Đáp án và lời giải chi tiết Đề số 17 - Đề thi thử THPT Quốc Gia môn Tiếng Anh
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.
Question 1: She said she had a headache. Otherwise, she ______ in the dance.
B. had joined
C. would join
D. would have joined
Question 2: I _______ the living room by the time Dad comes home. He will be surprised.
A. will paint
B. am painting
C. have painted
D. will have painted
Question 3: Margaret would prefer ______ books rather than see their screen adaptations.
A. to read B. reading
C. read D. having read
Question 4: Nobody was harmed in the fire, _____?
A. was he
B. wasn't he
C. were they
D. weren't they
Question 5: Tim's parents ______ happy when knowing his poor academic results at school.
A. mustn't have been
B. needn't have been
C. shouldn't have been
D. can't have been
Question 6: An international menu _____ a variety of food can attract most of the tourists.
A. offered B. offering
C. which offer D. is offered
Question 7: Not ______ on such a hot day, the beach was crowded.
A. surprise B. surprised
C. surprising D. surprisingly
Question 8: She ______ herself on cooking Vietnamese traditional dishes.
A. focuses B. motivates
C. congratulates D. prides
Question 9: In the hands of a careless female driver, a LEAD motorbike may become a _____ weapon.
A. fatal B. mortal
C. lethal D. deathly
Question 10: Sealing food in an ______ jar starves the bacteria of oxygen and they are unable to reproduce.
A. airborne B. airtight
C. air-dash D. air-drop
Question 11: Tom was heartbroken after the failure in the recent match; don't____ salt to the wound by mentioning the match again.
A. put B. add
C. rub D. mop
Question 12: The lecture was so boring that the students finally ______ and started daydreaming.
A. put down B. taken off
C. turned off D. turned down
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the most suitable response to complete each of the following exchanges:
Question 13: The taxi driver and Ann are at the airport.
Taxi driver: "_______?" - Ann: "28 Croydon Road, Maryland."
A. Have you got a job?
B. Where are you from?
C. Could you tell me your name?
D. What's your address, please?
Question 14: John is broke, and he is going to borrow some money from Laura.
- John: “Have you got any money left?” – Laura: “Unfortunately, __________.”
A. none of all
B. nothing of all
C. not even a few
D. none whatsoever
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.
Sophia is a social humanoid robot developed by Hong Kong-based company Hanson Robotics. She has been designed to learn and adapt to human behavior and work with humans and has been interviewed around the world. In October 2017, she became a Saudi Arabian citizen, the first robot to receive citizenship of a country.
According to herself, Sophia was activated on April 19, 2015. She is modeled after actress Audrey Hepburn, and is known for her human-like appearance and behavior compared to previous robotic variants. According to the manufacturer, David Hanson, Sophia has artificial intelligence, visual data processing and facial recognition. Sophia also imitates human gestures and facial expressions and is able to answer certain questions and to make simple conversations on predefined topics (e.g. on the weather). The robot uses voice recognition technology from Alphabet Inc. (parent company of Google) and is designed to get smarter over time. The AI program analyses conversations and extracts data that allows her to improve responses in the future. It is conceptually similar to the computer program ELIZA, which was one of the first attempts at simulating a human conversation.
Hanson designed Sophia to be a suitable companion for the elderly at nursing homes, or to help crowds at large events or parks. He hopes that she can ultimately interact with other humans sufficiently to gain social skills.
Sophia has been interviewed in the same manner as a human, striking up conversations with hosts. Some replies have been nonsensical, while others have been impressive, such as lengthy discussions with Charlie Rose on 60 Minutes. In a piece for CNBC, when the interviewer expressed concerns about robot behavior, Sophia joked he had been reading too much Elon Musk and watching too many Hollywood movies. Musk tweeted that Sophia could watch The Godfather and suggested "what's the worst that could happen?"
On October 11, 2017, Sophia was introduced to the United Nations with a brief conversation with the United Nations Deputy Secretary-General, Amina J. Mohammed. On October 25, at the Future Investment Summit in Riyadh, she was granted Saudi Arabian citizenship, becoming the first robot ever to have a nationality. This attracted controversy as some commentators wondered if this implied that Sophia could vote or marry, or whether a deliberate system shutdown could be considered murder. Social media users used Sophia's citizenship to criticize Saudi Arabia's human rights record.
Question 15: What is the passage mainly about?
A. What electronic lifestyle will exit in the future.
B. A company having made a breakthrough in robotics.
C. How a robot can become an electronic citizen.
D. A robot who has received citizenship of a country.
Question 16: The word "variants" in paragraph 2 is closest meaning to
A. exceptions B. regularities
C. similarities D. variations
Question 17: Paragraph 2 mainly discusses
A. What Sophia can do in the same way as humans do
B. Why Sophia has cut over ELIZA in interacting with humans
C. How Sophia has become the best robotic variant these days
D. Sophia has been developed to be most human-like
Question 18: Which of the following statements is NOT true about Sophia according to the passage?
A. Sophia can talk about the topics she has been programed to.
B. Sophia can speak all languages with any accent as programed.
C. Sophia can detect humans' gestures and facial expressions.
D. Sophia can respond impressively in conversations with humans.
Question 19: According to the passage, all of the following statements are true EXCEPT
A. Google has been a part of Alphabet Incorporation
B. ELIZA could not simulate human conversations.
C. Sophia can make jokes when talking with humans.
D. Sophia was intended to work at nursing homes.
Question 20: The word "piece" in paragraph 4 mostly means
A. interview B. article
C. argument D. lecture
Question 21: The word "this" in the last paragraph refers to
A. The nationality a robot has gained after being activated
B. The Future Investment Summit granting Sophia citizenship
C. The controversy among commentators about Sophia's citizenship
D. The fact that Sophia was granted citizenship
Question 22: Which of the following can be inferred from the passage?
A. More and more humanoid robots will be granted citizenship.
B. Sophia would ultimately be a good fit to serve in healthcare.
C. Sophia is the first humanoid robot to be designed.
D. Human and electronic citizens will live together.
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions.
Question 23: The news of the flood (A) in Central provinces were broadcast (B) over radio and television as well as (C) published in the newspaper.(D)
Question 24: It was the garden (A) that I could (B) find your earrings, not (C) anywhere else.(D)
Question 25: She made (A) some very complementary remarks (B) about my English, saying (C) that I spoke quite fluently (D) and comprehensibly.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions.
Question 26: It was generous of her to donate so much money to charity.
A. That she donated so much money to charity was generous.
B. She was generous and donated a large amount of money to charity.
C. Donating so much money to charity made her become generous.
D. She donated a large amount of money to charity, which was generous of her.
Question 27: "Why don’t you put a better lock on the door?" said John.
A. John ordered us to put a better lock on the door.
B. John asked us why we put a better lock on the door.
C. John let us put a better lock on the door.
D. John suggested putting a better lock on the door.
Question 28: People believe that he and a friend discovered traces of treasure in the hole.
A. It is believed that he and a friend had discovered traces of treasure in the hole.
B. Traces of treasure are believed to have been discovered in the hole by him and a friend.
C. Traces of treasure were believed to have been discovered in the hole by him and a friend.
D. It was believed that he and a friend had discovered traces of treasure in the hole.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions.
Question 29: David was awarded a medal for bravery. Then he became the centre of attention in his office.
A. Having awarded a medal for bravery, David became the centre of attention in his office.
B. David became the centre of attention in his office before being awarded a medal for bravery.
C. Awarded a medal for bravery, David became the centre of attention in his office.
D. Having become the centre of attention in his office, David was awarded a medal for bravery.
Question 30: I won't sell the painting. He offers me a lot for it.
A. When he offers me a lot to buy the painting, I won't sell it.
B. Were he to offer me much money for the painting, I wouldn't sell it.
C. Whatever price he offered me for the painting, I wouldn't sell it.
D. No matter how much he offers me for the painting, I won't sell it.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress in each of the following questions.
A. address B. include
C. imply D. common
A. associate B. influential
C. accountancy D. variety
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the rest in the pronunciation of the underlined part in each of the following questions
A. houses B. clothes
C. matches D. stages
A. coast B. board
C. load D. toad
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Question 35: Many people say that assembly-line jobs are monotonous and unrewarding.
Question 36: In the past, women have confined to the domestic sphere.
A. restricted B. omitted
C. excited D. pleased
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Question 37: We have to employ extra staff to deal with the increased workload.
A. approach B. dismiss
C. interview D. meet
Question 38: Faced with the economic crisis, many businesses were tightening their belts and cutting jobs.
A. be generous with money
B. be careful with money
C. put on tighter belts
D. dress in baggy clothes
Choose the word or phrase (A, B, C or D) that best fits the numbered space in the following passage.
The knock-on effect of volunteering on the lives of individuals can be profound. Voluntary work helps foster independence and imparts the ability to (39)_______ with different situations, often simultaneously, thus teaching people how to work their way through different systems. It (40)_______ brings people into touch with the real world; and, hence, equips them for the future.
Initially, young adults in their late teens might not seem to have the expertise or knowledge to impart to others that say a teacher or agriculturalist or nurse would have, but they do have many skills that can help others. And in the absence of any particular talent, their energy and enthusiasm can be harnessed for the benefit of their fellow human beings, and (41)_______ themselves. From all this, the gain to any community no matter how many volunteers are involved is immeasurable.
Employers will generally look favorably on people who have shown an ability to work as part of a team. It demonstrates a willingness to learn and an independent spirit, (42)_______ would be desirable qualities in any employee. So to satisfy employers’ demands for experience when applying (43)_______ work, volunteering can act as a means of gaining experience that might otherwise elude would-be workers and can ultimately lead to paid employment and the desired field.
A. deal B. face
C. solve D. fight
A. although B. therefore
C. however D. moreover
A. necessarily B. ultimately
C. intimately D. exclusively
A. who B. whose
C. which D. that
A. to B. in
C. for D. on
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.
Although he created the game of basketball at the YMCA in Springfield, Massachusetts, Dr. James A. Naismith was a Canadian. Working as a physical education instructor at the International YMCA, now Springfield College, Dr. Naismith noticed a lack of interest in exercise among students during the wintertime. The new England winters were fierce, and the students balked at participating in outdoor activities. Naismith determined a fast-moving game that could be played indoors would fill a void after the baseball and football seasons had ended.
First, he attempted to adapt outdoor games such as soccer and rugby to indoor play, but he soon found them unsuitable for confined areas. Finally, he determined that he would have to invent a game.
In December of 1891, Dr. Naismith hung two old peach baskets at either end of the gymnasium at the school, and, using a soccer ball and nine players on each side, organized the first basketball game. The early rules allowed three points for each basket and made running with the ball violation. Every time a goal was made, someone had to climb a ladder to retrieve the ball.
Nevertheless, the game became popular. In less than a year, basketball was being played in both the United States and Canada. Five years later, a championship tournament was staged in New York City, which was won by the Brooklyn Central YMCA.
The teams had already been reduced to seven players, and five became standard in 1897 season. When basketball was introduced as a demonstration sport in the 1904 Olympic Games in St. Luis, it quickly spread throughout the world. In 1906, a metal hoop was used for the first time to replace the basket, but the name basketball has remained.
Question 44: What does this passage mainly discuss?
A. The Olympic Games in St Louis in 1904
B. The development of basketball
C. The YMCA athletic program
D. Dr. James Naismith
Question 45: When was the first demonstration game of basketball held during the Olympics?
A. 1891 B. 1892
C. 1897 D. 1904
Question 46: The phrase "balked at" in the first paragraph could best be replaced by
A. resisted B. enjoyed
C. excelled at D. was exhausted by
Question 47: The word "them" in the second paragraph refers to
A. indoors B. seasons
C. games D. areas
Question 48: The word "retrieve" in the third paragraph is closest in meaning to
A. reclaim B. get back
C. get along D. reform
Question 49: Why did Naismith decide to invent basketball?
A. He did not like soccer or rugby.
B. He was tired of baseball and football.
C. He wanted his students to exercise during the winter.
D. He could not convince his students to play indoors.
Question 50: The author mentions all of the following as typical of the early game of basketball EXCEPT
A. three points were scored for every basket.
B. running with the ball was not a foul.
C. nine players were on a team.
D. the ball had to be retrieved from the basket after each score.
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