ”
A. That’s very kind of you.
B. What a pity!
C. I can’t agree more.
D. Not a chance.
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Question 26: Face-to-face socializing is not as preferred as virtual socializing among the youth.
A. instant B. available
C. direct D. facial
Question 27: With so many daily design resources, how do you stay-up-date with technology without spending too much time on it?
A. connect to the Internet all day
B. update new status
C. use social network daily
D. get latest information
Mark the letter A, B, C or D in your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions.
Question 28: Our teacher encourages us using a dictionary whenever we are unsure of the meaning of a word.
C. meaning of the word
Question 29: The number of students attending universities to study economics have increased steadily in the last few years.
A. economics B. of students
C. have D. attending
Question 30: I am not fond of reading fiction books as they are imaginable ones which are not real.
A. imaginable B. as
C. fond of D. are
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions.
Question 31: Mr. George is a famous author. Mr. George is also an influential speaker.
A. Mr. George is neither a famous author nor an influential speaker.
B. Mr. George likes writing famous books and making speechers.
C. Mr. George is a famous author, and he is also an influential speaker.
D. Mr. George wrires famous books, but he doesn’t know much about speeches.
Question 32: I have tried hard but I can’t earn enough money.
A. Although I have tried hard, I can’t earn enough money.
B. Inspite of I have tried hard, I can’t earn enough money.
C. Despite I have tried hard, I can’t earn enough money.
D. Although I have tried hard, but I can’t earn enough money.
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions.
Question 33: “ I’m sorry I gave you the wrong number”, said Paul to Susan.
A. Paul denied giving Susan the wrong number.
B. Paul apologized to Susan for giving the wrong number.
C. Paul thanked to Susan for giving the wrong number.
D. Paul accused Susan of giving him the wrong number.
Question 34: She has known how to play the piano for 5 years.
A. She didn’t play the piano 5 years ago.
B. She started play the piano 5 years ago.
C. She played the piano 5 years ago.
D. The last time she played the piano was 5 years ago.
Question 35: Without my teacher’s advice, I wouldn’t have participated in the competition.
A. If it hadn’t been for my teacher’s advice, I wouldn’t have participated in the competition.
B. If my tutor hadn’t advised me, I would have participated in the competition.
C. Had my teacher not advised me, I wouldn’t have participated in the competition.
D. If my teacher didn’t advised me, I wouldn’t have participated in the competition.
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.
Have you ever entered a tropical rainforest? It’s a special, dark place completely different from anywhere else. A rainforest is a place where the trees grow very tall. Millions of kinds of animals, insects, and plants live in the rainforest. It is hot and humid in a rainforest. It rains a lot in the rainforest, but sometimes you don't know it's raining. The trees grow so closely together that rain doesn't always reach the ground.
Rainforests make up only a small part of the Earth's surface, about six percent. They are found in tropical parts of the world. The largest rainforest in the world is the Amazon in South America. The Amazon covers 1.2 billion acres, or almost five million square kilometers. The second largest rainforest is in Western Africa. There are also rainforests in Central America, Southeast Asia, Northeastern Australia, and the Pacific Islands
Rainforests provide us with many things. In fact, the Amazon Rainforest is called the "lungs of our planet" because it produces twenty percent of the world's oxygen. One fifth of the world's fresh water is also found in the Amazon Rainforest. Furthermore, one half of the world's species of animals, plants, and insects live in the Earth's rainforests. Eighty percent of the food we eat first grew in the rainforest. For example, pineapples, bananas, tomatoes, corn, potatoes, chocolate, coffee, and sugar all came from rainforests.
Twenty-five percent of the drugs we take when we are sick are made of plants that grow only in rainforests. Some of these drugs are even used to fight and cure cancer. With all the good things we get from rainforests, it's surprising to find that we are destroying our rainforests. In fact, 1.5 acres, or 6,000 square meters, of rainforest disappear every second. The forests are being cut down to make fields for cows, to harvest the plants, and to clear land for farms. Along with losing countless valuable species, the destruction of rainforests creates many problems worldwide. Destruction of rainforests results in more pollution, less rain, and less oxygen for the world.
Question 36: What is the passage mainly about?
A. Where rainforest are located
B. Kinds of forests
C. Facts about rainforests
D. How much oxygen rainforests make
Question 37: According to the passage, rainforests provide human all of the following EXCEPT .
B. drugs used to fight and cure cancer
C. fresh water
D. lung problems
Question 38: Why is Amazon Rainforest called “Lungs of the planet”?
A. It provides much of our air.
B. It uses much of the world’s oxygen.
C. It helps us breathe.
D. It helps circulation.
Question 39: Where would you find the largest rainforest in the world?
A. Western Africa
B. Southeast Asia
C. in South America
D. Northeastern Australia
Question 40: The word “humid” in paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to .
A. cool B. moist
C. dehydrated D. dry
Question 41: The word “harvest” in paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to .
A. destroy B. reduce
C. create D. gather
Question 42: What is the most likely reason why the author is suprised that we are destroying rainforest?.
A. It will be too difficult to grow food without them.
B. They are necessary for the fight against cancer.
C. It will be too expensive to replant them.
D. They are necessary for the health of our planet.
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.
Not so long ago almost any student who successfully completed a university degree or diploma course could find a good career quite easily. Companies toured the academic institutions, competing with each other to recruit graduates. However, those days are gone, even in Hong Kong, and nowadays graduates often face strong competition in the search for jobs.
Most careers organizations highlight three stages for graduates to follow in the process of securing a suitable career: recognizing abilities, matching these to available vacancies and presenting them well to prospective employers.
Job seekers have to make a careful assessment of their own abilities. One area of assessment should be of their academic qualifications, which would include special skills within their subject area. Graduates should also consider their own personal values and attitudes, or the relative importance to themselves of such matters as money, security, leadership and caring for others. An honest assessment of personal interests and abilities such as creative or scientific skills, or skills acquired from work experience, should also be given careful thought.
The second stage is to study the opportunities available for employment and to think about how the general employment situation is likely to develop in the future. To do this, graduates can study job vacancies and information in newspapers or they can visit a careers office, write to possible employers for information or contact friends or relatives who may already be involved in a particular profession. After studying all the various options, they should be in a position to make informed comparisons between various careers.
Good personal presentation is essential in the search for a good career. Job application forms and letters should, of course, be filled in carefully and correctly, without grammar or spelling errors. Where additional information is asked for, job seekers should describe their abilities and work experience in more depth, with examples if possible. They should try to balance their own abilities with the employer's needs, explain why they are interested in a career with the particular company and try to show that they already know something about the company and its activities.
When graduates are asked to attend for interview, they should prepare properly by finding out all they can about the prospective employer. Dressing suitably and arriving for the interview on time are also obviously important. Interviewees should try to give positive and helpful answers and should not be afraid to ask questions about anything they are unsure about. This is much better than pretending to understand a question and giving an unsuitable answer.
There will always be good career opportunities for people with ability, skills and determination; the secret to securing a good job is to be one of them.
Question 43: In paragraph 1, 'those days are gone, even in Hong Kong', suggests that .
A. in the past, finding a good career was easier in Hong Kong than elsewhere.
B. it used to be harder to find a good job in Hong Kong than in other countries.
C. nowadays, everyone in Hong Kong has an equal chance of finding a good career.
D. even in Hong Kong companies tour the universities trying to recruit graduates.
Question 44: In the paragraph 2, “them” refers to .
B. three stages
C. careers organizations
D. available vacancies
Question 45: According to paragraph 4, graduates should .
A. ask friends or relatives to secure them a good job
B. find out as much as possible and inform employers of the comparisons they want
C. get information about a number of careers before making comparisons
D. find a good position and then compare it with other careers
Question 46: In paragraph 5, 'in more depth' could best be replaced by .
A. more honestly B. more carefully
C. using more word D. in greater detail
Question 47: The word “prospective” in paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to .
A. future B. generous
C. reasonable D. ambitious
Question 48: In paragraph 6, the writer seems to suggest that .
A. it is better for interviewees to be honest than to pretend to understand
B. interviewees should ask a question if they can't think of an answer
C. it is not a good idea for interviewees to be completely honest in their answers
D. pretending to understand a question is better than giving an unsuitable answer
Question 49: Which of the following sentences is closest in meaning to the paragraph 7?
A. Determined, skilled and able people can easily find a good career.
B. The secret of a sucessful interview is that interviewers have to possess skills, determination or ability.
C. Graduates should develop at least one of these areas to find a suitable career.
D. People with the right qualities should always be able to find a good career.
Question 50: According to the passage, which of the following is NOT true?
A. Businesses used to visit the universities in Hong Kong to recruit graduates.
B. Until recently it was quite easy for graduates to get good jobs in Hong Kong.
C. Job seekers should consider as many as possible of the factors involved.
D. Graduates sometimes have to take part in competitions to secure a good career.
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