Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.
A. malaria B. eradicate
C. character D. spectacular
A. amount B. countable
C. country D. around
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Question 3: Drivers are advised to get enough petrol because filling stations are few and far between on the highway.
A. easy to find
B. difficult to access
C. unlikely to happen
D. impossible to reach
Question 4: We have to husband our resources to make sure we make it through these hard times.
A. spend B. manage
C. use up D. marry
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Question 5: I didn't go to work this morning. I stayed at home due to the morning rain.
A. thanks to
B. on account of
C. in spite of
D. in addition to
Question 6: TV commercials that sell household products have often been accused of reinforcing stereotypes of societal roles.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the most suitable response to complete each of the following exchanges.
Question 7: Which expression is used to start a conversation?
A. Well, it’s been nice meeting you
B. How’s everything at school?
C. Catch you later.
D. Sorry, I’ve got to go. Talk to you later.
Question 8: Hoa: “Are you going to buy a new computer or just continue using the old one?” - Mary: “______.”
A. Neither. I’m going to lease one.
B. That's impossible. I can’t afford a new one
C. Yes, I'd like one. Thank you.
D. Yes, I am.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on you answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress in each of the following questions.
A. microscopic B. redundant
C. reluctant D. acquaintance
A. magnetic B. substitute
C. refusal D. phenomenon
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to show the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions.
Question 11: In summer (A), warm southern air carries (B) moist (C) north to the eastern and central (D) United States.
Question 12: If you had sat (A) the plant in a cooler (B) location, the leaves (C) would not have burned (D).
Question 13: Fred, who usually conducts the choir rehearsals (A) did not show up (B) last night because he had (C) an accident on his way to the practice (D).
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.
Question 14: I got very nervous during the exam. When the examiner asked my name, my mind went completely ________.
A. empty B. blank
C. white D. void
Question 15: Some people are ________ interested in animals than in other people.
A. further B. far more
C. much D. most
Question 16: The complaints he received were like water off a duck’s ________.
A. feather B. wings
C. back D. body
Question 17: There’s a rumor that the National Bank is going to ________ the company I work for.
A. take over B. overtake
C. take on D. take off
Question 18: I can’t tell you the exact amount, but I can give you a ________ estimate.
A. smooth B. rough
C. tidy D. similar
Question 19: “I left the cookies on the table, but now it’s gone. What happened to it?”
“I didn’t know. One of the children ________ it.”
A. may have eaten
B. could eat
C. had to eat
D. should have eaten
Question 20: My father always has the builder ________ the roof of our house.
B. to repair
C. to be repaired
Question 21: If only I ________ run as fast as he can.
A. can B. could
C. might D. have
Question 22: Here ________ notebook and report that I promised you last week.
A. is the B. are the
C. was the D. has been a
Question 23: There were two rooms in the beach house, ________ served as a kitchen.
A. the smaller of which
B. the smallest of which
C. the smaller of them
D. smallest of that
Question 24: The minister has, in a ________ of speaking, resigned.
A. form B. means
C. kind D. manner
Question 25: The news of his sister’s death came as a(n) ________ shock to him.
A. utter B. entire
C. extreme D. great
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions.
Question 26: Few other paintings in the world are as famous as the Mona Lisa.
A. There are more famous paintings in the world than the Mona Lisa, but not many.
B. The Mona Lisa is among a group of paintings that are very famous worldwide.
C. A few other paintings in the world are more famous than the Mona Lisa.
D. Only a small number of paintings throughout the world are equally well-known as the Mona Lisa.
Question 27: It’s likely that I’ll have left the party before she shows up.
A. I would like to have left the party before she arrives.
B. She won’t be able to find me at the party when she finally arrives.
C. By the time she arrives at the party, I may well have already gone.
D. Once she has got to party, I will probably leave.
Question 28: She regrets not having taken the opportunity to learn Chinese.
A. It's a pity that she has never been able to speak Chinese.
B. She should have chosen to study Chinese when she was at school.
C. She wishes that she had had the chance to study Chinese.
D. She is sorry that she didn't learn Chinese when she had the chance.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions.
Question 29: He was suspected of having stolen credit cards. The police have investigated him for days.
A. Suspected of having stolen credit cards, he has been investigated for days.
B. Suspecting of having stolen credit cards, he has been investigated for days.
C. He has been investigated for days, suspecting of haying stolen credit cards.
D. Having suspected of having stolen credit cards, he has been investigated for days.
Question 30: No member in the team came to his birthday party. But Julia did come.
A. Julia was the only member in the team to come to his birthday party.
B. Not only did Julia come to his birthday party but also other members did.
C. Julia was one of the members who came to his birthday party.
D. Every member in the team came to his birthday party.
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions
Originally, the idea of a "food chain" was developed by a scientist named Charles Elton in 1927. Elton described a general food chain in terms of where plantsand animals get their energy. He started with plants, which get energy from sunlight. Next, plant-eating animals get their energy from eating other plants. At the next level of the chain, meat-eating animals get their energy from eating other animals. Elton's idea of a "chain" related to the concept that all these animals are linked together by what they eat. Anything that affects one part of the chain affects all of the other parts in the chain. The first part of the chain, plants, is called the producer. All of the parts of the chain above the producer are called consumers.
Here is a simple example of a food chain. Grass uses sunlight to produce sugars and proteins so that it can grow. Rabbits eat the grass and get energy from it. Foxes eat rabbits and get energy from them. Foxes are at the "top" of this food chain because nothing eats them. Now imagine that a farmer plows up the field of grass where the rabbits usually eat. Some of the rabbits might die. Others will probably move to another location to find food. In either case, there are fewer rabbits. This means less food for the foxes. Thus, the foxes depend on the grass in a way, even though they don't eat the grass directly.
A In the natural world, of course, there are no simple food chains like this. Rabbits eat lots of plants besides grass. B Foxes eat lots of things besides rabbits. C Additionally, there are lots of other things in nature that eat grass and rabbits! D
However, that does not mean the idea of a simple food chain is not important. Food chains are still a useful concept to consider, even if they are an oversimplification of reality. Take, for example, the case of DDT’s effect on animals. In the 1960s, DDT, a common pesticide at that time, was used a lot by farmers. Farmers only used a little at a time, so large animals were not harmed. However, once DDT was used in a field, it did not go away. Whenever it was used, DDT just stayed in the environment. Eventually, rain washed it into rivers and lakes. Plankton, a tiny water organism, absorbed the DDT. Then, fish ate the plankton. There was not much DDT in one bit of plankton, but small fish consumed many little bits of plankton. Then, larger fish ate lots of the smaller fish. So, the concentration of DDT in the larger fish became higher. Then, birds such as the osprey ate larger quatities of the larger fish.
In the end, compared to the concentration of DDT in plankton, the concentration of DDT in osprey was 10 million times greater! The DDT did not kill the osprey, though. It just made the female osprey lay eggs with very thin shells. The shells were so thin that when the mother sat on the eggs, they broke. Thus the osprey population became greatly reduced before rebounding to today’s levels.
Question 31: According to the passage, which of the following is true about Elton's idea of food chains?
A. He only looked at plants and animals near his home.
B. Other scientists at the time rejected Elton's idea.
C. The chains started with plants.
D. They measured the energy stored in food.
Question 32: As used in paragraph 2, what is the meaning of the word "field"?
A. A piece of land for plants
B. An area of study
C. A place for playing games
D. A region that is visible
Question 33: What does "others" in paragraph 2 refer to?
A. farmers B. food chains
C. foxes D. rabbits
Question 34: In paragraph 3, what does the author imply?
A. Animals that do not eat other animals
B. How simple food chains are limited
C. The relationship of rabbits and foxes
D. Ways to teach food chains to children
Question 35: Why does the author mention DDT in reference to food chains?
A. To compare this chemical's effect on producers and consumers
B. To explain why consumers sometimes become extinct
C. To illustrate the true complexity of nature
D. To show how the simple concept of food chains could be useful
Question 36: Why did large fish in rivers and lakes have high concentrations of DDT in their bodies?
A. The large fish ate small fish with DDT in them
B. The large fish laid eggs in plankton with DDT in it
C. The large fish naturally produced DDT
D. The large fish swam in water with DDT in it
Question 37: Where would the following sentence best fit in the paragraph 3?
Therefore, when trying to describe the real world, it is more appropriate to think of food webs rather than food chains.
A. A B. B
C. C D. D
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase for each of the numbered blanks.
TREES FOR LIFE
Trees are among the biggest and longest-living things on Earth, some dating back longer than the oldest buildings. But (38)_______ being nice to look at, trees also play an important role in improving the quality of our lives.
On a world-wide (39)_______, forests help to slow down the effects of global warming by using up the gas known as carbon dioxide and giving (40)_______ the oxygen we need to breathe. At local neighborhood level, trees also (41)_______ important environment benefits. They offer shade and shelter, which in (42)_______ reduces the amount of energy needed to heat and cool nearby buildings; at the same time, they also remove other impurities from the air we breathe.
A. as far as B. as long as
C. as well as D. as soon as
A. range B. size
C. scale D. area
A. in B. away
C. up D. out
A. make B. bring
C. take D. find
A. reach B. place
C. order D. turn
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions
Shyness may not seem to be a serious complaint, but for some who suffer from it, it can become unbearable. Even talking to a small group of people you know can seem like an ordeal- it can feel as if you’ve been asked to give a speech on a topic you know very little about to a number of experts. You start to feel hot and shaky, your heart beats faster, your knees feel weak, you begin to stutter and the whole experience seems to last forever.
The fact of the matter is that shyness is something we often recognize in others: blushing is one of the more visible signs, for example. Yet we don’t judge someone harshly because of this. But shyness does mean that you are harder to approach, so you become more isolated. As one shy person put it, “It’s like being in a prison, and it’s very hard to break out.”
Experts on the subject have come up with various possible solutions, and one has been singled out as being the key to success- namely, finding an interest in common with the other people. Spending a lot of time on the sidelines watching other people and envying them because they are much more outgoing doesn’t help; remembering that some of those people you most envy are probably shy themselves, does. The secret is how you deal with it. And experts have come up with four things you can do today to help. Firstly, you can start by listening to other people. You will find yourself getting interested in what they’re talking about and asking questions- and before you know it, you’ll be having a conversation.
Secondly, you could try asking neighbors if you can walk their dog. Like children, pets can be excellent icebreakers for conversations with passers-by. Thirdly, try joining a class to learn something like tap-dancing or flamenco, where people are likely to laugh a lot. You’ll feel relaxed, and also you’ll be much too busy concentrating on what you are doing to feel shy. Lastly, try telling yourself that it doesn’t matter if you say or do something silly. Most people make a fool of themselves every so often- and it’s not the end of the world if you do!
Question 43: One of the symptoms of shyness in a stressful situation is ________.
A. pain in the knees
B. an increasedheart rate
C. sweating a lot
D. excessive talkativeness
Question 44: Why do shy people become more reserved?
A. Their social unease makes them more difficult to talk to.
B. They see that others are shy too.
C. Other people lack the patience to talk to them.
D. They dread being judged by others.
Question 45: The word “blushing” in paragraph 2 is closet meaning to _______.
A. going green B. going red
C. smiling D. sweating
Question 46: What do experts believe is the essential measure to be taken?
A. Studying others’ behavior in social situations.
B. Discovering shared interests with others.
C. Comparing yourself to other people.
D. Finding out what makes other people shy.
Question 47: How can listening to others prove helpful in combating shyness?
A. You develop useful psychological skills.
B. It’s the first step to getting into conversation.
C. People will see you care about their interest.
D. It’s a visible sign of becoming less shy.
Question 48: It’s suggested in the text that a shy person should _____.
A. learn to laugh more
B. learn to relax
C. take up social hobby
D. help other people in the community
Question 49: Shy people should realize that everybody _________.
A. says stupid things sometimes
B. makes jokes sometimes
C. is foolish
D. is self-conscious
Question 50: The major aim of the author of the text is to ________
A. give important advice on how to deal with shy people.
B. raise the reader’s interest in shyness as a social problem.
C. present recent findings about the nature of shyness.
D. offer useful hints on how shy people can help themselves.
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