❖Before You Lisen
Work in pairs. Discuss and choose the best answer A, B,C or D. (Làm việc từng đôi. Thảo luận và chọn câu trả lời đúng nhất A, B. C hoặc D.)
1. You can find gorillas in .
A. Europe B. Asia C. Africa
2. The male gorilla may attain a height of…………m and a weight of about 180 kg.
A. 3 B. l,7 C. 0,8
3. The life span of a gorilla in the wild is about years.
A. 30 B. 40 C. 50
1. C 2. B 3. A and C
❖ While You Listen
Task l: Listen to the passage and choose the best answer A, B,C or D to each question. (Nghe đoạn văn và chọn câu trả lởi đúng nhất cho từng câu hỏi.)
1. Which of the following can be a group leader?
A. The biggest and strongest adult male gorilla.
B. A female gorilla.
C. The biggest adult female gorilla.
D. A grown-up gorilla.
2. With whom do baby gorillas sleep at night?
A. Their sisters.
B. Their mothers.
C. Their fathers.
D. Their mothers and sisters.
3. Why do hunters kill mountain gorillas?
A. For their skin.
B. For their nests.
C. For the trees they live in.
D. For food.
4. Which of the following statements is NOT true?
A. Mountain gorillas live in Africa.
B. Scientists study gorillas and show a different picture of mountain gorillas.
C. Life for mountain gorillas is peaceful.
D. A gorilla sometimes eats worms.
5. What can be learned from the passage?
A. Mountain gorillas are not as dangerous as they look.
B. Mountain gorillas live in groups.
C. Mountain gorillas eat mainly plants.
D. All of A, B and C are correct.
1.A 2.B 3. D 4. c 5.D
For a long time the image most people had of a gorilla was a dangerous looking animal with big bared teeth. But researchers studying gorillas show a very different picture of mountain gorillas. The animals are peaceful, gentle, sociable, and mainly plant-eating creatures.
Gorillas live in family groups. A typical group is led by the biggest and strongest grown-up male gorilla. He is called a silverback because the hair on a male’s back turn from black to silver as he grows up. This happens when he is between 11 and 13 years old. A silverback's group usually includes one or two sub-adult males and a few females and their young.
Mountain gorillas spend much of their time eating. Their food includes a variety of plants, along with a few kinds of insects and worms. Al night the animals make a nest to sleep in. Many lightweight gorillas nest in trees. The heavier ones may nest in grasses on the ground. Babies sleep with their mothers at night.
Life for mountain gorillas is not always peaceful. They are endangered and threatened by civil war in a small area of Africa where they live. Hunters kill them for food. Their forests are cut down for farmland, fuel, and housing. But many scientists, forest rangers, and other concerned people are working hard to protect mountain gorillas, their habitats.
Task 2: Listen again and complete the chart below. (Nghe lại và điền biểu đồ dưới đây.)
(1)……………, gentle, sociable, and
the silverback. one or two sub-adult males,
Place for sleeping
nest(5)………….. or (6)……………
Causes of being endangered
(7) ………., hunters killing them for food,
Work in pairs. Summarize the main ideas of the passage, using the Information and the answers in Tasks 1 and 2. (Tóm tắt những ý chính của đoạn văn nqhe, dùng thông tin và câu trả lời ở Task 1 và 2.)
A. For a long time people used to think gorillas are dangerous looking. Actually they are peaceful, gentle and sociable.
B. Gorillas live in family groups led by the biggest and strongest grown-up male called a silverback.
A. A silverback’s group usually includes one or two sub-adult males and a few females and their young.
B. Mountain gorillas spend much of their time eating. Their main food is plants,a few kinds of insects and worms.
A. They sleep in nests in trees, and in grasses. Babies sleep with their mothers.
B. Gorilla’s life is not peaceful because they are endangered and threatened by civil war, hunting and the habitat destruction.