Đáp án và lời giải chi tiết Đề số 37 - Đề thi thử THPT Quốc Gia môn Tiếng Anh
Choose a word in each line that has different stress pattern
A. catastrophic B. preservation
C. fertilizer D. electronic
A. participant B. individual
C. publicity D. competitive
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions
Question 3. Vietnam exports (A) a lot of rice is grown (B) mainly in (C) the south of (D) the country.
Question 4. He passed (A) the exam with (B) high scores, that (C) made his parents happy.(D)
Question 5. To attract (A) someone’s attention, we can use (B) either verbal and non-verbal (C) forms of communication. (D)
Choose the word in each group that has the underlined part pronounced differrently from the rest
A. fossil B. session
C. discuss D. progress
A. talked B. naked
C. liked D. asked
Choose the best answer for each of the following sentences
Question 8. ………, no one was absent from the farewell party last night.
A. Heavily as it rained
B. As it rained heavily
C. Though it rains heavily
D. In spite of heavily rain
Question 9. He had changed so much since the last time we met that I …….. him.
A. could recognize
B. could hardly recognize
C. wouldn’t have recognized
D. don’t recognize
Question 10. Jane cooks well……..she hates washing up afterwards.
A. however B. therefore
C. so D. but
Question 11. ……..his brother, Petter is active and friendly.
A. Alike B. Unlike
C. Dislike D. Liking
Question 12. Tom’s eyes were red ……..he had been swimming in a chlorinated pool.
A. so B. but
C. because D. in case
Question 13. Lucy was late for school this morning because the alarm didn’t ……..as usual.
A. ring off B. get off
C. go off D. take off
Question 14. A sudden idea ……..to the cyclist that he might try the new method.
A. occurred B. happened
C. took place D. took part
Question 15. She asked me …….. I was looking at.
A. when B. if
C. what D. why
Question 16. We need to import……..from abroad.
A. a great deal of sports equipment
B. many sports equipments
C. a sports equipment
D. many pieces of sports equipment
Question 17. …….. these books to the library, as they will soon overdue.
A. Bring B. Take
C. Fetch D. Leave
Question 18. Larry was so……..in his novel that he forgot about his dinner cooking in the oven.
A. absorbed B. attracted
C. drawn D. obliged
Question 19. “Sorry for being late. I was …….. in the traffic for more than an hour.”
A. carried on B. held up
C. put off D. taken after
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is CLOSEST in meaning to each of the following questions
Question 20. I’m sure Luisa was very disappointed when she failed the exam
A. Luisa must be very disappointed when she failed the exam.
B. Luisa must have been very disappointed when she failed the exam.
C. Luisa may be very disappointed when she failed the exam.
D. Luisa could have been very disappointed when she failed the exam.
Question 21. “You had better see a doctor if the sore throat does not clear up.” she said to me.
A. She reminded me of seeing a doctor if the sore throat did not clear up.
B. She ordered me to see a doctor if the sore throat did not clear up.
C. She insisted that I see a doctor unless the sore throat did not clear up.
D. She suggested that I see a doctor if the sore throat did not clear up.
Question 22. Without her teacher’s advice, she would never have written such a good essay
A. Her teacher advised him and she didn't write a good essay.
B. Her teacher didn't advise her and she didn't write a good essay.
C. She wrote a good essay as her teacher gave her some advice.
D. If her teacher didn't advise her, she wouldnt write such a good essay.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on you answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions.
Question 23. She tried very hard to pass the driving test. She could hardly pass it.
A. Although she didn't try hard to pass the driving test, she could pass it.
B. Despite being able to pass the driving test, she didn’t pass it.
C. No matter how hard she tried, she could hardly pass the driving test.
D. She tried very hard, so she passed the driving test satisfactorily.
Question 24. Mary loved her stuffed animal when she was young. She couldn’t sleep without it.
A. When Mary was young, she loved her stuffed animal so much that she couldn’t sleep without it.
B. When Mary was young, she loved her stuffed animal so as not to sleep without it.
C. When Mary was young, she loved her stuffed animal though she couldn’t sleep without it.
D. As Mary couldn’t sleep without her stuffed animal when Mary was young, she loved it.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the most suitable response to complete each of the following exchanges.
Question 25. - "Excuse me. Where’s the parking lot?" - “…………”
A. Why do you ask me? I don’t know.
B. Do you get lost? I do too.
C. You missed the turn. It’s back that way
D. You are going the wrong way. It’s not here.
Question 26. Mary is talking to a porter in the hotel lobby.
- Porter: "Shall I help you with your suitcase?” - Mary: “…………”
A. Not a chance.
B. That’s very kind of you.
C. I can’t agree more.
D. What a pity!
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Question 27. Students are expected to always adhere to school regulations.
A. question B. violate
C. disregard D. follow
Question 28. A number of programs have been initiated to provide food and shelter for the underprivileged in the remote areas of the country.
A. rich citizens
B. active members
C. poor inhabitants
D. enthusiastic people
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Question 29. Driver are advised to get enough petrol because filling stations are few and far between on the highway.
A. easy to find
B. difficult to access
C. unlikely to happen
D. impossible to reach
Question 30. We managed to get to school in time despite the heavy rain.
A. earlier than a particular moment
B. later than expected
C. early enough to do something
D. as long as expected
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer for each of the questions.
Understanding India's Caste System
It has been said that life is what we make of it. In other words, if we work hard and focus on our goals, we can have great careers and enjoy high status is society. However, these opportunities don’t exist for everyone. In some places, the family you are born into will decide almost everything about your life. India’s caste system is an example of this.
The caste system is a major part of the Hindu religion that has existed for thousands of years. It is a way of organizing and grouping people based on the occupation of the family. Castes will determine whom people can socialize with and their place in society. Originally, a person’s caste was supposed to be determined by their personality, but over time it has been linked to their job and family.
There are four classes, also known as varnas, in India’s caste system. The highest one is Brahmin. People in this class have jobs in education and religion. These are seen as extremely important functions for the society as they deal with the knowledge. The second highest level is the Kshatriya, or ruling class. People from this group can be soldiers, landowners, or have jobs in politics. The class beneath this is the Vaishya. These people often work in the commercial sector as merchants. The fourth class level is the Shudra. Shudras typically work as unskilled labourers doing factory or farm work, or they may also be employed as artists.
There is another group, the Harijan, that is at the bottom and considered to be outside of the caste system. For many years, they were known as Untouchables, people from this caste held the most undesirable jobs in society, such as cleaning up garbage. Furthermore, they weren’t allowed to pray at public temples or drink water from the same wells as other classes. If someone from another caste came into contact with an Untouchable, they were considered dirty and would be expected to bathe vigorously to clean themselves.
Although the caste system still exists in India, the government is taking steps to improve the living conditions and decrease unemployment rates for the Shudras and Harijan. This includes providing better health care, offering literacy programmes, and making sure that people from higher social classes do not exploit them. It seems unlikely that the caste system will disappear any time soon, but the overall conditions for those at the bottom do seem to be improving.
Question 31. Which of the following is not true about India’s caste system?
A. The caste system has been used in India for a long time.
B. The Kshatriya is the second highest class.
C. Hard work helps people move up in the caste system.
D. It is possible that a Shudra would work on a farm.
Question 32. The word “this” in paragraph 1 refers to ________.
A. the fact that your origin will mostly decide your future
B. the pleasure of life in India
C. the India’s caste system existing for thousands of years
D. the major part of the Hindu religion
Question 33. What is the caste system mainly based on?
A. What a person believes on
B. When a person starts school
C. Who a person’s parents are
D. Where a person was born
Question 34. What kind of job would a Brahmin likely have?
A. A priest B. A warrior
C. An inventor D. A painter
Question 35. What could replace the word “ruling” in paragraph 3?
A. defeating B. guessing
C. delaying D. governing
Question 36. All of the following are true about the Harijan EXCEPT that ________.
A. they used to be known as Untouchables
B. they had to do undesirable jobs in society
C. any contact between someone from another caste with an Untouchable was considered unacceptable
D. anyone from another caste coming to contact with an Untouchable is not allowed to pray at temples
Question 37. What does the passage suggest about the future of the caste system?
A. One day soon it won’t be used anymore in India.
B. It is probably going to get worse before it gets better.
C. The bottom groups will rise to rule over the top classes.
D. It will likely continue to exist for a long time in India.
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer for each of the questions.
Throughout the world there are different ways for people to greet each other. In much of the world, a handshake is the (38)__________ form of welcoming and greeting someone. In many countries around the Mediterranean Sea a (39)___________ kiss on the cheek is the appropriate way to welcome friends and family. It can be a very (40)__________ surprise if you expect to shake hands and get a kiss or a hug instead.
At times, it is difficult to tell what sort of greeting (41)___________ is followed. People may bow, grab another’s arm or even slap the other person on the back. In some places people just smile, look at the other’s face and say nothing.
Most people in the world are tolerant of visitors and don’t mind what travellers do that seems wrong as long as the visitors are (42)__________. A big part of the delightfulness of world travel is experiencing different customs.
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer for each of the questions
Humans have struggled against weeds since the beginnings of agriculture. Marring our gardens is one of the milder effects of weeds – any plants that thrive where they are unwanted. They clog waterways, destroy wildlife habitats, and impede farming. Their spread eliminates grazing areas and accounts for one-third of all crop loss. They compete for sunlight, nutrients, and water with useful plants.
The global need for weed control had been answered mainly by the chemical industry. Its herbicides are effective and sometimes necessary, but some pose serious problems, particularly if misused. Toxic compounds threaten animal and public health when they accumulate in food plants, groundwater, and drinking water. They also harm workers who apply them.
In recent years, the chemical industry has introduced several herbicides that are more ecologically sound. Yet new chemicals alone cannot solve the world’s weed problems. Hence, scientists are exploring the innate weed-killing powers of living organisms, primarily insects and microorganisms.
The biological agents now in use are environmentally benign and are harmless to humans. They can be chosen for their ability to attack selected targets and leave crops and other plants untouched. In contrast, some of the most effective chemicals kill virtually all the plants they come in contact with, sparing only those that are naturally resistant or have been genetically modified for resistance. Furthermore, a number of biological agents can be administered only once, after which no added applications are needed. Chemicals typically must be used several times per growing season.
Question 43. With what topic does this passage primarily deal?
A. The dangers of toxic chemicals.
B. A proposal to ban the use of all herbicides.
C. The importance of the chemical industry.
D. Advantages of biological agents over chemical ones.
Question 44. The word ‘marring’ in bold is closest in meaning to
Question 45. The word ‘clog’ in bold is closest in meaning to
B. grow along
D. float on
Question 46. Which of the following terms does the author define in the first paragraph?
A. grazing area
D. wildlife habitats
Question 47. Which of the following statements about the use of chemical agents as herbicides would the author most likely agree?
A. It has become more dangerous recently.
B. It is occasionally required.
C. It is safe but inefficient.
D. It should be increased.
Question 48. The word ‘innate’ in bold is closest in meaning to
A. effective B. natural
C. active D. organic
Question 49. The word ‘applications’ in bold could best be replaced by which of the following?
C. special purposes
Question 50. Which of the following best describes the organization of the passage?
A. Two possible causes of a phenomenon are compared.
B. A problem is described and possible solutions are discussed.
C. A general idea is introduced and several specific examples are given.
D. A recommendation is analysed and rejected
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