Language focus - trang 128 - Unit 13 - Tiếng Anh 8


Passive form: be + past participle Compound words: rice-cooking, fire-making, etc. Reported speech

1. Complete the sentences. Use the passive forms of the verbs in the box.Decide whether the rime is past, present or future.

put       make       perform       write    hold     award       decorate

a)   Christmas songs_____________ for people in towns and villages eight

hundred years ago.

b)  On Christmas Eve in the early 1500s, a free______________ and_______

in the market place in the Latvian city of Riga.

c)  In the rice-cooking festival, a fire______________ in the traditional way.

d)   An English-speaking contest______________________ at Nguyen Hue

School next month.

e) The first prize___________ to the Mekong Team just after the final match

yesterday.

f)    The Christmas carol “Silent Night, Holy Night” ________________________  in

Austria by Franz Gruber in the 19th century.

===> 1. Hoàn thành những câu sau dùng dạng bị động của động từ trong khung, lưu ý thời gian ở quá khứ, hiện tại hay tương lai.

a. Christmas songs were performed for people in towns and villages eight hundred years ago.

b. On Christmas Eve in the early 1500s. a tree was decorated and put in the market place in the Latvian city of Riga.

c. In the rice-cooking festival, a fire was made in the traditional way.

d. An English-speaking contest will be held at Nguyen Hue School next month.

e. The first prize was awarded to the Mekong Team just after the final match yesterday.

f. The Christmas carol “Silent Night, Holy Night” was written in Austria by Franz Gruber in the 19th century.

2. Complete the conversation. Use the verbs in the box.

break (2)              jumble                  scatter                       pull

Hanh and her mother have just got home from the market.

Hanh:               Mom! Something has happened to our kitchen.

Mrs. Thanh: What’s wrong?

Hanh: Mom! Look. The cupboard is open and everything has been (1) ______  .

Mrs. Thanh: Oh, no. The jar I like has been (2)__________ .

Hanh: Many bowls and dishes have been (3) ___________ , too. And look at this, Mom. The dried mushrooms have been (4) ______________ all over the floor.

Mrs. Thanh: And where is the pan of fish I left on the stove?

Hanh: Here it is. It has been (5)________________ into the sink. The fish has gone.

Mrs. Thanh: Who has done all this?

Hanh:    Mom, it must have been the cat!

===> 2. Hoàn thành hội thoại sau, dùng động từ trong khung.


1.  jumbled

2. broken

3. broken

4.  scattered

5.  pulled

3. Rewrite the sentences in your exercise book. Use a compound word in your sentences.

Example:

  • It is a contest in which participants have to cook rice.

=> it’s a rice-cookine contest.

a)  It is a contest in which participants have to make a fire.

b)  It is a festival in which people have their bulls fight against each other.

c)The United States has a big industry that makes cars.

d)   Last week tran Hung Dao School held a contest in which students arranged flowers as attractively as they could.

e)  Viet Nam is a country which exports a lot of rice.

f)  This is a machine which is used to wash clothes.

===> 3. Viết những câu này vào vở bài tập, dùng từ kép trong câu của em.

a. It’s a fire-making contest.

b. It's a bull-fighting contest.

c. The United States has a car-making industry.

d. Last week Tran Hung Dao School held a flower-arranging contest,

e. Viet Nam is a rice-exporting country.

f. This is a washing machine.

4. Yesterday Lan’s grandmother, Mrs. Thu, needed a plumber. A man came to her door. Report what the man told Thu.

Example:

a)    “ I'm a plumber.”

He said he was a plumber.

b)  “I can fix the faucets.”

c) “The pipes are broken.”

d)  “New pipes are very expensive.”

e)  “You must pay me now.”

4. Hôm qua bà Thu, bà của Lan, cần một thợ sửa ống nước. Có một ngưòi đến nhà bà. Hãy thuật lại lời ngưòi ấy nói với bà Thu.

  1. He said he was a plumber.
  2. He said he could fix the faucets.
  3. He said the pipes were broken.
  4. He said new pipes were very expensive.
  5. He said we had to pay him then.

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