Tiếng Anh 12

ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QUỐC GIA MÔN TIẾNG ANH

Đề số 14 - Đề thi thử THPT Quốc Gia môn Tiếng Anh

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Đáp án và lời giải chi tiết Đề số 14 - Đề thi thử THPT Quốc Gia môn Tiếng Anh

Đề bài

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions.

Question 1. Only their own mother can tell Simon and Mike apart.

A. No one other than their own mother can separate Simon and Mike.

B. Simon and Mike bear some resemblance to each other.

C. It's very difficult to distinguish Simon and Mike.

D. Except for their own mother, no one can talk to Simon and Mike.

Question 2. "How beautiful is the dress you have just bought!" Peter said to Mary.

A. Peter promised to buy Mary a beautiful dress.

B. Peter said thanks to Mary for her beautiful dress.

C. Peter asked Mary how she had just bought her beautiful dress.

D. Peter complimented Mary on her beautiful dress.

Question 3. Those who are riding a motorbike are not allowed to take off their helmet.

A. People must never take their helmet off while they are riding a motorbike.

B. Those who are wearing a helmet are not allowed to ride a motorbike.

C. It is the helmet that one needn't wear when he is riding a motorbike

D. You should not wear a helmet when you are riding a motorbike.

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.

Question 4. Exemplification is always necessary when you are addressing a younger audience.

A. illustration              B. variation 

C. simplification          D. exaggeration

Question 5. When heated to temperatures above 1250 degrees Centigrade, clay fuses and becomes pottery or stoneware.

A. melts together        B. steams up

C. breaks down           D. burns off

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.

Question 6. Steve______his chances of passing by spending too much time on the first question.

A. threw away                        B. threw in 

C. threw off                            D. threw out

Question 7. By the time Brown's daughter graduates,_______retired.

A. he'll have                            B. he 

C. he'll being                           D. he has

Question 8. Nobody likes his behavior,______?

A. doesn’t he                          B. do they  

C. don't they                           D. does he

Question 9. ______ ten minutes earlier, you would have got a better seat.

A. Were you arrived

B. If you arrived

C. If you hadn't arrived

D. Had you arrived

Question 10. After congratulating his team, the coach left, allowing the players to let their ______ down for a while.

A. hearts                                  B. hair 

C. souls                                   D. heads

Question 11. Extinction means a situation ______ a plant, an animal or a way of life stops existing.

A. to which                             B. for which

C. on which                            D. in which

Question 12. Making mistake is all ________ of growing up.

A. bits and bobs              B. odds and ends

C. part and parcel            D. top and bottom

Question 13. The judge ______ murderer to a lifetime imprisonment.

A. prosecuted                         

B. sentenced 

C. convicted                          

D. accused

Question 14. When my children _____  their toys, I donated them to a charity.

A. outnumbered                      B. outworn

C. outlasted                            D. outgrew

Question 15. The song has______been selected for the 2018 World Cup, Russia.

A. office                                 B. officer

C. officially                             D. official

Question 16. Alice said: “That guy is______ gorgeous. I wish he would ask rne out.”

A. dead-centre                    B. drop shot  

C. jumped-up                      D. drop-dead

Question 17. This factory produced_______motorbikes in 2008 as in the year 2006.

A. as many as twice 

B. as twice many                    

C. twice as many       

D. as twice as many

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions.

Question 18. The continental shelf (A) is the shadow area (B) of the ocean floor (C) that is closest to (D) the continents.

Question 19. She had so many (A) luggage that there was (B) not enough room (C) in the car for it.(D)

Question 20. Her application for a visa (A) was turned down (B) not only because it was incomplete (C) and incorrectly filled out but also because it was written in pencil.(D)

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress in each of the following questions.

Question 21.

A. energetic                B. epidemic 

C. initiative                 D. economic

Question 22.

A. expert                       B. mature 

C. channel                   D. secret

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 23 to 30.

The Forbidden City is the former imperial palace in the center of Beijing, China. Construction began in 1406, and the emperor's court officially moved in by 1420. The Forbidden City got its name because most people were barred from entering the 72-hectare site, surrounded by walls. Even government officials and the imperial family were permitted only limited access. Only the emperor could enter any section at will.

The architecture of the Forbidden City conforms rigidly to traditional Chinese principles. All buildings within the walls follow a north-south line and the most important ones face south to honor the sun. The designers arranged the other buildings, and the ceremonial spaces between them, to impress all visitors with the great power of the Emperor, while reinforcing the insignificance of the individual. This architectural concept was carried out to the smallest detail. For example, the importance of a building was determined not only by its height or width but also by the style of its roof and the quantity of statuettes placed on the roof’s ridges.

In recognition of the importance of its unparalleled architecture, UNESCO added the palace to its World Heritage List in 1987. Today, visitors from all over the world do not wait for an imperial invitation to walk about this palace, now a museum of imperial art.

One of the most impressive landmarks of the Forbidden City is the Meridian Gate, the formal entrance to the southern side of the Forbidden City. The gate, with its auxiliary wings on either side of the entryway, is 38 meters high at its roof ridge. When you stand in front of this majestic structure, you understand how awed people felt when they stood there listening to imperial proclamations.

As you walk through the gate, you come into a large courtyard, 140 meters long and 210 meters wide. Running through the courtyard is the Golden River, which is crossed by five parallel white marble bridges. These bridges lead to the Gate of Supreme Harmony, which, in turn, leads to the heart of the Forbidden City. At the northernmost end of the Forbidden City is the Imperial Garden, which is totally different from the rest of the compound. Instead of rigid formality, you see a seemingly spontaneous arrangement of trees, fishponds, flowerbeds, and sculpture. Here is the place of relaxation for the emperor.

Question 23. According to the passage, what do the bridges over the Golden River lead to?

A. The Meridian gate 

B. The Gate of Supreme Harmony

C. The Imperial Gardens  

D. The center of Beijing

Question 24. Which phrase is closest in meaning to the word 'unparalleled' as used in paragraph 3?

A. high quality found nowhere else

B. at an angle from the main line

C. careless of small details in design 

D. partially designed in a foreign country

Question 25. From the passage, it is implied that the main entrance area to the Forbidden City is 

A. not very impressive

B. surrounded by three tall walls

C. decorated with statuettes

D. painted gold and green

Question 26. Which word(s) does the word 'its' refer to in paragraph 3?

A. Architecture

B. World Heritage List

C. Palace 

D. UNESCO

Question 27. Which word or phrase is closest in meaning to the word "spontaneous"?

A. Without thinking

B. Unique 

C. Without planning

D. Strange

Question 28. From the passage, it can be inferred that

A. Chinese architects borrowed ideas from many different countries

B. the garden of the Forbidden City was laid out in a strict, rectangular pattern.

C. the design of the Forbidden City is dull and colorless.

D. the architecture of the Forbidden City exemplifies traditional Chinese values.

Question 29. Which phrase is closest in meaning to the word “proclamations”?

A. Poetry written for the emperor.

B. Music composed for public ceremonies.

C. Speeches encouraging soldiers to fight.

D. Official public announcements.

Question 30. Which sentence in the first paragraph explains who could go anywhere in the Forbidden City at any time?

A. Sentence 2

B. Sentence 5

C. Sentence 4

D. Sentence 3

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 31 to 37.

People have been donating blood since the early twentieth century to help accident victims and patients undergoing surgical procedures. Usually a pint of whole blood is donated, and it is then divided into platelets, white blood cells, and red blood cells. People can donate blood (for red blood cells) about once every two months. Transfusing the blood from the donor to the recipient is straightforward. It involves taking the blood from a donor’s arm vein by means of a hypodermic syringe. The blood flows through a plastic tube to a collection bag or bottle that contains sodium citrate, which prevents the blood from clotting. When the blood is given to a patient, a plastic tube and hypodermic needle are connected to the recipient's arm. The blood flows down from the container by gravity. This is a slow process and may last as long as 2 hours to complete the infusion of blood into the recipient. The patient is protected from being infected during the transfusion. Only sterile containers, tubing, and needles are used, and this helps ensure that transfused or stored blood is not exposed to disease causing bacteria. Negative reactions to transfusions are not unusual. The recipient may suffer an allergic reaction or be sensitive to donor leukocytes. Some may suffer from an undetected red cell incompatibility. Unexplained reactions are also fairly common. Although they are rare, other causes of such negative reactions include contaminated blood, air bubbles in the blood, overloading of the circulatory system through administration of excess blood, or sensitivity to donor plasma or platelets. Today, hospitals and blood banks go to great lengths to screen alt blood donors and their blood. All donated blood is routinely and rigorously tested for diseases, such as HIV, hepatitis B, and syphilis. When the recipient is a newborn or an infant, the blood is usually irradiated to eliminate harmful elements. Donated blood is washed, and the white blood cells and platelets removed. Storing the blood sometimes requires a freezing process. To freeze the red blood cells, a glycerol solution is added. To unfreeze the, the glycerolis removed. The ability to store blood for long periods has been a boon to human health.

Question 31. All of the following are mentioned as potential negative reactions to transfusion EXCEPT

A. Sensitivity to donor leukocytes

B. Air bubbles in the blood

C. Allergies

D. Red-cell incompatibility

Question 32. What can the phrase "go to great length" best replaced by?

A. irradiated

B. rigorously              

C. routinely                

D. removed

Question 33. According to the passage, how often can people donate blood for red blood cells?

A. Every four months

B. Every three month

C. Every two months

D. Every month

Question 34. Based on the information in the passage, what can be inferred about blood transfused to infants and newborns?

A. It is treated with radiant energy.                          

B. It is not treated differently from adults.

C. It is not dangerous for children.                           

D. It is rigorously tested as blood for adults.

Question 35. The word "it" refers to

A. surgical procedures

B. accident victims    

C. a pint of whole blood        

D. surgery patients

Question 36. What answer choice is closest in meaning to the word “undetected”?

A. not illustrated                    

B. not captured          

C. not found                          

D. not wanted

Question 37. What does the author imply in the passage?

A. Motoring blood benefits mankind.                                   

B. Clotting cannot be prevented.

C. Freezing blood destroys platelets.                        

D. Transfusing blood is a dangerous process.

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks from 38 to 42.

Working as a novelist is not really a career like being a doctor or a scientist. Although a fewwell-known ones, like Harry Potter author J. K. Rowling, have become wealthy, most writers find it difficult even to make a living from their book sales. Novels take a long time towrite, and authors can get into financial (38) _____ if they don’t have money coming in regularly from another job. But for those determined to write novels, it is without (39)______ one of the most enjoyable kinds of work to do. The writer has to be creative, thinking up completely new stories, and (40) _____, meaning they put all their time and effort into their work. They also need to be able to cope in a crisis, as nobody else can write their book for them. For this, a good sense of (41)______ often helps. Or the thought that maybe their novel might one day be turned into a film and become a Hollywood (42) _____!

Question 38.

A. problem                    B. trouble

C. upset                       D. worry

Question 39.

A. difficulty                  B. suspicion

C. thinking                  D. doubt

Question 40.

A. deliberate               B. delivered 

C. decided                  D. dedicated

Question 41.

A. hoping                      B. humor

C. smiling                      D. joking

Question 42.

A. best-seller                 B. attraction

C. blockbuster               D. victory

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.

Question 43. The situation seems to be changing minute by minute.

A. from time to time

B. time after time       

C. again and again

D. very slowly

Question 44. Jose had a hard time comparing the iPhone to the Samsung phone because to him they were apples and oranges.

A. containing too many technical details                   

B. very similar

C. completely different                                             

D. very complicated

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best completes each of the following exchanges.

Question 45. Liz and Laura is going shopping together.

Liz: "Look! This sweater is beautiful."

Laura: “______?”

A. Why not trying it on                                 

B. Why not trying on it          

C. Why not try it on                                      

D. Why not try on it

Question 46. Anna is seeing Bill off at the airport.

Anna: "_______"

Bill: "I will."

A. I'll miss you much.                                    

B. Give my best wishes to your parents.

C. Have a nice trip!                                        

D. Wish you a happy journey.

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.

Question 47.

A. promised                  B. conserved  

C. destroyed                 D. proposed

Question 48.

A. champagne               B. chaos

C. scheme                    D. chemist

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions.

Question 49. The government knows the extent of the problem. The government needs to take action soon.

A. Knowing the extent of the problem, the government needs to take action soon.

B. The government knows the extent of the problem whereas it needs to take action soon.

C. The government knows the extent of the problem so that it needs to take action soon.

D. The government knows the extent of the problem or else it needs to take action soon.

Question 50. He didn't notice anything. We might have been in trouble otherwise.

A. If he noticed anything, we would be in trouble.

B. If he hadn't noticed anything, we couldn't have been in trouble.

C. If he had noticed anything, we could have been in trouble.

D. If he noticed anything, we could have been in trouble.

Lời giải chi tiết

1

2

3

4

5

C

D

A

A

A

6

7

8

9

10

A

A

B

D

B

11

12

13

14

15

D

C

B

D

C

16

17

18

19

20

D

C

D

A

C

21

22

23

24

25

C

B

B

A

B

26

27

28

29

30

D

C

D

D

B

31

32

33

34

35

B

B

C

A

C

36

37

38

39

40

C

A

B

D

D

41

42

43

44

45

B

C

D

B

C

46

47

48

49

50

B

A

A

A

C

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