Đáp án và lời giải chi tiết Đề kiểm tra học kì 1 - Đề số 13 - Tiếng Anh 12
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits of the numbered blanks from 1 to 5.
Higher education also provides a competitive edge in the career market. We all know that in the economic times we are living in today, finding jobs is not guaranteed. The number of people unemployed is still relatively high, and the number of new career (1) ______ isn’t nearly enough to put people in jobs they are seeking.
As a job seeker, you’re competing with a high number of experienced workers (2) _______ have been out of the workforce for a while and are also seeking work. (3) _______, when you have a higher education, it generally equips you for better job security. Generally speaking, employers tend to value those who have completed college than those who have only completed high school and are more likely to replace that person who hasn’t (4) ______ a higher education. Furthermore, some companies even go so far as to pay your tuition because they consider an educated (5) ______ to be valuable to their organization. A college education is an investment that doesn’t just provide you with substantial rewards. It benefits the hiring company as well.
A. possibilities B. activities
C. responsibilities D. opportunities
A. who B. where
C. whose D. which
A. However B. Otherwise
C. Moreover D. Therefore
A. permitted B. refused
C. applied D. received
A. unemployed B. employer
C. employment D. employee
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.
A. plane B. base
C. campus D. game
A. enjoyed B. joined
C. helped D. loved
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress in each of the following questions.
A. parent B. attempt
C. dinner D. women
A. appearance B. assistance
C. confidence D. position
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following question.
Question 10: With what my parents prepare for me in terms of education, I am ______ about my future.
A. confidence B. confide
C. confident D. confidential
Question 11: The course was so difficult that I didn’t ______ any progress at all.
A. create B. make
C. do D. produce
Question 12: In 1959, the political philosopher Hannah Arendt became the first woman ______ a full professor at Princeton University.
A. to appoint
B. was appointed
C. to be appointed
D. who be appointed as
Question 13: Never before ______ such a severe flood in this mountainous area.
A. I have seen B. do I see
C. have I seen D. I had seen
Question 14: ______ you like what I want to do or not, you won’t make me change my mind.
A. Whether B. If
C. Because D. When
Question 15: ______ number of boys were swimming in the lake, but I didn’t know ______ exact number of them.
A. The/the B. A/an
C. The/an D. A/the
Question 16: ______ the table, Mr.Robert called the family for support.
A. Being laid B. Having laid
C. Have laid D. Having lying
Question 17: Do you think doing the household chores is the ______ of the women city?
A. responsible B. responsive
C. responsibility D. responsibly
Question 18: The goal is to make higher education available to everyone who is will and capable ______ his financial situation.
A. with reference to B. regardless of
C. owing to D. in terms of
Question 19: You will have to ______ your holiday if you are too ill to travel.
A. put aside B. back out
C. call off D. cut down
Question 20: Peter has been studying for almost three years and he will have his degree and return to his country in ______ six months.
A. others B. other
C. the other D. another
Question 21: Oxfam tries to send food to countries where people are suffering ______ malnutrition.
A. by B. of
C. for D. from
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Question 22: Urbanization is the shift of people moving from rural to urban areas, and the result is the growth of cities.
Question 23: This boy is poorly-educated and doesn’t know how to behave properly.
A. uneducated B. rude
C. ignorant D. knowledgeable
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the most suitable response to complete each of the following exchanges.
Question 24: Hoa is asking Hai, who is sitting at a corner of the room, seeming too shy.
- Hoa: “Why aren’t you taking part in our activities? ______”
- Hai: “ Yes, I can. Certainly”
A. Can I help you?
B. Can you help me with this decorations?
C. Could you please show me how to get the nearest post office?
D. Shall I take your hat off?
Question 25: Mary is talking to a porter in the hotel lobby.
- Porter: “Shall I help you with your suitcase?”
- Mary: “______”
A. I can’t agree more.
B. That’s very kind of you.
C. What a pity!
D. Not a chance.
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions
Question 26: With so many daily design resources, how do you stay-up-date with technology without spending too much time on it?
A. update new status
B. connect to the Internet all day
C. get latest information
D. use social network daily
Question 27: Face-to-face socializing is not as preferred as virtual socializing among the youth.
A. available B. direct
C. instant D. facial
Mark the letter A, B, C or D in your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions.
Question 28: Our teacher encourages us using a dictionary whenever we are unsure of the meaning of a word.
C. meaning of a word
Question 29: I am not fond of reading fiction books as they are imaginable ones which are not real.
A. imaginable B. are
C. as D. fond of
Question 30: The number of students attending universities to study economics have increased steadily in the last few years.
A. of students B. attending
C. have D. economics
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions.
Question 31: I have tried hard but I can’t earn enough money.
A. Inspite of I have tried hard, I can’t earn enough money.
B. Although I have tried hard, I can’t earn enough money.
C. Although I have tried hard, but I can’t earn enough money.
D. Despite I have tried hard, I can’t earn enough money.
Question 32: Mr. George is a famous author. Mr. George is also an influential speaker.
A. Mr. George is a famous author, and he is also an influential speaker.
B. Mr. George writes famous books, but he doesn’t know much about speeches.
C. Mr. George is neither a famous author nor an influential speaker.
D. Mr. George likes writing famous books and making speechers.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that closest in meaning to each of the following questions.
Question 33: “ I’m sorry I gave you the wrong number”, said Paul to Susan.
A. Paul denied giving Susan the wrong number.
B. Paul thanked to Susan for giving the wrong number.
C. Paul apologized to Susan for giving the wrong number.
D. Paul accused Susan of giving him the wrong number.
Question 34: Without my teacher’s advice, I wouldn’t have participated in the competition.
A. If my tutor hadn’t advised me, I would have participated in the competition.
B. If it hadn’t been for my teacher’s advice, I wouldn’t have participated in the competition.
C. Had my teacher not advised me, I wouldn’t have participated in the competition.
D. If my teacher didn’t advised me, I wouldn’t have participated in the competition.
Question 35: She has known how to play the piano for 5 years.
A. She started to play the piano 5 years ago.
B. She played the piano 5 years ago.
C. The last time she played the piano was 5 years ago.
D. She didn’t play the piano 5 years ago.
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.
Have you ever entered a tropical rainforest? It’s a special, dark place completely different from anywhere else. A rainforest is a place where the trees grow very tall. Millions of kinds of animals, insects, and plants live in the rainforest. It is hot and humid in a rainforest. It rains a lot in the rainforest, but sometimes you don't know it's raining. The trees grow so closely together that rain doesn't always reach the ground. Rainforests make up only a small part of the Earth's surface, about six percent. They are found in tropical parts of the world. The largest rainforest in the world is the Amazon in South America. The Amazon covers 1.2 billion acres, or almost five million square kilometers. The second largest rainforest is in Western Africa. There are also rainforests in Central America, Southeast Asia, Northeastern Australia, and the Pacific Islands Rainforests provide us with many things. In fact, the Amazon Rainforest is called the "lungs of our planet" because it produces twenty percent of the world's oxygen. One fifth of the world's fresh water is also found in the Amazon Rainforest. Furthermore, one half of the world's species of animals, plants, and insects live in the Earth's rainforests. Eighty percent of the food we eat first grew in the rainforest. For example, pineapples, bananas, tomatoes, corn, potatoes, chocolate, coffee, and sugar all came from rainforests. Twenty-five percent of the drugs we take when we are sick are made of plants that grow only in rainforests. Some of these drugs are even used to fight and cure cancer. With all the good things we get from rainforests, it's surprising to find that we are destroying our rainforests. In fact, 1.5 acres, or 6,000 square meters, of rainforest disappear every second. The forests are being cut down to make fields for cows, to harvest the plants, and to clear land for farms. Along with losing countless valuable species, the destruction of rainforests creates many problems worldwide. Destruction of rainforests results in more pollution, less rain, and less oxygen for the world.
Question 36: What is the passage mainly about?
A. Where rainforest are located.
B. Kinds of forests.
C. Facts about rainforests.
D. How much oxygen rainforests make.
Question 37: According to the passage, rainforests provide human all of the following EXCEPT?
B. Lung problems.
C. Drugs used to fight and cure cancer.
D. Fresh water.
Question 38: Why is Amazon Rainforest called “Lungs of the planet”?
A. It uses much of the world’s oxygen.
B. It helps circulation
C. It provides much of our air.
D. It helps us breathe.
Question 39: Where would you find the largest rainforest in the world?
A. in South America.
B. Southeast Asia.
C. Western Africa.
D. Northeastern Australia.
Question 40: The word “humid” in paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to______.
A. dehydrated B. dry
C. cool D. moist
Question 41: The word “harvest” in paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to______.
A. create B. reduce
C. destroy D. gather
Question 42: What is the most likely reason why the author is surprised that we are destroying rainforest?
A. They are necessary for the health of our planet.
B. It will be too difficult to grow food without them.
C. They are necessary for the fight against cancer.
D. It will be too expensive to replant them.
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.
1. Not so long ago almost any student who successfully completed a university degree or diploma course could find a good career quite easily. Companies toured the academic institutions, competing with each other to recruit graduates. However, those days are gone, even in Hong Kong, and nowadays graduates often face strong competition in the search for jobs.
2. Most careers organizations highlight three stages for graduates to follow in the process of securing a suitable career: recognizing abilities, matching these to available vacancies and presenting them well to prospective employers.
3. Job seekers have to make a careful assessment of their own abilities. One area of assessment should be of their academic qualifications, which would include special skills within their subject area. Graduates should also consider their own personal values and attitudes, or the relative importance to themselves of such matters as money, security, leadership and caring for others. An honest assessment of personal interests and abilities such as creative or scientific skills, or skills acquired from work experience, should also be given careful thought.
4. The second stage is to study the opportunities available for employment and to think about how the general employment situation is likely to develop in the future. To do this, graduates can study job vacancies and information in newspapers or they can visit a careers office, write to possible employers for information or contact friends or relatives who may already be involved in a particular profession. After studying all the various options, they should be in a position to make informed comparisons between various careers.
5. Good personal presentation is essential in the search for a good career. Job application forms and letters should, of course, be filled in carefully and correctly, without grammar or spelling errors. Where additional information is asked for, job seekers should describe their abilities and work experience in more depth, with examples if possible. They should try to balance their own abilities with the employer's needs, explain why they are interested in a career with the particular company and try to show that they already know something about the company and its activities.
6. When graduates are asked to attend for interview, they should prepare properly by finding out all they can about the prospective employer. Dressing suitably and arriving for the interview on time are also obviously important. Interviewees should try to give positive and helpful answers and should not be afraid to ask questions about anything they are unsure about. This is much better than pretending to understand a question and giving an unsuitable answer.
7. There will always be good career opportunities for people with ability, skills and determination; the secret to securing a good job is to be one of them.
Question 43: In paragraph 1, 'those days are gone, even in Hong Kong', suggests that ______________.
A. nowadays, everyone in Hong Kong has an equal chance of finding a good career. in the past, finding a good career was easier in Hong Kong than elsewhere.
B. in the past, finding a good career was easier in Hong Kong than elsewhere.it used to be harder to find a good job in Hong Kong than in other countries.
C. it used to be harder to find a good job in Hong Kong than in other countries.
D. even in Hong Kong companies tour the universities trying to recruit graduates.
Question 44: In the paragraph 2, “them” refers to ______.
B. available vacancies.
C. three stages
D. careers organizations.
Question 45: According to paragraph 4, graduates should ________________.
A. get information about a number of careers before making comparisons
B. find a good position and then compare it with other careers.
C. ask friends or relatives to secure them a good job.
D. find out as much as possible and inform employers of the comparisons they want.
Question 46: In paragraph 5, 'in more depth' could best be replaced by ______________.
A. more honestly
B. in greater detail
C. more carefully
D. using more words
Question 47: The word “prospective” in paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to ______.
A. ambitious B. generous
C. reasonable D. future
Question 48: In paragraph 6, the writer seems to suggest that ______________.
A. it is better for interviewees to be honest than to pretend to understand.
B. interviewees should ask a question if they can't think of an answer.
C. it is not a good idea for interviewees to be completely honest in their answers.
D. pretending to understand a question is better than giving an unsuitable answer.
Question 49: Which of the following sentences is closest in meaning to the paragraph 7?
A. Graduates should develop at least one of these areas to find a suitable career.
B. People with the right qualities should always be able to find a good career.
C. The secret of a successful interview is that interviewers have to possess skills, determination or ability.
D. Determined, skilled and able people can easily find a good career.
Question 50: According to the passage, which of the following is NOT true?
A. Until recently it was quite easy for graduates to get good jobs in Hong Kong.
B. Businesses used to visit the universities in Hong Kong to recruit graduates.
C. Job seekers should consider as many as possible of the factors involved.
D. Graduates sometimes have to take part in competitions to secure a good career.
Lời giải chi tiết
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