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ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QUỐC GIA MÔN TIẾNG ANH

Đề số 5 - Đề thi thử THPT Quốc Gia môn Tiếng Anh

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Đáp án và lời giải chi tiết Đề số 5 - Đề thi thử THPT Quốc Gia môn Tiếng Anh

Đề bài

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.

Question 1: The maintenance of these old castles must cost a lot of money.

A. building                  B. foundation 

C. destruction             D. preservation

Question 2: People in the mountainous areas are still in the habit of destroying forests for cultivation.

A. planting                  B. farming

C. industry                  D. wood

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.

Question 3: Only one person who can provide the best solution to the question will be promoted and ______ a financial grant.

A. equipped                B. served 

C. entitled                   D. awarded

Question 4: If some endangered species ______ in zoos, it would help to ensure their future survival.

A. will be kept            B. are kept 

C. had been kept         D. were kept

Question 5: My grandfather retired from work last month. He _______ for the same company for 40 years.

A. was working           B. had been working

C. has worked             D. had worked

Question 6: This building _______ finished by the end of last year but there have been so many strikes that it isn’t finished yet.

A. will have been 

B. should have been

C. was to have been

D. may not have been

Question 7: Susan rarely stays up late, _______?

A. is she                      B. isn’t she 

C. does she                 D. doesn’t she

Question 8: Hearing about people who mistreat animals makes me go hot under the ______.

A. chin                        B. collar

C. sleeves                    D. vest

Question 9: Florida, ______ the Sunshine state, attracts many tourists every year.

A. is known as            B. that is known as

C. which known as     D. known as

Question 10: You look really tired. You could ______ a week’s holiday, I think.

A. do with                   B. make for 

C. pass for                   D. make with

Question 11: For Arabic speakers, more than two consonants together can be difficult to _______, so they often insert a short vowel between them.

A. announce                B. denounce 

C. pronounce              D. renounce

Question 12: Flat-roofed buildings are not very ______ in areas where there is a great deal of rain or snow.

A. severe                     B. serious 

C. suitable                   D. sensitive

Question 13: The local press has been pouring ______ on the mayor for dissolving the council.

A. scorn                       B. blame 

C. disapproval             D. hatred

Question 14: As a small boy, he was used to ______ alone in the house for an hour or two.

A. being left                B. leaving  

C. be left                     D. leave

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks

Child workers, some as young as 10, have been found working in a textile factory in conditions described as close to slavery to produce clothes that appear destined for one of the major high street retailers.

The discovery of these children working in appalling conditions in the Shahpur Jat area of Delhi has renewed concerns about the (15)______ by some large retail chains of their garment production to India, recognised (16)______ the United Nations as one of the world’s hotspots for child labour. According to one (17)______, over 20 per cent of India's economy is dependent on children, (18)______ comes to a total of 55 million youngsters under 14 working. Consumers in the West should not only be demanding answers from retailers about how their (19)______  are produced but also should be looking into their consciences at how they spend their money and whether cheap prices in the West are worth the suffering caused to so many children.

Question 15:  

A. outsourcing             B. outsources 

C. outsourced             D. outsource

Question 16:  

A. for                          B. with

C. of                            D. by

Question 17:

A. evaluation               B. investigation

C. calculation              D. estimate

Question 18:

A. who                        B. which

C. what                       D. that

Question 19:  

A. goods                     B. stuff 

C. garment                  D. ware

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions.

Question 20: Mike graduated with a good degree. However, he joined the ranks of the unemployed.

A. If Mike graduated with a good degree, he would join the ranks of the unemployed.

B. That Mike graduated with a good degree helped him join the ranks of the unemployed.

C. Mike joined the ranks of the unemployed because he graduated with a good degree.

D. Although Mike graduated with a good degree, he joined the ranks of the unemployed.

Question 21: Nam defeated the former champion in three sets. He finally won the inter-school table tennis championship.

A. Although Nam defeated the former champion in three sets, he did not win the title of inter- school table tennis championship.

B. Being defeated the former champion in three sets, Nam lost the chance to play the final games of inter-school table tennis championship.

C. Having defeated the former champion in three sets, Nam did not hold the title of champion.

D. Having defeated the former champion in three sets, Nam won the inter-school table tennis championship.

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions.

Question 22: He was driving very fast because he didn’t know the road was icy.

A. If he knew the road was icy, he wouldn’t drive so fast.

B. He hadn’t been driving very fast if he would have known the road was icy.

C. If he had known the road was icy, he wouldn’t have been driving so fast.

D. He wasn’t driving very fast if he would know the road was icy.

Question 23: It is difficult to start looking for a job at my age.

A. It is difficult for me to get employed at my age.

B. I’m young, so it is difficult to start looking for a job.

C. Getting employed at such ages is also difficult.

D. I don’t think I can start looking for a job now.

Question 24: I spent more time on the last question than I did on the first four.

A. The last question was the most difficult for me.

B. I answered only the first four questions.

C. I found the last question easier than the other questions.

D. I failed to get to the last question.

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions

Unlike these fish, which are actually extinct, the coelacanth is a type of fish that was believed to be extinct. However, an unexpected twentieth- century rediscovery of living coelacanths has brought about a reassessment of the status of the prehistoric sea creature that was believed to have long since disappeared from the Earth.

From fossil remains of the coelacanth, paleontologists have determined that the coelacanth was in existence around 350 million years ago, during the Paleozoic Era, more than 100 million years before the first dinosaurs arrived on the Earth. The most recent fossilized coelacanths date from around 70 million years ago, near the end of the age of dinosaurs. Because no fossilized remnants of coelacanth was believed to have died out around the same time as the dinosaurs.

The prehistoric coelacanth studied by paleontologists had distinctive characteristics that differentiated it from other fish. It was named for its hollow spine and was known to have been a powerful carnivore because of its many sharp teeth and a special joint in the skull that allowed the ferocious teeth to move in coordination with the lower jaw. It also had a pair of fins with unusual bony and muscular development that allowed the coelacanth to dart around the ocean floor. These fins also enable the coelacanth to search out prey trying to hide on the ocean bottom.

In 1938, a living specimen of the coelacanth was discovered in the catch of a fishing boat off the coast of South Africa, and since then numerous other examples of the coelacanth have been found in the waters of the Indian Ocean. This modern version of the coelacanth is not exactly the same as its prehistoric cousin. Today's coelacanth is larger than its prehistoric relative, measuring up to six feet in length and weighing up to 150 pounds. However, the modern version of the coelacanth still possesses the characteristic hollow spine and distinctive fins with their unusual bony and muscular structure.

Question 25: It can be inferred from the passage that the first dinosaurs most likely appeared on Earth around

A. 450 million years ago

B. 350 million years ago

C. 150 million years ago

D. 250 million years ago

Question 26: It can be inferred from the passage that the word “coelacanth” comes from the Greek

A. sharp teeth              B. extinct fish

C. hollow spine            D. bony fingers

Question 27: What is NOT true about the prehistoric coelacanth, according to the passage ?

A. It was smaller than the modern coelacanth.

B. It had a hollow pine and distinctive fins.

C. It weighed less than 150 pounds.

D. It measured as much as six feet in length.

Question 28: The pronoun “It” in the third paragraph refers to

A. coordination           B. coelacanth

C. joint                        D. jaw

Question 29: What is stated in the passage about the prehistoric coelacanth?

A. It had few teeth.

B. It was a rather feeble fish.

C. It lived on plants. 

D. It moved its teeth in an unusual way.

Question 30: This passage is about a fish

A. that is extinct 

C. that is becoming extinct

B. that once was extinct 

D. that is not extinct

Question 31: According to the passage, why are scientists sure that the prehistoric coelacanth was a flesh-eater?

A. Because of its hollow spine

B. Because of its unusual bony and muscular development

C. Because of the shape and movement of the teeth

D. Because of the size of the skull

Question 32: The topic of the preceding paragraph is most likely

A. the discovery of the coelacanth

B. a reassessment of the status of a number of kinds of fish

C. a particular prehistoric sea creature

D. various extinct fish

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.

Question 33:

A. buttons                     B. books  

C. begs                         D. cans

Question 34:

A. family                       B. famine 

C. famous                     D. fabricate

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions.

Question 35: In early days (A), hydrochloric acid was done (B) by heating (C) a mixture of sodium chloride with (D) iron sulfate.

Question 36: Never in the history of humanity (A) has (B) there been more people living (C) on this relatively (D) small planet.

Question 37: The number (A) of wild horses on Assateague is (B) increasing, resulted (C) in overgrazed marsh and dune grasses. (D)

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of the primary stress in each of the following questions.

Question 38:  

A. instruction              B. intelligent

C. comprehend           D. inflation

Question 39:  

A. reveal                      B. offer 

C. provide                    D. collapse

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.

Question 40: If one fails to achieve a goal, his or her efforts are fruitless.

A. profitable                B. futile

C. purposeful              D. useless

Question 41: Hazardous waste is waste that has substantial or potential threats to public health or the environment.

A. vivid                       B. risky

C. dangerous               D. secure

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the most suitable response to complete each of the following exchanges.

Question 42: - Janet: “How did you get here?” - Susan: “_____.”

A. I came here last night.

B. The train was so crowded.

C. Is it far from here?

D. I came here by train.

Question 43: - Janet: “Do you feel like going to the cinema this evening?” - Susan: “_____.”

A. I don't agree. I’m afraid.  

B. I feel very bored.

C. That would be great. 

D. You’re welcome.

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions

For a century before the Erie Canal was built, there was much discussion among the general population of the Northeast as to the need for connecting the waterways of the Great Lakes with the Atlantic Ocean. A project of such monumental proportions was not going to be undertaken and completed without a supreme amount of effort.

The man who was instrumental in accomplishing the feat that was the Erie Canal was Dewitt Clinton. As early as 1812, he was in the nation's capital petitioning the federal government for financial assistance on the project, emphasizing what a boon to the economy of the country the canal would be; his efforts with the federal government, however, were not successful.

In 1816, Clinton asked the New York State Legislature for the funding for the canal, and this time he did succeed. A canal commission was instituted, and Clinton himself was made head of it. One year later, Clinton was elected governor of the state, and soon after, construction of the canal was started.

The canal took eight years to complete, and Clinton was on the first barge to travel the length of the canal, the Seneca Chief, which departed from Buffalo on October 26, 1825, and arrived in New York City on November 4. Because of the success of the Erie Canal, numerous other canals were built in other parts of the country.

Question 44: The pronoun “it” in the 3rd paragraph refers to which of the following?

A. The canal   

B. The New York State Legislation

C. The state governor 

D. The commission

Question 45: When did Clinton ask the U.S. government for funds for the canal?

A. In 1812

B. In 1825

C. In 1816 

D. One hundred years before the canal was built.

Question 46: The Seneca Chief was 

A. the nickname of Buffalo

B. the name of the canal

C. Clinton's nickname

D. the name of a boat

Question 47: The information in the passage

A. is in chronological order

B. is organized spatially

C. gives a cause followed by an effect

D. lists opposing viewpoints of a problem

Question 48: The word “boon” in the 2nd paragraph is closest in meaning to         

A. Disadvantage            B. Benefit

C. Cost                           D. Detriment

Question 49: The paragraph following the passage most probably discusses

A. the effect of the Erie Canal on the Buffalo area

B. Clinton's career as governor of New York

C. the century before the building of the Erie Canal

D. canals in different U.S locations

Question 50: Where in the passage does the author mention a committee that worked to develop the canal?

A. The first paragraph

B. The second paragraph

C. The fourth paragraph 

D. The third paragraph

Lời giải chi tiết

1

2

3

4

5

D

B

D

D

B

6

7

8

9

10

B

C

B

D

A

11

12

13

14

15

C

C

A

A

A

16

17

18

19

20

D

D

B

A

D

21

22

23

24

25

D

C

A

A

D

26

27

28

29

30

C

D

B

D

D

31

32

33

34

35

C

D

B

C

B

36

37

38

39

40

B

C

C

B

A

41

42

43

44

45

D

D

C

D

C

46

47

48

49

50

D

A

B

D

D

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