Skills - trang 10 Unit 6 SGK tiếng anh 12 mới


Tổng hợp các bài tập trong phần Skills - trang 10 Unit 6 SGK tiếng anh 12 mới

READING

Saving endangered species: pros and cons

1   Discuss with a partner. (Thảo luận với một người bạn)

a. Which of these animals are on the list of endangered species? (Những loài động vật nào nằm trong danh sách các loài bị đe dọa?)

dolphin

tiger

saola

elephant

sea turtle

giant panda

b. Can you find them in Vietnam now? (Bạn có thể tìm thấy chúng ở VN hiện nay không?)

Đáp án:

a. Tigers, saolas, elephants, sea turtles, and giant pandas are on the list of endangered species.

b. Tigers, saolas, elephants and sea turtles are still found in Viet Nam, but each with a small population.

2    Below are three people's opinions posted on the fantasticwildlife.org website. Read the text and decide what they are talking about (Dưới đây là ba ý kiến của người dân được đăng trên trang web fantasticwildlife.org. Đọc văn bản và quyết định những gì họ đang nói về)

a. Why endangered animals should be protected.

b. How to protect endangered species.

c. Whether or not we should protect endangered species.

SIMON (Scotland)

Let's just put ourselves in endangered animals' shoes. How would we feel if the animals ruled the world and we became the ones in danger of extinction? We are living creatures and so are the animals. We can no longer attribute the rapid extinction of species to natural causes such as earthquakes or drought. Today many plants and animals are becoming endangered or extinct because of habitat destruction, over­harvesting and poaching. It's our duty to start repairing the damage we've caused to nature.

YOSHIKO (JAPAN)

 

If we continue to save endangered animals, then we stop animals from replacing other animals. Extinction is just a part of the evolutionary process and we must not interfere with it. Hence, trying to save species that cannot survive in their environment is rather silly, because it's against the laws of nature. So, let mother nature do her job. What's more, not all animals are friendly or harmless. Elephants and tigers are two examples of animals that are dangerous. People living near some nature reserves have to face constant threats to their livestock and crops. Then should we protect these animals at the expense of local people's lives?

AI LIEN (Viet Nam)

Animal and plant extinction can ruin the ecosystem and reduce biodiversity. All creatures are part of an ecosystem. They all help humans in some way. For example, over 50% of the medicines currently in use are derived from natural products made from animals or plants. By losing biodiversity, we are losing the chance to discover new medicines that could save the lives of millions of people each year. What's more, nature is beautiful, and that's the best reason to preserve it. Walking in a rainforest or going scuba-diving over a coral reef helps us to relax and feel at peace.

Đáp án:

c. Whether or not we should protect endangered species. (Chúng ta có nên bảo vệ những loài động vật đang bị đe doạ hay không)

3     Whose opinions are these? Write the correct name in the space before each statement. (Những ý kiến này là của ai? Viết tên chính xác vào chỗ trống trước mỗi câu.)

  1. There are two reasons why we should protect endangered species.
  2. There are two reasons why we shouldn't protect endangered species.
  3. Humans should be held responsible for endangering species or driving them to extinction.
  4. Saving species in danger of extinction means going against the laws of nature.
  5. Humans and animals should get an equal chance of being protected from danger.
  6. Preserving animal and plant species helps to maintain biodiversity.

Đáp án:

1. Ai Lien    2. Yoshiko     3. Simon                         4. Yoshiko      

5. Simon                    6. Ai Lien

Find the prepositions in the reading text to complete these phrases and expressions. Use a dictionary to find their meanings. (Tìm các giới từ trong bài đọc để hoàn thành các cụm từ và biểu thức. Sử dụng từ điển để tìm ý nghĩa của chúng.)

Phrases and expressions

Meanings

1. to put oneself _______someone's shoes

 

2. to attribute something (a result)_______ something else (a cause)

 

3. to cause damage_______ something

 

4. to interfere___________ something

 

5. to feel _______peace

 

Đáp án:
  1. in (put oneself in someone's shoes = be in another person's situation)
  2. to (attribute sth to sth else = believe that something is the result of a particular thing)
  3. to (cause damage to something = harm something)
  4.  with (interfere with something = prevent something from being done)
  5. at (feel at peace = be free from anxiety or distress)

5 Discuss with a partner.

Which of the three people above do you agree with? Why?

Thảo luận với một người bạn.
Bạn đồng ý với ai trong số 3 người trên? Tại sao?

SPEAKING

Action for endangered species conservation

1 Put the following ways of protecting rhinos and coral reefs in the correct boxes. (Đặt những cách sau đây để bảo vệ tê giác và các rạn san hô vào các hộp đúng.)

►   ban transportation of and trading in rhino horns

►   donate to rhino conservation organisations

►   launch anti-poaching campaigns

►   not leave litter on the beach or in the water

►   practise safe and responsible diving and snorkelling

►   stop using rhino products

►   use organic fertilizers to avoid polluting the ocean

►   stop using coral reef products

Đáp án:

How to protect rhinos

How to protect coral reefs

- ban transportation of

-not leave litter on the

and trading in rhino

beach or in the water

horns

- practise safe and

-donateto rhino

responsible diving and

conservation

snorkelling

organisations

-use organic fertilizers to

- launch anti-poaching

avoid polluting the ocean

campaigns

-stop using coral reef

- stop using rhino products

products

 

2 Work with a partner. Use the information in 1 or your own ideas to prepare a talk about how to protect rhinos or coral reefs. The following phrases and expressions may help you. (Làm việc cùng một người bạn. Sử dụng thông tin trong 1 hoặc ý tưởng riêng của mình để chuẩn bị cho một cuộc nói chuyện về làm thế nào để bảo vệ tê giác hoặc rạn san hô. Các cụm từ và các biểu thức sau đây có thể giúp bạn.)

Purposes

Phrases and expressions

1. To welcome the audience and introduce the topic

Good morning/afternoon, everyone.

It's my pleasure to talk to you today about...

2. To introduce the first point/idea

To begin with, I'll suggest...

I'd like to begin by discussing...

3. To move to the next point

My next point is...

Let's now turn to another point.

4. To indicate the end of the talk

Finally, I'd like to summarise the key issues/points.

To sum up, let's look at the main points again.

To conclude, I'd like to...

5. To thank the audience

Thank you for your attention. Thanks for listening.

3      Present your talk to the class.

Trình bày cuộc nói chuyện của bạn trước lớp.

LISTENING

Dangers to wildlife

1     Below is the conservation status scale which indicates whether a species still exists and how likely it is to become extinct in the near future. Match the three phrases indicating three threatened' levels with the numbers 1,2 and 3. (Dưới đây là tình trạng bảo tồn quy mô cho ta biết liệu một loài có còn tồn tại hay không và khả năng như thế nào nó sẽ biến mất trong tương lai. Nối 3 cụm từ chỉ 3 mức đe doạ với các số 1,2,3)

nối

2  Listen to the first part of a talk given by Peter Shawl, a conservation biologist, and check your answers in 1. (Nghe phần đầu tiên của cuộc nói chuyện của Peter Shawl, một nhà bảo tồn sinh học , và kiểm tra câu trả lời của bạn trong 1.)

Click tại đây để nghe:

Đáp án:

1. CR (Critically endangered)

2.EN (Endangered)

3. VU (Vulnerable)

3  Listen to the second part of the talk and choose the best option to complete the statements or answer the questions. (Nghe phần thứ hai của buổi nói chuyện và chọn lựa chọn tốt nhất để hoàn thành các nhận định hoặc trả lời các câu hỏi.)

Click tại đây để nghe:

1. According to Peter Shawl, wildlife becomes endangered because        .

A  the population of some species grow too fast

B  natural habitats are destroyed by humans

C  the stronger animals kill the weaker

2. Animals' habitats become polluted when humans

A  cut down forest trees

B   build more houses

C   use chemicals in agriculture

3. When tigers are hunted and killed, which of their parts are collected and used?

A  Their bones.

B  Their fur.

C  Their teeth.

4. Which of the following uses of elephant tusks is mentioned in the talk?

A  Making false teeth.

B Producing traditional medicine to treat diseases.

C  Making valuable items.

Đáp án:

1. B    2.C    3.A    4.C

4  Listen to the second part again. Complete the summary of the talk, writing one word in each blank. (Nghe phần thứ hai một lần nữa. Hoàn thành bản tóm tắt của bài nói, viết một từ trong mỗi khoảng trống.)

Click tại đây để nghe:

In the second part, Shawl discusses the two main (1) to wildlife. The first is

loss of (2), and the second is hunting and (3) .These dangers are caused by (4) activities, so we need to take action to protect and (5)  wildlife.

Đáp án:

1. dangers    2 habitat

3. poaching    4. human   5. conserve

5     Do you agree with Peter Shawl that humans are responsible for the loss of biodiversity? Discuss with a partner.

 

Bạn có đồng ý với Peter Shawl rằng con người phải chịu trách nhiệm cho sự mất mát đa dạng sinh học? Thảo luận với một người bạn.

WRITING

Endangered species report

1    Match the pictures with the animals' names. Then discuss the questions with a partner. (Khớp những hình ảnh với tên của các loài động vật. Sau đó thảo luận câu hỏi với một người bạn.)

-       Can you find these animals in Viet Nam?

-       What do they eat?

-       Are they endangered species?

a. blue whale           b. Komodo dragon

Đáp án:

1. b (Komodo dragon: not found in Viet Nam; eats meat; classified as vulnerable)

2. a (blue whale: sometimes found stranded on Viet Nam's coastal areas; eats small shellfish; classified as endangered)

2  Read the facts about the Komodo dragon and the blue whale. Write a, b, c, d, or e in the space provided to match the title with the correct section. (Đọc sự kiện về con rồng Komodo và cá voi xanh. Viết a, b, c, d, hay e vào chỗ trống được cung cấp để phù hợp với tiêu đề với các phần chính xác.)

a. Diet 

b. Conservation status 

c. Habitat and location

d. Population

e. Physical features

Komodo dragon

Blue whale

1.

- found in the wild on Indonesian islands (Komodo, Rinca,

Gili Montang, Gili Dasami, Flores)

- live in forests, on beaches, on hilltops

-  live in the cold waters of the Arctic and Antarctic

-  migrate to tropical seas to breed (up to four months)

2.

-  looks like a crocodile or lizard

-  male adults can grow up to 3 metres long

- 90 kilos

-  mammal, but looks like a fish

- 30 metres long

-  150-200 tons

3.

eat meat (large water buffaloes, deer, pigs, smaller dragons)

eat very small shellfish

4.

6,000 in the wild in Indonesia; slightly declining

estimated 14,000 (10,000 in the Antarctic and 4,000 in the Arctic); increasing

5.

- vulnerable (IUCN Red List)

- cause: more males than females (humans are not a threat)

-  protected by anti­poaching laws in Indonesia and by 30 zoos and other wildlife parks outside Indonesia

- endangered (IUCN Red List)

- facing threats from whalers, pollution, collisions with boats and ships, and global warming

-  many recovery plans to restore its population

Đáp án:

1c Habitat and location

2e Physical features

3a Diet     

4d Population

5b Conservation status

3 Choose one of the two species in 2 and write a report of 150-200 words to describe it. Follow the plan below. (Chọn một trong hai loài trong 2 và viết một báo cáo trong 150-200 từ để mô tả nó. Thực hiện theo kế hoạch dưới đây.)

Paragraph 1: Habitat and location of the species below. Example: Komodo dragons are found in the wild...

They live in forests,...

Paragraph 2: Physical features and diet

Example: Although they are called dragons, they look like...

Paragraph 3: Population and conservation status Example: There are about 6,000...

According to the IUCN Red List, Komodo dragons are classified as...

Gợi ý trả lời:

Komodo dragons are found in the wild on only five islands in Indonesia: Komodo, Rinca, Gili Montang, Gili Dasami and Flores, where they roam freely. They live mainly in forests, but can be seen scattered widely over the islands from beaches to hilltops.

Though they are called dragons, they look like a big lizard. A male adult can measure three metres in length and weighs 90 kilos. Komodo dragons eat meat. They are also fierce hunters and an eat very large prey, such as large water buffaloes, deer and pigs. They will even eat smaller Komodo dragons.

There are about 6,000 Komodo dragons in Indonesia. Humans are not a great danger to them. However, their population is slightly declining because there are more males than females. According to the IUCN Red List, Komodo dragons are not endangered, but are considered vulnerable. About 30 zoos outside Indonesia Tave been trying to protect the Komodo. There are also plans to hald more wildlife parks around the world, which will help to rcrease the population of this fascinating species.

 

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