Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.
A. expands B. travels
C. appoints D. animals
A. stagnant B. vacancy
C. charity D. habitat
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress in each of the following questions.
A. argument B. marvellous
C. sacrifice D. supportive
A. swallow B. approach
C. nonsense D. nursery
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following question.
Question 5. I'm sorry because I've lost the key to the drawer ________ all the important papers are kept.
A. which B. whose
C. who D. where
Question 6. Mary ____ with her dolls when she was younger.
A. used to play
B. is used to playing
C. used to playing
D. is used to play
Question 7. Susan is fed ________ with the housework.
A. of B. up
C. at D. on
Question 8. If I were you, I __________ for that English course.
A. would have applied
B. will apply
C. would apply
D. should apply
Question 9. My sister _________ for you for an hour.
A. was looking B. is looking
C. has been looking D. looked
Question 10. She wrote her composition carefully to avoid ________ mistakes.
A. to make B. made
C. making D. will make
Question 11. The employer suffered from depression _________ by overwork and ill-health.
A. brought on B. taken up
C. come about D. put through
Question 12. Tom painted his room black. It looks dark and deary. He _________ a different color.
A. should choose
B. must have chosen
C. should have chosen
D. has to choose
Question 13. The investors bought a deserted warehouse __________ convert it into a shopping mall for the townspeople.
A. so that
B. lest they may
C. with a view to
D. in order to
Question 14. She is _______ than her sister.
A. the most beautiful
B. more beautiful
D. the beautiful
Question 15. I don't think Peter will reject that job offer, ______?
A. do I B. will he
C. don't I D. won't he
Question 16. I heard _____ that Jack has been dropped from the basket team.
A. in the woods
B. on the olive branch
C. on the grapevine
D. under your feet
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Question 17. Parents play a crucial role in a child's upbringing in the formative years. They are really the driving force behind whatever the children do.
A. motivation B. completion
C. progress D. satisfaction
Question 18. We should join hands to protect our environment.
A. take up B. put up
C. work together D. make decisions
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Question 19. She was brought up in a well-off family. She can't understand the problems we are facing.
A. kind B. poor
C. rich D. wealthy
Question 20. James may get into hot water when driving at full speed after drinking.
A. get into trouble B. fall into disuse
C. remain calm D. stay safe
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the most suitable response to complete each of the following exchanges.
Question 21. - Tom: "Would you like a cup of tea?"
- Linda: " _____. "
A. Yes, help youself
B. Yes, do it yourself
C. Yes, please
D. Yes, that's a good idea
Question 22. - John: “What an attractive hair style you have got, Mary.”
- Mary: “____”
A. I don't like your saying
B. Thank you very much, i'm afraid.
C. Thank you for your compliment.
D. You are telling a lie.
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions.
Question 23. She had only just put the phone down when her boss rang back.
A. Hardly had she put the phone down when her boss rang back.
B. No sooner had she put the phone down when her boss rang back.
C. Hardly did she put the phone down when her boss rang back.
D. Hardly she had put the phone down when her boss rang back.
Question 24. People rumour that the leader has been suffering from a rare disease.
A. A rare disease is rumoured to be causing suffering to the leader.
B. It was rumoured that the leader has been suffering from a rare disease.
C. The leader is rumoured to have been suffering from a rare disease.
D. The leader has been rumoured to suffer from a rare disease.
Question 25. "No, I won't go to work at the weekend." Said Sally.
A. Sally apologized for not going to work at the weekend.
B. Sally regretted not going to work at the weekend.
C. Sally refused to go to work at the weekend.
D. Sally promised to go to work at the weekend.
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of the sentences in the following questions.
Question 26. John was not here yesterday. Perhaps he was ill.
A. John might have been ill yesterday, so he was not here.
B. Because of his illness, John shouldn't have been hare yesterday.
C. John must have been ill yesterday, so he was not here.
D. Although John was ill yesterday, he need be here.
Question 27. Mary loved her stuffed animal when she was young. She couldn't sleep without it.
A. As Mary couldn't sleep without her stuffed animal when she was young, she loved it.
B. When Mary was young, she loved her stuffed animal so as not to sleep without it.
C. When Mary was young, she loved her stuffed animal so much that she couldn't sleep without it.
D. When Mary was young, she loved her stuffed animal although that she couldn't sleep without it.
Mark the letter A, B, C or D in your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions.
Question 28. Education (A) and training are an (B) important steps in getting (C) the kind of job that you would like to have. (D)
Question 29. Optimists believe (A) that in the future we will be living (B) in a cleaner environment, breathe (C) fresher air and eating (D) healthier food.
Question 30. Several (A) people have apparent (B) tried to change the man's mind (C), but he refuses to listen. (D)
Read the following passage and mark A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the blanks.
From a very early age, it was apparent that Magnus Carlen was a brilliant chess player. By the age of 13, Magnus was (31) __________ to be one of the best chess players in the world, and his parents wanted him to reach his full potential as a professional chess player.
This meant their son had to develop a lifestyle of strict (32) _________ which included many hours of practice. Only this way could he become a world champion. (33) _________ Magnus's parents supported him, they did not want him to devote his whole life to chess. They felt that if he focused only on chess, he would suffer both physically and emotionally. They made it clear to him that thay had no intention of letting their son drop out of school. He was also encouraged to follow his interest in sports. As a result of his (34)________, when Magnus graduated from high school in 2009, he was not only the best chess player in the world, but he was also awarded the title of "sport-student of the year" for his achievements in snowboarding and golf.
Today, Magnus gives (35) _________ to his parents for the way they raised him. They set rules, but they never (36)________ with his ambitions. Instead they gave him the support and encouragement he needed to achieve his goals and still be a happy young man.
A. decided B. regarded
C. counted D. considered
A. discipline B. order
C. behavior D. effort
A. Since B. Although
C. Because D. Until
A. prepration B. environment
C. upbringing D. treatment
A. credit B. approval
C. trust D. attention
A. prevented B. opposed
C. mistrusted D. interfered
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.
The air above our head is becoming cleaner. A breath of fresh air has been running right round the planet for the past five years. The planet is apparently purging itself of pollution. Paul Novell of the University of Colorado, the co-author of a report on this phenomenon says, “It seems as if the planet's own cleaning service has suddenly got a new lease of life. Suddenly, there are a lot of changes going on up there”.
Estimates of the death toll from urban smog have been steadily rising, so the new cleaner trend could have significant consequences for life expectancy in cities as well as for the planet itself. The sudden and unexpected reversal of several decades of worsening pollution extends from the air in city streets to the remotest mid-Pacific Ocean and Antarctica.
Among the pollutants which have begun to disappear from the atmosphere are carbon monoxide, from car exhaust and burning rain forests, and methane from the guts of cattle, paddy fields, and gas fields. Even carbon dioxide, the main gas behind global warning, has fallen slightly.
There are two theories about why pollution is disappearing. First that there is less pollution to start with due to laws to cut down urban smogs and acid rain starting to have a global impact. Second, that the planet may be becoming more efficient at cleaning up.
The main planetary clean-up agent is a chemical called hydroxyl. It is present throughout the atmosphere in tiny quantities and removes most pollutants from the air by oxidizing them. The amount of hydroxyl in the air has fallen by a quarter in 1980s. Now it may be reviving for two reasons: ironically, because the ozone hole has expanded, letting in more ultraviolet radiation into the lower atmosphere, where it manufactures hydroxyl. Then the stricter controls on vehicle exhausts in America and Europe may have cut global carbon monoxide emissions, thereby allowing more hydroxyl to clean up other pollutants.
Question 37. Based on information in the passage, all of the following information referring to hydroxyl is true EXCEPT _________.
A. oxidization of pollutants is carried out by hydroxyl.
B. ultraviolet radiation increases production of hydroxyl.
C. there is difficulty in destroying carbon dioxide by hydroxyl.
D. the reduction in the ozone layer is beneficial to hydroxyl.
Question 38. The word "purging" in line 2 is closest in meaning to ________.
A. refining B. ridding
C. destroying D. rising
Question 39. The passage supports which of the following conclusion?
A. An expansion in hydroxyl has enlarged the ozone hole.
B. The decrease of methane has enabled ultraviolet radiation to enter the atmosphere.
C. The reduction in carbon dioxide has produced a cleaner atmosphere.
D. The beneficial effect of hydroxyl has aided the cleaning process.
Question 40. The word "it" in paragraph 5 refers to ________.
A. the ozone hole B. clean-up agent
C. acid rain D. urban smog
Question 41. According to the passage, life expectancy partly depends on people having _________.
A. changes in their lifestyle.
B. recommendations from university research.
C. improvement in atmosphere conditions.
D. access to details about atmosphere.
Question 42. What is the main topic of the passage?
A. Hydroxyl's influence on the atmosphere
B. The changing pollutants in the atmosphere.
C. The oxygenation of the atmosphere.
D. The decreasing pollution of the atmosphere.
Question 43. It can be inferred from the passage that the cleansing of the planet is _________.
A. inexplicable B. predictable
C. surprising D. confusing
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.
Architecture has social purposes and meets practical needs by means of combining art and technological innovations. In building construction, however, an emergence of new materials does not make its precursors obsolete, and architectural knowledge is cumulative. The fact that today much is constructed from prefabricated concrete does not do away with brick. Furthermore, despite dramatic changes and increased technological sophistication of architectural design and construction, the essential apparatus of erecting a building has remained rooted in preindustrial traditional practices passed down during the millennia. The social and utilitarian expectations of structures are largely based on elemental demands of keeping out elements and enemies, ameliorating the extremes of heat, and avoiding the instruction of wind, precipitation, and pests.
Gravity, air pressure, and earthquakes can induce tensions that have to be accounted for when constructing functional enclosed space. Vertical stacking of masonry materials causes compression that can lead to important problems when a structure is spanned to build a roof and connect walls. Arches, vaults, and domes were specifically developed to alleviate the compression by directing the spanning element along a curve rather than a straight line. Building suspension structures, dams, and tunnels became possible in the nineteenth century with the increased availability of steel that could reinforce structural frames and enable them to withstand natural forces previously believed to be insurmountable.
Functional evolutions of modern buildings create new demands on the analysis of structural behavior and engineering. Few occupants of skyscrapers view elevators as elaborate systems of vertical transportation. Humidity and temperature control, forced ventilation, natural and artificial lighting, sanitation and disposal of waste, electrical wiring, and fire prevention make very tall constructions engineering marvels that also must be aesthetically pleasing and physically convenient.
Erecting a structure involves a great deal more than merely attending to the aesthetics and psychological experience of architectural space. The shape, size, and incombustibility of locally available construction materials fostered developments of specific technologies, and brick and stone masonry have evolved in response to the need for structural durability. Advances in civil engineering and knowledge associated with properties of building materials combine to lead to innovations in architectural design. Tools and skills required to exploit easily obtainable materials have continued to inform the development of modern industrialized technologies.
Question 44. The purpose of paragraph 3 is to suggest that ________.
A. skyscrapers need to be appealing and convenient for their occupants
B. tall buildings require large amounts of wiring to make them functional
C. architectural innovations pose new challenges for technological development
D. architects of modern buildings create a demand for engineering talent
Question 45. The word "fostered" in paragraph 4 is closest in meaning to _________.
A. focused B. founded
C. enveloped D. encouraged
Question 46. The word “ withstand" in paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to ___________.
A. withdraw B. withhold
C. endure D. enlarge
Question 47. What can be inferred from the passage about reducing the effects of material compacting?
A. Downward pressure is dispersed by semicircular roofs.
B. Masonry is stacked vertically by increasing compression.
C. Vertical roofs are bent to counteract air pressure.
D. Buildings are spanned to account for the force of gravity.
Question 48. What is the main topic of the passage?
A. The profound importance of tradition in architecture.
B. The modern art of architecture and social pressure.
C. The mutual impact of architecture and technology.
D. The great technological advances in building materials.
Question 49. The author mentions the word "brick" in paragraph 1 as an example of which of the following?
A. How new design can improve traditional construction
B. How new knowledge can supplant traditional technology
C. How old techniques can continue to remain practical
D. How old buildings can coexist with modern architecture
Question 50. It can be inferred from the passage that pragmatic requirements of buildings _________.