Tiếng Anh 12

# Đề số 12 - Đề thi thử THPT Quốc Gia môn Tiếng Anh

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## Đáp án và lời giải chi tiết Đề số 12 - Đề thi thử THPT Quốc Gia môn Tiếng Anh

Đề bài

Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.

Question 1.

A. expands                       B. installs

C. swallows                       D. rejects

Question 2.

A. purpose                         B. compose

C. suppose                         D. propose

Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress in each of the following questions.

Question 3.

A. compulsory                 B. certificate

C. category                      D. accompany

Question 4.

A. decent                    B. secure

C. maintain                 D. confide

Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following question.

Question 5. I _____ the garden. No sooner had I finished watering it than it came down in torrents.

A. shouldn’t have watered

B. mustn’t have watered

C. can’t have watered

D. needn’t have watered

Question 6. A true relationship is thought to be a friendship that may _____ through changes in the lives of the friends.

A. entail                       B. remain

C. endure                    D. continue

Question 7. I’m not going to go ice skating! I’d only fall over and _____ a fool of myself.

A. create                      B. show

C. do                            D. make

Question 8. Silence _____ the theatre as the audience awaited the opening curtain with expectation and excitement.

A. fell in with                B. came between

C. hung over                D. dropped out of

Question 9. The scientists _____ on this project try to find the solutions to air pollution.

A. working                       B. worked

C. are working                 D. who working

Question 10. If Nam had passed the GCSE examination, he _____ to take the entrance examination to the university.

A. would have been allowed

B. would have allowed

C. will have allowed

D. would allow

Question 11. When the kids asked him about his girlfriend, he’d go as red as a _____.

A. tomato                     B. chili

C. strawberry                D. beetroot

Question 12. My brothers are often very ____ to what I say. They are really lovable.

A. obedience                B. obedient

C. obey                         D. obstacle

Question 13. I must warn you I am not used to _____ so rudely

A. speak                         B. be spoken

C. speak to me               D. being spoken to

Question 14. He is tired now. He _____ the gardening for hours.

A. has done                   B. is doing

C. did                             D. has been doing

Question 15. Let me explain everything to you, _____?

A. shall we                      B. will you

C. will we                        D. do you

Question 16. The trouble with James is that he never _____ on time for a meeting.

A. turns up                   B. takes off

C. takes up                  D. turns down

Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.

Question 17. As orders are becoming more and more, we’ve been rushed off our feet all week.

A. very angry                   B. very busy

C. very worried                D. very happy

Question 18. The atomic bomb annihilated the whole city, so nothing was left standing.

A. disturbed                     B. constructed

C. converted                    D. destroyed

Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.

Question 19. The minister came under fire for his rash decision to close the factory.

A. was dismissed            B. was acclaimed

C. was criticized              D. was penalized

Question 20. Those who advocate for doctor-assisted suicide say the terminally ill should not have to suffer.

A. support                               B. oppose

C. annul                                  D. convict

Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the most suitable response to complete each of the following exchanges.

Question 21. Mr. Collin is speaking to his student, Brian.

Mr. Collin: “You’ve been making very good progress. I’m proud of you!”

Brian: “_____”

A. No problem

C. Everything’s alright. Thank you.

D. I really appreciate you saying that.

Question 22. Peter: “Could you fill it up, please?”

Ivan: “_____”

A. Sure. Shall I check the oil as well?

B. Not at all. I’ll fill the oil for you.

C. Certainly. My job is to fill in the application.

D. Where? Of course not.

Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions.

Question 23. People say that at least ten applicants have been selected for the job interview.

A. It is said that well over ten people are interested in having an interview for the job.

B. It is said that no fewer than ten people are going to be interviewed for the job.

C. People say that fewer than ten job interviews have been held so far.

D. I have heard that only ten people have been chosen to have the job interviewed.

Question 24. Eating with chopsticks feels strange to Jonathan.

A. Eating with chopsticks isn’t what Jonathan used to.

B. Jonathan is not used to eating with chopsticks.

C. Not feeling strange, Jonathan tries eating with chopsticks.

D. Jonathan didn’t use to eat with chopsticks.

Question 25. “Why don’t you have your room repainted?” said Robert to Lan.

A. Robert suggested having Lam’s room repainted.

C. Robert wanted to know why Lam doesn’t have his room repainted.

D. Robert suggested that Lam should have his room repainted.

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions.

Question 26. In your country, schools are open to all. The accept children of any race, color or creed.

A. In our country, schools are open to all children irrespective of race, color or creed.

B. In our country, schools are open to all children except for race, color or creed.

C. Apart from  race, color or creed, schools are open to all children in your country.

D. Children of any race, color or creed can be admitted to our schools when they are opened.

Question 27. He felt very tired. He was determined to continue to climb up the mountain.

A. He felt so tired that he was determined to continue to climb up the mountain.

B. Feeling very tired, he was determined to continue to climb up the mountain.

C. Tired as he might, he was determined to continue to climb up the mountain.

D. As result of his tiredness, he was determined to continue to climb up the mountain.

Mark the letter A, B, C or D in your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions.

Question 28. Thomas refused to join the school basketball team, this was not good news at all.

A. to join                     B. school

C. this                         D. good

Question 29. I am now in my attempt winning a place at the same university to my brother.

A. now in                      B. winning

C. at the same              D. to

Question 30. However type of raw materials is used in making paper, the process is essentially the same.

A. However                  B. is used

C. paper                       D. essentially

Read the following passage and mark A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the blanks.

British families started going on holiday to the seaside around the middle of the 19th century. The invention of the railways made this possible. The first holidaymakers were quite rich and went for their health and education. The seaside was a place to be (31) ______ of illnesses, and doctors recommended bathing in the sea and drinking sea water. Also to increase their knowledge, families attended concerts and read books from libraries.

At that time, ordinary working people had very little time (32) ______. However, in 1871, the government introduce four “Bank Holidays” – national holiday days. This allowed people to have a day or two out, which now and then gave them a taste for leisure and the seaside. At first they went on day-trips, taking (33) ______ of special cheap tickets on the railways. By the 1880s, rising incomes meant many ordinary workers and their families could have a week’s holiday at the seaside. Rail fares were reduced and cheap hotels were built to (34) ______ them. Holidaymakers enjoyed being idle, sitting on the beach, bathing in the sea, and eating ice-cream. Cheap entertainment was (35) ______ offer and holidaymakers went to have fun.

Today, the English seaside remained popular, with more than 18 million holidays taken there each year.

Question 31.

A. recovered                 B. cured

C. improved                   D. remedied

Question 32.

A. out                            B. off

C. from                          D. away

Question 33.

A. opportunity              B. benefit

Question 34.

A. cater                         B. board

C. lodge                         D. accommodate

Question 35.

A. for                            B. on

C. in                              D. to

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.

William Sydney Porter (1862-1910), who wrote under the pseudonym of O. Henry, was born in North Carolina. His only formal education was to attend his Aunt Lina’s school until the age of fifteen, where he developed his lifelong love of books. By 1881 he was a licensed pharmacist. However, within a year, on the recommendation of a medical colleague of his Father’s, Porter moved to La Salle County in Texas for two years herding sheep. During this time, Webster’s Unabridged Dictionary was his constant companion, and Porter gained a knowledge of ranch life that he later incorporated into many of his short stories. He then moved to Austin for three years, and during this time the first recorded use of his pseudonym appeared, allegedly derived from his habit of calling “Oh, Henry” to a family cat. In 1887, Porter married Athol Estes. He worked as a draftsman, then as a bank teller for the First National Bank.

In 1894 Porter founded his own humor weekly, the “Rolling Stone”, a venture that failed within a year, and later wrote a column for the Houston Daily Post. In the meantime, the First National Bank was examined, and the subsequent indictment of 1886 stated that Porter had embezzled funds. Porter then fled to New Orleans, and later to Honduras, leaving his wife and child in Austin. He returned in 1897 because of his wife’s continued ill-health, however she died six months later. Then, in 1898 Porter was found guilty and sentenced to five years imprisonment in Ohio. At the age of thirty five, he entered prison as a defeated man; he had lost his job, his home, his wife, and finally his freedom. He emerged from prison three years later, reborn as O. Henry, the pseudonym he now used to hide his true identity. He wrote at least twelve stories in jail, and after re-gaining his freedom, went to New York City, where he published more than 300 stories and gained fame as America’s favorite short Story writer. Porter married again in 1907, but after months of poor health, he died in New York City at the age of forty-eight in 1910. O. Henry’s stories have been translated all over the world.

Question 36. According to the passage, Porter’s Father was _____.

A. the person who gave him a life-long love of books

B. a medical doctor

D. responsible for his move to La Salle County in Texas

Question 37. Why did the author write the passage?

A. to outline the career of a famous American

B. because of his fame as America’s favorite short story writer

C. because it is a tragic story of a gifted writer

D. to outline the influences on O. Henry’s writing

Question 38. The word “imprisonment” in paragraph 2 is closet in meaning to ____________.

A. captivity                     B. escape

C. insult                         D. punishment

Question 39. What is the passage primarily about?

A. The life and career of William Sydney Porter.

B. The way to adopt a nickname.

C. O.Henry’s influence on American literature.

Question 40. The author implies which of the following is true?

A. Porter’s wife might have lived longer if he had not left her in Austin when he fled.

B. Porter was in poor health throughout his life.

C. O. Henry is as popular in many other countries as he is in America.

D. Porter would probably have written less stories if he had not been in prison for three years.

Question 41. Which of the following is true, according to the passage?

A. Porter left school at 15 to become a pharmacist

B. Porter wrote a column for the Houston Daily Post called “Rolling Stone”

C. The first recorded use of his pseudonym was in Austin

D. Both of Porter’s wives died before he died

Question 42. The word “pseudonym” in the passage refers to _____.

A. William Sydney Porter

B. O. Henry

C. Athol Estes

D. the Aunt Lina

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.

INTERNET JOBS

Contrary to popular belief, one does not have to be a trained programmer to work online. Of course, there are plenty of jobs available for people with high-tech computer skills, but the growth of new media has opened up a wide range of Internet career opportunities requiring only a minimal level of technical expertise. Probably one of the most well-known online job opportunities is the job of Webmaster. However, it is hard to define one basic job description for this position. The qualifications and responsibilities depend on what tasks a particular organization needs a Webmaster to perform.

To specify the job description of a Webmaster, one needs to identify the hardware and software the website the Webmaster will manage is running on. Different types of hardware and software require different skill sets to manage them. Another key factor is whether the website will be running internally or externally (renting shared space on the company servers). Finally, the responsibilities of a webmaster also depend on whether he or she will be working independently, or whether the firm will provide people to help. All of these factors need to be considered before one can create an accurate webmaster job description.

Webmaster is one type of Internet career requiring in-depth knowledge of the latest computer applications. However, there are also online jobs available for which traditional skills remain in high demand. Content jobs require excellent writing skills and a good sense of the web as a “new media’.

The term “new media” is difficult to define because it compasses a constantly growing set of new technologies and skills. Specifically, it includes websites, email, internet technology, CD-ROM, DVD, streaming audio and video, interactive multimedia presentations, e-books, digital music, computer illustration, video games, virtual reality, and computer artistry.

Additionally, many of today’s Internet careers are becoming paid-by-the-job professions. With many companies having to downsize in tough economic items, the outsourcing and contracting of freelance workers online has become common business practice. The Internet provides an infinite pool of buyers from around the world with whom freelancers can contract their services. An added benefit to such online jobs is that freelancers are able to work on projects with companies outside their own country.

How much can a person make in these kinds of careers? As with many questions related to today’s evolving technology, there is no simple answer. There are many companies willing to pay people with Internet skills salaries well over $70,000 a year. Generally, webmasters start at about$30,000 per year, but salaries can vary greatly. Freelance writers working online have been known to make between $40,000 to$70,000 a year.

Question 43. Which of the followings is true about the job of the freelance writers?

A. They may work with others in the company.

B. It is considered a “content” job.

C. They manage hardware and software.

D. They require in-depth knowledge of applications.

Question 44. The word “vary” in paragraph 6 can be best replaced by _________

A. decrease                             B. change

C. differ                                    D. increase

Question 45. It can be inferred from the passage that _________.

A. only skilled workers make good money.

B. online workers can work full-time online.

C. it is easy to become a webmaster.

D. workers with limited computer skills can not work online.

Question 46. According to the passage, which of the following is TRUE of webmasters?

A. They never work independently.

B. The duties they perform depend on the organization they work for.

C. They require a minimal level of expertise.

D. They do not support software products.

Question 47. What is the purpose of the passage?

A. To inform people about the tasks and the roles of a webmaster.

B. To inform people about employment related to the Internet.

C. To inform people about the computer industry.

D. To explain why webmasters make a lot of money.

Question 48. According to the passage, all of the followings are TRUE except _________.

A. Webmasters must have knowledge of the latest computer applications.

B. Online workers can not free themselves from the office.

C. “New media” is not easy to define.

D. There are online jobs available for workers with minimal computer skills.

Question 49. Which of the followings is not mentioned as part of the “new media”?

A. Internet technology

B. writing skills

C. websites

D. video games

Question 50. The word “identify” in paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to __________.

A. name                                 B. discover

C. encounter                          D. estimate

Lời giải chi tiết

 1 2 3 4 5 D A C A D 6 7 8 9 10 B D C A A 11 12 13 14 15 D B D D A 16 17 18 19 20 A B D C B 21 22 23 24 25 D B B B D 26 27 28 29 30 A C C D A 31 32 33 34 35 B B D D B 36 37 38 39 40 B A A A C 41 42 43 44 45 C B B C B 46 47 48 49 50 C B B B A

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