Đáp án và lời giải chi tiết Đề kiểm tra học kì 1 - Đề số 20 - Tiếng Anh 12
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions.
Question 1: It is raining cats and dogs outside. I want to climb the mountain today but I can’t.
A. I can’t carry out my mountain climbing because there are many cats and dogs falling out the sky.
B. It is the heavy rain that prevents me from climbing the mountain today.
C. I find it rather hard to climb the mountain despite a heavy downpour outside.
D. The heavy rain makes it possible for me to continue going climbing today.
Question 2: The most successful candidates are not always the best educated. They are the best trained in the technique.
A. The most successful candidates are the best at training in the technique, if not they will need education.
B. The most successful candidates are the people who are trained well in the technique, although well educated.
C. The most successful candidates are not always the best educated, but the best trained in the technique.
D. The most successful candidates are not only the best educated but also the best trained in the technique.
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following question.
Question 3: ______, he would have been able to pass the exam.
A. If he studied more
B. Had he studied more
C. If he were studying to a greater degree
D. Studying more
Question 4: You are old enough to take ______ for what you have done.
A. responsibility B. responsible
C. responsibly D. irresponsible
Question 5: A new study group has been set ______ by the government.
A. out B. up
C. away D. down
Question 6: We would rather Helen ______ us all the information we needed . We should have been well informed.
A. sent B. send
C. had sent D. have sent
Question 7: Only because she had to support her family ______ to leave school.
A. that Alice decided
B. so Alice decided
C. Alice decided
D. did Alice decide
Question 8: The majority of primary school teachers ______ women.
A. is B. are
C. includes D. including
Question 9: After a ______ hesitation, she began to speak with such a convincing voice.
A. rude B. impolite
C. small D. slight
Question 10: This is his fifth day on the tour. He ______ four countries.
A. has already visited
B. already visited
D. is visiting
Question 11: ______ objective primary education is to provide students with basic knowledge of the country’s history, ______ geography and traditions.
A. 0/a B. The/the
C. The/0 D. An/the
Question 12: Not all men are connected with ______ physical attractiveness of their girlfriends and wives.
A. a B. the
C. an D. 0
Question 13: They always kept on good ______ with their next-door neighbors for the children’s sake.
A. terms B. will
C. friendship D. relations
Question 14: They stayed for hours, ______ my mother was very annoyed about.
A. that B. which
C. this D. whom
Question 15: Not until he was twenty five years old______ pursuit a scientific career.
A. he had B. has he
C. he has D. did he
Question 16: Look! The yard is wet. It ______ last night.
A. couldn’t have rained
B. must rain
C. must have rained
D. should rain
Read passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to the following each of the questions.
People travel for a lot of reasons: Some tourists go to see battlefields or religious shrines. Others are looking for culture, or simply want to have their pictures taken in front of famous places. But most European tourists are looking for a sunny beach to lie on.
Northern Europeans are willing to pay a lot of money and put up with a lot of inconveniences for the sun because they have so little of it. Residents of cities like London, Copenhagen, and Amsterdam spend a tot of their winter in the dark because the days are so short, and much of the rest of the year in the rain. This is the reason why the Mediterranean has always attracted them. Every summer, more than 25 million people travel to Mediterranean resorts and beaches for their vacation. They all come for the same reason, sun!
The huge crowds mean lots of money for the economies of Mediterranean countries. Italy’s 30,000 hotels are booked solid every summer. And 13 million people camp out on French beaches, parks and roadsides. Spain’s long sandy coastline attracts more people than anywhere else. 37 million tourists visit yearly, or one tourist for every person living in Spain.
But there are signs that the area is getting more tourists than it can handle. The Mediterranean is already one of the most polluted seas on earth. And with increased tourism, it’s getting worse. The French can’t figure out what to do with all the garbage left by campers around St. Tropez. And in many places, swimming is dangerous because of pollution.
None of this, however, is spoiling anyone’s fun. The Mediterranean gets more popular every year with tourists. Obviously, they don’t go there for clean water and solitude. They tolerate traffic jams and seem to like crowded beaches. They don’t even mind the pollution. No matter how dirty the water is, the coastline still looks beautiful. And as long as the sun shines, it’s still better than sitting in the cold rain in Berlin, London, or Oslo.
Question 17: In paragraph 2, cities like London, Copenhagen, and Amsterdam are mentioned _______.
A. to prove that they have got more tourism than they handle.
B. to tell us how wealthy their people are.
C. to suggest that these cities lack places of historic interest and scenic beauty.
D. to show that they are not good cities in terms of geography and climate.
Question 18: According to the passage, which of the following factors might spoil the tourists’ fun at Mediterranean resorts and beaches?
A. Polluted water B. Traffic jams
C. Rainy weather D. Crowded buses
Question 19: The writer seems to imply that Europeans travel mostly for the reason that ______.
A. they want to see historic remains or religious spots.
B. they would like to take pictures in front of famous sites.
C. they wish to escape from the cold, dark and rainy days back at home.
D. they are interested in different cultural traditions and social customs.
Question 20: The latter half of the last sentence in paragraph 3, “or one tourist for every person living in Spain” means _____.
A. every Spanish is visited by a tourist every year.
B. every person living in Spain has to take care of a tourist annually.
C. every year almost as many tourists visit Spain as there are people living in that country.
D. all the 37 million people living in Spain are tourists.
Question 21: The word “tolerate” in paragraph 5 is closest in meaning to ______.
A. reject B. endure
C. exclude D. neglect
Question 22: The word “solid” in paragraph 3 means most nearly the same as ______.
A. having no spaces inside
B. seeming to be hard to book
C. having less people than normal
D. being uncomfortable to live in
Question 23: According to the passage, which of the following countries attracts more tourists than the others?
A. Greece B. France
C. Spain D. Italy
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress in each of the following questions.
A. achievement B. calculate
C. attitude D. voluntary
A. dictation B. communicate
C. occasion D. reservation
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.
A. theme B. ethnic
C. thunder D. honey-mouthed
A. levels B. requirements
C. subject D. secondary
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the most suitable response to complete each of the following exchanges.
Question 28: The teacher asked students to discuss the situation “ Which is better, supermarkets and traditional markets”.
- Jennifer: “ I believe that supermarkets are much better than traditional markets”.
- Katherine: “______. Each has its own features”.
A. I can’t help thinking the same.
B. I couldn’t agree with you more.
C. I disagree with you.
D. That’s completely true.
Question 29: Ann and Matthew are talking about the effects of global warming.
- Ann: “Does global warming worry you?”
- Matthew: “___________”
A. I can’t bear to think about it.
B. What a shame!
C. I don’t like hot weather.
D. Oh, it’s hotter and hotter.
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.
People used to know more or less how their children would live. Now things are changing so quickly that they don’t even know what their own lives will be like in a few years’ time. What follows is not science fiction. It is how experts see the future.
You are daydreaming behind the steering wheel; is it too dangerous? No! That’s no problem because you have it on automatic pilot, and with its hi-tech computers and cameras, your car “know” how to get you home safe and sound.
What is for lunch? In the old days you used to stop off to buy a hamburger or a pizza. Now you use your diagnostic machine to find out which foods your body needs. If your body needs more vegetables and less fat, your food-preparation machine makes you a salad.
After lunch, you go down the hall to your home office. Here you have everything you need to do your work. Thanks to your information screen and your latest generation computer, you needn’t go to the office any more. The information screen shows an urgent message from a co-worker in Brazil. You can instantly send back a reply to him and go on to deal with other matters.
Question 30: What does “its” in line 5 refer to?
A. the future B. your home
C. your car D. the steering wheel
Question 31: What of the following statement is true about life in the future?
A. People will go to work as they do today.
B. Hi-tech equipment will be out of the question.
C. It will be dangerous to drive cars because they are too fast.
D. People can have balanced diets for their meal.
Question 32: Which of the following is NOT true about life in the future?
A. Eating is a problem because food contains too much fat
B. There’s no need to concentrate much when driving.
C. Contacts between people are almost instant.
D. Getting information is a matter of just a few seconds.
Question 33: According to the passage, what do people use a diagnostic machine for?
A. To make food for them.
B. To find out which foods their body needs
C. To provide them with food.
D. To sell food for humans.
Question 34: Which “reply” CLOSET in meaning to?
A. replay B. request
C. answer D. question
Question 35: The word “urgent” in the last paragraph probably means _____.
A. expected B. pressing
C. unnecessary D. hurry
Question 36: What is the main idea of the passage?
A. What life is like in the future.
B. The role of the computer in future life.
C. What foods people will eat in the future.
D. Life in the future will be the same as life at present.
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Question 37: Lucky will be like a dog with two tails if she gets into the team.
A. very proud
B. very exhausted
C. extremely pleased
D. extremely dazed
Question 38: Some workers were inhibited from speaking by the presence of their managers.
A. deferred B. discharged
C. triggered D. prevented
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Question 39: But what the most prevents women from reaching the boardroom, say bosses and headhunters, is lack of hands-on experience of a firm’s core business.
A. unavailable B. untested
C. impractical D. insignificant
Question 40: Nowadays, it was rather easy to buy a modern TV, and it does pack a punch to bring to life some really awesome visuals.
A. have little effect on something.
B. make bad things happen.
C. prevent something from coming into use
D. produce the results that aren’t intended
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions.
Question 41: Maria says she’d like to have been put in a higher class.
A. Maria wishes she is put in a higher class.
B. Maria wishes she were put in a higher class.
C. Maria wishes she had been put in a higher class.
D. Maria wishes she will be put in a higher class.
Question 42: His parents made him study for his exams.
A. He was obliged to study for the exam by his parents.
B. He was made to study for the exam by his parents.
C. He is made to study for the exam by his parents.
D. He was made study for the exam by his parents.
Read the following passage and mark A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the blanks.
In Part Three of the Speaking Section you work together with a partner. You have to do a (43)______ task which usually lasts about 3 minutes. One possible task is “problem solving”, which means you have to look at some (44)______information and then discuss the problem with your partner. You may be shown photos, drawings, diagrams, maps, plans, advertisements or computer graphics and it is (45) ______ that you study them carefully. If necessary, check you know exactly what to do by politely asking the examiner to repeat the instruction or make them clearer.
While you are doing the task, the examiner will probably say very little and you should ask your partner questions and make (46) ______ if he or she is not saying much. If either of you have any real difficulties, the examiner may decide to step in and help. Normally, however, you will find plenty to say, which helps the assessor to give you a fair mark. This mark depends on your success in doing the task by competing with your partner, which includes taking (47) ______ in giving opinions and replying appropriately, although in the end it may be possible to “agree to disagree”.
A. lonely B. single
C. unique D. once
A. optical B. visual
C. noticeable D. obvious
A. essential B. needed
C. helpful D. successful
A. speeches B. statements
C. ideas D. suggestions
A. changes B. sides
C. turns D. sentences
Mark the letter A, B, C or D in your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions.
Question 48: What we know about certain diseases are still not sufficient to prevent them from spreading easily among the population.
A. What we know about
C. from spreading
Question 49: Meal time also gives children a chance to learn how some of their favorite dishes making.
A. also gives B. to learn
C. how D. making
Question 50: The food that Mark is cooking in the kitchen is smelling delicious.
A. The food B. is cooking
C. is smelling D. delicious
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