Skills - trang 22 Unit 7 SGK tiếng anh 12 mới


Tổng hợp các bài tập trong phần Skills - trang 22 Unit 7 SGK tiếng anh 12 mới

READING

A.I. applications

1      Discuss what the pictures below show and where you might see these things. (Thảo luận về những gì các hình ảnh dưới đây cho thấy và nơi bạn có thể nhìn thấy những điều này.)

Gợi ý trả lời:

a. a voice recognition application which can be seen in smartphones, tablets and other electronic devices

b. a device using the GPS (Global Positioning System): a space-based navigation system that provides location information in all weather conditions, anywhere on or near the Earth, and can be seen in advanced means of transport

c. a medical robot which can be seen in technologically advanced hospitals

d. an automated bomb disposal robot which is used by the military

2   Read the following text about some A.I. applications and circle the correct answers. There may be more than one correct answer to some questions. (Đọc văn bản sau đây về một số ứng dụng A.I. và khoanh tròn câu trả lời đúng. Có thể có nhiều câu trả lời đúng cho một số câu hỏi.)

A.I. or artificial intelligence is the intelligence displayed by machines or software.

Many industries today use highly automated vehicles that can drive with almost no human intervention. Smart robots have replaced humans in stressful and dangerous jobs, and in assembly lines doing tasks such as packing and lifting heavy things.

In science and medicine, A.I. techniques help medical doctors to discover subtle interactions between medications that put patients at risk because of their serious side effects. Patients at highest risk of complications are also detected based on these techniques.

In navigation, devices using the GPS (Global Positioning System) help drivers or pilots to find the best routes to their destination by avoiding obstacles, traffic jams, and accidents.

In military, A.I. robots are used to explore dangerous environments containing explosives or contaminated by nuclear weapons.

In communication, the voice recognition systems in smartphones or other electronic devices can identify our speech, and are getting better at understanding our intentions. A.I. algorithms can also help to detect faces and other features in photos sent to social networking sites and automatically organise them. Internet search engines such as Google and Bing provide hundreds of millions of people with search results related to weather, traffic predictions, book recommendations, educational institutions, music, films, and games. A.I. applications on the Internet can translate web pages in real time, and even help users to learn new languages.

Many A.I. experts believe that A.I. technology will soon make even greater advances in many other areas. Modern robots will be more intelligent and replace humans in many dangerous jobs and environments. This will certainly improve our lives in the near future.

1.What types of A.I. technology can be seen in tcx industries?

A  Human-like robots.

B  Automated cars.

C  Machines controlled by humanoids.

D  Packing and lifting machines.

2. Which of these A.I. applications in medicine is mentioned in the text?

A  Operating on patients at highest risk of complications.

B  Helping to treat unhealthy organs.

C  Finding out about the serious side effects of soM medications.

D  Discovering how medications interact within human body.

3. How can the GPS help you?

A  Recommend your destination.

B  Show you the fastest way to your destination.

C  Show you how to get out of traffic jams.

D  Drive the car automatically.

4. What is the function of voice recognition?

A  Identifying human voices.

B  Copying human commands.

C  Recording human voices.

D  Translating human commands.

5. How can Internet users understand foreign langia| texts?

A  They can learn the language on the Internet.

 B They can guess the meaning using search engines

C  They can get information about them on the Internet

D  They can use a translating application.

6. What will A.I. robots in the near future be capable i having according to many A.I. experts?

A  Human-like emotions.

B  Healthy lifestyles.

C  Dangerous behaviour.

D  Higher levels of intelligence.

Đáp án:

1. B, D

2. C, D

3. B, C

4. A

5. A, D

6. D

 

3     Work in pairs. Find a noun from each verb. Then make a sentence with each noun. (Làm việc theo cặp. Tìm một danh từ từ từng từ. Sau đó tạo một câu với mỗi từ.)

Verb

Noun

apply

 

interverne

 

interact

 

navigate

 

predict

 

recognize

 

Đáp án:

1 application        2. intervention      3. interaction

4. navigation        5. prediction         6. recognition

4     Work in groups. Name some robots which you have seen. Tell your partners where you saw them and their functions. (Làm việc nhóm. Đặt tên cho một số robot mà bạn đã thấy. Nói với các bạn của bạn, nơi bạn nhìn thấy chúng và chức năng của chúng.)

SPEAKING 

Talking about the risks of artificial intelligence

1 Work in pairs. Discuss the following questions. (Làm việc theo cặp. Thảo luận các câu hỏi sau đây.)

Do you know the name of this person? What is he famous for?

stp

Hướng dẫn:

Professor Stephen Hawking. He is a world-renowned British theoretical physicist, known for his retributions to the fields of cosmology, general relativity and quantum gravity, especially in the context of black holes.

2  Read and complete the following news item with the words in the box. (Đọc và hoàn thành mục tin tức sau đây với các từ trong hộp.)

Đáp án:

1. efforts

2. threat

3. technology

4. form

5. consequences

6. destruction

7. evolution

 

3    Work in pairs. Complete the conversation using the information in 2 and practise it . (Làm việc theo cặp. Hoàn thành cuộc trò chuyện bằng cách sử dụng thông tin trong 2 và luyện tập nó.)

Đáp án:

  1. Who interviewed him
  2.  the threat of creating thinking machines and the development of full artificial intelligence
  3. it can lead to the destruction of humanity
  4. their slow biological evolution. Creating intelligent machines that could match or surpass humans could lead to the destruction of people

4  Work in groups. Prepare a talk about the risks of artificial intelligence to present to the class using the ideas from 2 and 3. Add your own ideas if there are any.

Làm việc nhóm. Chuẩn bị một cuộc nói chuyện về những rủi ro của trí tuệ nhân tạo để trình bày cho lớp học sử dụng những ý tưởng từ 2 và 3. Thêm ý tưởng của riêng bạn nếu có bất kỳ.

Gợi ý trả lời:

-Hackers take control of A.I. devices and misuse them causing mass destruction and danger to the world.

-A.I. devices crash causing fatal accidents n industries and hospital medicine.

LISTENING

The future of A.I.

1  Match each word in column A with its meaning in column B. (Khớp mỗi từ ở cột A với ý nghĩa của nó trong cột B)

nối

Đáp án:

1.c    2.d    3.a    4.f   5.b   6.e

2  Listen to the conversation between Nam and Mai. Decide whether the following statements are true (T), false (F), or not given (NG). Tick the correct box. (Nghe cuộc trò chuyện giữa Nam và Mai. Quyết định xem các nhận định sau đây là đúng (T), sai (F), hoặc không xác định (NG). Đánh dấu vào ô thích hợp.)

Click tại đây để nghe:

  1. Mai met Kurzweil in a conference about A.I.
  2. Kurzweil is one of the leading American scientists in the development of A.I. technology.
  3. He believes that computers will be more intelligent than humans by 2029.
  4. According to this scientist, humans will be more powerful and have better memories.
  5. Nam and Mai will be in their thirties by 2029.
  6. According to some predictions, if A.I. machines become more intelligent than humans, they will destroy the world and kill humans.

Đáp án:

1 NG    2. NG    3. F    4. F    5.T    6.T

3   Listen again. Answer the following questions. 

Click tại đây để nghe:

  1. What is the article that Mai read about?
  2. Besides being a computer scientist, what is Kurzweil famous for?
  3. What is Mai's opinion of Kurzweil?
  4. What did the scientist say about the ability of computers to think?
  5. What does Kurzweil call the tiny robots implanted into human bodies?

Hướng dẫn:

Nghe lại. Trả lời những câu hỏi phía dưới

  1. It is about artificial intelligence. 
  2. He is an author, inventor, and futurist.
  3. He's very talented.
  4. They will think more quickly than humans.
  5. He calls them nanobots.

4     Work in groups. What do you think about Kurzweil's ideas?

Làm việc theo nhóm. Bạn nghĩ gì về ý tưởng Kurzweil?

WRITING

Advantages and disadvantages of intelligent machines

1    Put the following phrases about intelligent robots in the appropriate columns.

  1. costly to train the operating staff and upgrade the computer programs
  2. complete tasks faster and more precisely than humans
  3. have fewer errors and defects
  4. malfunctions due to computer system crashes
  5. hackers taking control of computers and causing damage
  6. reduce the workforce and cost of production

Advantages

Disadvantages

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hướng dẫn:

Đặt các cụm từ sau đây về robot thông minh trong các cột thích hợp.

Advantages: 2, 3,6;

Disadvantages: 1,4,5

2      Read and combine the sentence halves. (Đọc và kết hợp 2 nửa của câu)

nối

Đáp án:

1.d  2.f  3.b  4.a  5.c  6.e

3  Complete the outline. Then write an essay of 220-260 words to discuss the advantages and disadvantages of using intelligent robots, using the ideas in 2 and 3.

Hoàn thành đề cương. Sau đó viết một bài luận trong 220-260 từ để thảo luận về những lợi thế và bất lợi của việc sử dụng robot thông minh, sử dụng những ý tưởng trong 2 và 3.

Gợi ý trả lời:

advantages: reduce workforce in industries, help doctors to do surgery and do research

disadvantages: become useless by power failure, attached and taken control of by hackers leading to the misuse of robotic devices



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