1 Read the text about IUCN Red List. (Đọc văn bản về Danh sách Đỏ IUCN)
The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List is a comprehensive catalogue of the conservation status of species. Information is collected from all over the world and carefully analysed. Many factors are taken into consideration, such as the remaining numbers, the overall increase or decrease in the population, breeding success rates, and known threats. The IUCN Red List then classifies species into seven categories: Extinct (EX), Extinct in the wild (EW), Critically Endangered (CR), Endangered (EN), Vulnerable (VU), Near-threatened (NT), or Least Concern (LC).
After Extinct and Extinct in the wild, the highest risk category assigned by the IUCN Red List is Critically Endangered. A Critically Endangered species is a species that is facing a very high risk of extinction in the wild. Endangered is the next most severe conservation status for wildlife. A Vulnerable species is one that is likely to become endangered if the circumstances threatening its survival and reproduction do not improve. The main reason for its vulnerability is habitat loss or destruction.The species labelled Near Threatened and Least Concern, have had their conservation status assessed and found to be relatively safe and healthy, though they may be in decline.
The number of extinct and endangered species is increasing every year. It is estimated that over 40 per cent of the species on Earth are at risk of extinction. The IUCN Red List featured 3079 animal and 2655 plant species as endangered worldwide in 2012, and 1102 and 1197 respectively in 1998. Many countries in the world now have laws to conserve wild species and protect endangered and threatened species. However, much more has to be done to successfully safeguard the biodiversity of our planet.
2 Read the text again and decide whether the following statements are true (T), false (F), or not given (NG). Tick the correct box. (Đọc văn bản một lần nữa và quyết định xem các nhận định sau đây là đúng (T), sai (F), hoặc không xác định (NG). Đánh dấu vào ô thích hợp.)
The IUCN Red List evaluates the extinction risk of thousands of species.
Factors taken into consideration are only the remaining number, breeding success rates, and known threats.
The IUCN Red List suggests measures to conserve endangered species.
Endangered species are the ones at the most serious risk of extinction.
Though they may be in decline, Near Threatened and Least Concern species are quite safe and healthy.
The IUCN Red List requires countries to create laws that protect wildlife.
1.T 2. F 3. NG 4. F 5. T 6.F
Job skills and qualities
3 Work with a partner. Use the information below or your own ideas to make a conversation about the skills and/or qualities of one job. (Làm việc cùng một người bạn. Sử dụng các thông tin dưới đây hoặc ý tưởng của riêng bạn để tạo một cuộc trò chuyện về các kỹ năng và / hoặc phẩm chất của một công việc.)
1. childcare worker
- physical endurance
She's so life-like!
4 Listen to someone talking about his first encounter with a humanoid robot.
Choose the best option to complete the sentences.
Nghe ai đó nói về cuộc gặp gỡ đầu tiên của mình với một robot hình người.
Chọn lựa chọn tốt nhất để hoàn thành câu.
Click tại đây để nghe:
C 2. C 3. B 4. A 5. C 6. B
Hello, everybody. I'd like to share with you my first-hand experience of a humanoid robot.
I met one on the floor of a Tokyo department store, working in customer service. Aiko Chihira was so life-like that I first mistook her for a human being. I was so surprised when I saw so many people taking pictures of a receptionist. Only a few minutes later did I realise that she was a robot! She was wearing a traditional silk kimono and looked really pretty. I think she is supposed to be in her early thirties. Her silicone body was perfect and her subtle movements when bowing or blinking made her seem almost real.
I heard that many people rushed to the department store that day not to shop, but to see Chihira with their own eyes. Some people didn't even believe that she was a robot. One woman said that she had never expected that Chihira would be so real.
I had already seen pictures of robotic broadcasters reading news reports. However, this face-to-face meeting made a strong impression on me. I still feel very excited and look forward to seeing other humanoid robots in the future.
5 Look at the job advertisements below. Whkt one would you like to apply for? Consider whether you have the necessary skills and qualities. Discuss your ideas with a partner (Xem quảng cáo việc làm dưới đây. Công việc nào bạn muốn nộp đơn? Hãy xem xét xem bạn có các kỹ năng và phẩm chất cần thiết. Thảo luận về ý tưởng của bạn với một bạn khác)
We are currently seeking applicants for fulltime and part-time childcare workers (M/F)
Part-time working hours: 1 p.m. - 6p.m.;
7a.m.- 12p.m., Mon-Fri.
Full-time working hours: 40 hours per week (7a.m. - 6p.m.), Mon-Fri.
A generous salary.
Successful candidates should be devotee friendly, and reliable. They should be . nurturing and caring, and enjoy working anc interacting with young children. Excellent communication skills are required.
Are you planning a career as a qualified nurse? Would you like to have a well- paid job and achieve both personal and professional success? Join Lifecare Health and take advantage of our tremendous opportunities for development.
Education: a nursing degree from a good university
Skills: compassion, patience, physical endurance
Experience: 2 years or more
Qualities: responsible, caring, diligent
6 Write your own CV to apply for one of the jobs advertised in 5 or a job of your choice. Tailor your CV to have a better chance to be shortlisted for an interview.
Viết CV của bạn để nộp đơn cho một trong những công việc được quảng cáo trong 5 hay một công việc bạn đã chọn. Chỉnh CV của bạn để có một cơ hội tốt hơn để được lọt vào danh sách cho một cuộc phỏng vấn.
Full name: Nguyen Minh Quang Address: 1661 Giang Van Minh, Ha Noi Mobile phone: 01234567888 Home phone: 04-37228888 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Personal summary and career objectives
I am a highly motivated young person who works hard, has good interpersonal skills, and gets on well with people. I have just finished upper-secondary school and have a two month holiday before starting tertiary education. I am looking for a part-time job as a childcare worker. I play the piano, table tennis, and chess, swim well, and have a good command of English. In addition, I love children and can spend hours playing or interacting with them.
Educations and qualifications
May 2017: IELTS 7.5 (British Council, Ha Noi)
2012- 2017: Ha Noi Upper Secondary School 2010-2014: Ha Noi Lower Secondary School 2005-2010: Dai Yen Primary School
2016-2017: Part-time childcare worker and tutor in Maths and English for two students during the summer Responsibilities included
- Walking them to school and back home
- Tutoring them in Maths and English
- Teaching them to play the piano
- Interacting and playing games with them Achievements
July 2012: Second prize in Swimming Contest, City level August 2011: Third prize in Piano Contest, City level Skills